Cover of The CLR James Journal
Already a subscriber? - Login here
Not yet a subscriber? - Subscribe here

Browse by:

  • Issue: 1/2

Displaying: 1-16 of 16 documents

1. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
Paget Henry Editor’s Note
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
tributes to george lamming and charles mills
2. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
Linden F. Lewis Encounters with the Barbadian Bard
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
3. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
Paget Henry Caliban and Caribbean Philosophy: Remembering George Lamming
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
4. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
George Yancy Charles Mills: On Seeing and Naming the Whiteness of Philosophy
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
5. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
Teófilo Reis Charles Mills, Too Early
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
sylvia wynter, post-structuralism and ceremonies of solidarity
6. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
Brendan John Brown The Black Cogito and the History of Unreason: Wynter on the Foucault and Derrida Debate
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This essay seeks to unsettle the overrepresented, Eurocentric grounds of a pivotal debate in the history of Western philosophy. The debate between Michel Foucault and Jacques Derrida on the topic of madness has had central significance for twentieth-century continental thought due to its lasting impact on the development, reception, and stakes of the respective thinker’s methodologies. While heavily written on and analyzed from the perspective of Western academic philosophy, little attention has been paid to the racialized, ‘Third World’ origins and structures of the debate and its content. I contend that the work of Sylvia Wynter addresses, critiques, and ameliorates these structures in heretofore previously unacknowledged ways. Specifically, Wynter’s work in “Unsettling the Coloniality of Being/Power/Truth/Freedom”, her diptych on the Ceremony (Must Be) Found, and her critical engagements with the submerged “abducting logic” of Western thought marks an incisive critique of both Foucault and Derrida’s interpretation of reason and madness in Western philosophy. As I argue, Wynter is committed to deconstructing the binary of madness/reason so as to unsettle the overrepresentation of Western logos. She does so through the liminal figure of the “black cogito” which disrupts and shakes the foundations of the debate, nor can either conflicting interpretation neatly assimilate this figure. That is, by deconstructing the debate on the history of madness Wynter demonstrates the paucity of their arguments about, on the one hand, the history of reason and the exclusion of madness, and, on the other, the metaphysical ambiguity of the Cartesian cogito. This essay aims to set out on an alternative history of the deconstruction of Western metaphysics initiated from the demonic grounds of being.
7. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
Elisabeth Paquette Ceremonies of Liberation: On Wynter and Solidarity
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
The focus of this essay is Sylvia Wynter’s conception of ceremony. I argue that ceremonies provide the conditions for a new conception of what it means to be human, that is no longer hierarchical. As such, both ceremonies and this new human are necessary for processes of liberation. In order to be liberatory, however, ceremonies must be place-based and yet fluid and mobile, are steeped in history and are thrust into the future, depend upon community, and impact daily experiences. I argue that employing the best aspects of ceremony can provide the tools for developing coalitional movements, which are often already employed by Black and Indigenous communities. I call this process ceremonies of liberation.
feminism, eldercare, trafficking and modernity in the u.s. and china
8. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
Samantha Brady Neoliberal Capitalism, Older Adult Care and Feminist Theory
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
Classic feminist social theory highlights the exploitation of women’s labor in capitalist societies traditionally through an examination of how housework and childcare is perceived and organized, excluding an explicit analysis of older adult care work. In light of the surge in the demand for older adult caregiving over the last several decades, this paper uses older adult care work as a new lens to understand how gender, and its intersections with other critical identities such as race, ethnicity, and nativity, are a basis for continued exploitation and marginalization in modern capitalist systems. Building on Marxist feminism and Sylvia Wynter’s work on social value and domination, I argue that women’s care labor, both paid and unpaid, is an instrument of capital accumulation that differentially exploits women based on key intersectional identities. An examination of the system of older adult care work in the United States allows us to see the multilayered and complex system of exploitation that creates and institutionalizes existing social hierarchies as capitalism seeks to expand. The paper ends with a discussion of two potential family care paths America could conceivably pursue in the coming years; one toward increased commodification of care work in line with neoliberal capitalism, and the other toward more comprehensive social welfare policies that alleviate women’s reproductive labor burden and begin to break down gendered and racialized hierarchies.
9. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
Xiangning Xu The Patriarchal Subject, Paradigm of Family and Woman Trafficking in China
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
Instigated by the incident of the chained woman in Feng County, Jiang Su Province, this paper offers a phenomenological argument on the workhorses legitimizing and sustaining women trafficking in China. Specifically, I leverage the Imperial Man and the Paradigm of War by Nelson Maldonado-Torres and construct a pair of paralleled concepts: the Patriarchal Man and the Paradigm of Family. In analyzing the social media coverage of the chained woman and government responses, I argue that the Patriarchal Man and the Paradigm of Family create and perpetuate a common understanding that enables and normalizes women trafficking within a broader circuit. This circuit includes both state actors such as government officials and local actors who are not directly involved in trafficking, in addition to the traffickers, buyers and sellers. To combat women trafficking, we need law reforms as well as a phenomenological reduction of the Patriarchal man. I suggest three potential ways for the phenomenological reduction.
james, glissant, beauvoir, habermas and the socialist alternative
10. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
Talia Isaacson C.L.R. James’s Socialist Polis
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This paper examines C.L.R James’s interpretation of Athenian democracy in “Every Cook Can Govern” (1956). It seeks to explain why Athenian democracy remained indispensable to James’s political thought. I argue that James reinterprets Athens as a proto-workers’ state, and explore the resulting contradictions and complexities. Within “Every Cook Can Govern” James presents a radical interpretation of Athenian Democracy at three points: (1) James claims that slavery in Athens was humane and economically insignificant, (2) he supports the theory of the “Athenian Miracle” found in Pericles’s Funeral Oration, and (3) he chooses to end his essay with a misleading interpretation of the anti-tyranny oath of Demophantos. James idealizes Athenian political realities, and ultimately invents his own version of Athens. But his idealization arose from principled skepticism regarding mainstream views of Athenian democracy and his political commitment to defending the capabilities of the ordinary person.
11. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
Ruthanne Crapo Kim The Case of Djamila Boupacha and an Ethics of Ambiguity: Opacity, Marronage, and the Veil
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
In this article, I briefly sketch the “right to opacity” that Édouard Glissant details in Poetics of Relation and situate it as an ethical imperative with Simone de Beauvoir’s Ethics of Ambiguity, contrasting the distinctive contributions of opacity and ambiguity toward ethical-political living. I apply the principles of opacity and ambiguity toward one of Beauvoir’s most political and only co-written works, Pour Djamila Boupacha. I argue that the polyvalent use of the Islamic veil during the Algerian War for Independence reveals the ethical application of opacity and ambiguity. Additionally, the veil clarifies the political stakes of gendered assumptions and racial hierarchy across geographies, positing a false body neutrality that obfuscates the violent global War on Terror.
12. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
Alexander Avila Habermas’ Colonization Thesis in the Digital Network: Pandemic Resistance in Advanced Capitalism
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
As scholars anticipate the structural reconfigurations arising from the COVID-19 pandemic, resistance to pandemic measures remains a site of rich discussion. While previous researchers have studied anti-mask, anti-vaccine, and anti-lockdown action, here called anti-restriction movements, as a series of actions informed by individual characteristics like psychological profiles, political leanings, or gender, this paper emphasizes how anti-restriction actions evolved into social movements articulating the antagonisms between state and subject. This paper applies Jürgen Habermas’s theory of New Social Movements (NSMs) to theorize anti-restriction movements as reactions to bureaucratic and economic regulation in cultural and private life. Habermas’s original theory assigned NSMs a radical potential in reinvigorating public political discourse and democratic processes which remains to be seen today. By contrasting the discourses of anti-restriction movements in Indigenous communities in Chiapas, Mexico and suburban communities in Orange County, California, this paper describes how profit-driven market algorithms steer social movements away from their radical potential towards sensationalism and misinformation. Not only do social media platforms “colonize” communication on the national level, but western countries’ control of social media platforms “digitally colonizes” peripheral countries by redirecting subaltern social movements with the hybridized discourses of imperial nations.
black nationalism in the age of intersectionality
13. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
Corey Reed #ProtectBlackWomen and Other Hashtags: Using Amílcar Cabral’s Resistance and Decolonization Framework as an Ethic for Obligations Between Black Agents
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
For those who subscribe to a pro-Black political ideology, like that of Pan-Africanism or Black Nationalism, is there a specific moral obligation between Black agents to protect one another against intersectional/multidimensional oppressions? Africana people are often subjugated to other forms of domination outside of anti-Black racism exclusively. When examining offenses against Black women, queer Black people, poor Black people, etc., both Black Nationalist and Pan-Africanist ethics suggest a moral obligation of protection to all Africana people, but there are varying ways that obligation is explicated. In this argument, I assert that Amílcar Cabral’s text Resistance and Decolonization provides a critical framework for the ways in which disenfranchised, Africana people should be advocated for by their Africana counterparts that take Black collectivity seriously. This argument, as a starting point, conceptualizes Africana people defending one another as a form of decolonization, and it describes four dimensions of moral obligation for defense both within and outside of Black communities: political, economic, cultural, and armed defense.
book reviews
14. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
Elisabeth Paquette Diagne and Amselle’s In Search of Africa(s)
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
15. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
Anique John Bernadine Evaristo’s Manifesto On Never Giving Up: Journeys towards Justice as a Declaration of “Life Success”
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
16. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
Notes on Contributors
view |  rights & permissions | cited by