Cover of International Journal of Philosophical Practice
Already a subscriber? - Login here
Not yet a subscriber? - Subscribe here

Displaying: 1-5 of 5 documents

1. International Journal of Philosophical Practice: Volume > 2 > Issue: 1
Gail Presbey Sage Philosophy and Critical Thinking: Creatively Coping with Negative Emotions
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
In critical thinking we learn the importance of being fair, and opening up closed and biased minds. In practical philosophy we must learn how to find our happiness in a world where others act with evil intentions. In contemporary Kenya one major challenge is how to react to those who might use witchcraft to try to harm oneself or one’s family. Regardless of whether witchcraft is “real” or not, it is possible to discern the root cause of witchcraft practices as due to jealousy and selfishness. By addressing the root problem, cases of witchcraft practice will diminish. The paper uses Kenyan philosopher Odera Oruka’s “sage philosophy” methodology, to interview rural sages who have reputations as being wise in their communities, so that professional philosophers can learn from their wisdom. For example, Saulo Namianya sees his role as helping to “level tongues” that had been high-pitched in their anger, so that people can discern the cause of a dispute and have it resolved. Adala Otuko emphasizes controlling one’s fear when one first sights a charm. Ngaimarish ole Mulo explains how to encourage parties who are sparring with each other to stop and consider the perspective of the other party. The sages are shown to be wise counselors who encourage critical thinking in their communities.
2. International Journal of Philosophical Practice: Volume > 2 > Issue: 1
William Ferraiolo Stoic Counsel for Interpersonal Relations
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
The foundational principle of stoic counsel is the claim that one’s psychological and emotional health need not depend upon anything that does not directly answer to the exertion of one’s will. Whatever the difficulty, whatever the circumstance, the ideally rational agent will concern himself only with that which is entirely a matter of his own choosing, and will remain imperturbable by anything that he cannot directly control through the force of his will alone. The ideally rational agent will, thereby, rid himself of psychological and emotional distress. In this paper, I attempt to elucidate and defend this element of stoic counsel.
3. International Journal of Philosophical Practice: Volume > 2 > Issue: 1
James A. Tuedio A Post modern Basis for Narrative Realism in Philosophical Counseling
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
4. International Journal of Philosophical Practice: Volume > 2 > Issue: 1
Lydia B. Amir Three Questionable Assumptions of Philosophical Counseling
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
Philosophical practice or counseling has been described as a cluster of meth­ods for treating everyday problems and predicaments through philosophical means. Not­withstanding the variety of methods, philosophical counselors seem to share the following tenets: 1. The counselee is autonomous; 2. Philosophical counseling differs from psychological counseling and 3. Philosophical counseling is effective in solving predicaments. A critical examination shows these to be problematic at both theoretical and practical levels. As I believe that philosophical practice is a valuable contribution both to philosophy and to psychology, though not devoid of potential dangers and misuses, I suggest that philosoph­ical counselors reconsider the theoretical and empirical validity of their tenets. Using my experience as a philosophical counselor, I attempt in this paper to contribute to this task while introducing the reader to what are, in my opinion, the main problems in the field.
5. International Journal of Philosophical Practice: Volume > 2 > Issue: 1
Leslie Spivak An Application of Kierkegaard’s Philosophy of Freedom to Psychotherapy and Philosophical Counseling
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
Kierkegaard’s philosophical writings in the area of human freedom have great explanatory powers and strong relevance for philosophical counseling and psychotherapy. This paper will explore those principles that have a bearing on helping people deal with life’s issues. Freedom is an overarching term that encompasses many concepts. All of these concepts, in turn, describe different manifestations of the self. The self is central to Kierkegaard’s philosophy of freedom. He describes the self in dynamic and structural terms and by levels of consciousness. Despair is a key concept in this philosophy; it is a deep level of anxiety that signals whether the self is moving forward in freedom, or withdrawing into unfreedom. A case study will be used to exemplify these concepts within a psychother­peutic milieu.