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1. Roczniki Filozoficzne: Volume > 61 > Issue: 4
Piotr Pasterczyk Piotr Pasterczyk
Pojęcie osoby w antropologii Hansa Eduarda Hengstenberga
Concept of Person in the Hans Eduard Hengstenberg’s Anthropology

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2. Roczniki Filozoficzne: Volume > 61 > Issue: 4
Deborah Savage Deborah Savage
The Centrality of Lived Experience in Wojtyla’s Account of the Person
Fundamentalne znaczenie przeżycia w Karola Wojtyły ujęciu osoby

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The aim of this paper is to illuminate the centrality of lived experience in Karol Wojytla’s account of the person and identify its significance for philosophy and praxis in the contemporary period. Specifically the author intends to pursue the meaning of Wojtyla’s claim that “the category of lived experience must have a place in anthropology and ethics—and somehow be at the center of their respective interpretations.” The paper seeks to recover an important insight into the task of philosophy: according to Karol Wojtyla, if philosophy is to perform its essential function in the recovery of our culture, we have no choice but to turn our attention to the subjectivity of human persons—and this can only be done by taking up the somewhat risky challenge of studying the reality of lived human experience. The paper will analyze Wojtyla’s argument that the problem of human subjectivity is at the epicenter of debates about the human person and will argue that his solution reconciles the dilemma posed by the historical antinomies that have characterized anthropology and epistemology, viz., the “objective” or ontological view of the human being and the “subjectivism” often associated with the philosophy of consciousness, and their corollaries, realism and idealism.At least in the English speaking context, where the validity of individual experience has risen to the level of almost dogmatic significance for social and political life, Father Wojtyla’s claim appears either to have gone unnoticed or to have been rejected. And perhaps, at least on the surface, this is not without reason. The modern interest in human subjectivity is blamed for many contemporary maladies, including subjectivism, relativism and the pride of place now given to any individual point of view, no matter how ill informed. Claims about the existence of truth or an objective moral order often cannot find a foothold when confronted with the argument that such realities do not resonate with a particular individual’s personal “experience.” The priority given to subjective personal experience in determining what constitutes right thinking and moral human behavior, assuming that question is even asked, is now a commonplace assumption; it is something alternately deplored or celebrated both by intellectuals and the “man on the street.”Given this situation, that a philosopher of Father Wojtyla’s stature and obvious moral authority should make such an argument is a matter of critical importance, especially for those who seek to ground human action in objective moral norms in an era where an arguably flawed account of human subjectivity clearly has taken center stage. The paper shows that Wojtyla is not adverting to experience as an adjunct to moral relativism or personal preference as an approach to questions of the true and the good. On the contrary, the author shows that the philosopher Karol Wojtyla provides a way to remain grounded in the metaphysical and ontological categories that not only comprise our intellectual heritage, but refer to real and profound truths, while simultaneously accounting for the subjectivity and dynamism of the person. The paper concludes with an argument that this account provides a key hermeneutical device for understanding the enormous importance of the work of Pope John Paul II.
3. Roczniki Filozoficzne: Volume > 61 > Issue: 4
Sławomir Piechaczek Sławomir Piechaczek
Iluzja buddyjskiego wyzwolenia w myśli Emila Ciorana
The Illusion of Buddhist Liberation in Emil Cioran’s Thought

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4. Roczniki Filozoficzne: Volume > 61 > Issue: 4
Michał Kapias Michał Kapias
Odpowiedzialność narodu za państwo w koncepcjach współczesnych personalistów polskich
Responsibility for the State of the Nation

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5. Roczniki Filozoficzne: Volume > 61 > Issue: 4
Jan Kłos Jan Kłos
Tetrada, czyli czteroelementowy wzorzec przemian kulturowych
Tetrad, or the Fourfold Pattern of Cultural Transformations

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6. Roczniki Filozoficzne: Volume > 61 > Issue: 4
Paweł Gondek Paweł Gondek
Złożenie z materii i formy jako ontyczna podstawa pluralizmu w filozofii Arystotelesa
The Composites of Matter and Form as the Ontic Foundation of Pluralism in Aristotle’s Philosophy

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7. Roczniki Filozoficzne: Volume > 61 > Issue: 4
Adam Gadoski Adam Gadoski
On Some Striking Example of Jan Czochralski, and His Scientific Achievements, Allowing to Underline His Year 2013 in Poland
Na temat uderzającego przypadku Jana Czochralskiego i jego osiągnięć naukowych pozwalających podkreślić ważność roku 2013 dla upamiętnienia tej postaci

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A question has been addressed, and then partly answered, namely, to what degree Jan Czochralski, an eminent and well-recognized abroad Polish crystallographer, chemist, and metallurgist, also a material (metal) scientist, should, when based on his achievements in research, belong to (physicochemical) metallurgy, or ought to be recognized rather as a (“pure”) chemist, working in a chemical fashion with metals and their impurities-containing alloys. The actual ground for trying to answer the intriguing question, relies on the fact that he performed his research entirely within physicochemical, or specifically, mechanochemical metallurgy of complex as well as very practical material systems that he was able to resolve successfully by his treatments. Its has been attempted to show that his type of research should be described as interdisciplinary, thus, being synergistically intermingled amongst a few crossdisciplines of technological and basic research. Astonishingly, his historical-context sensitive life, can also be viewed as the one being well networked amongst many areas of his activity, drawing him as inventor, university professor, owner, investor, art supporter, philanthropist, as well as some truly modest poetry author, or finally, husband and father of three children.
8. Roczniki Filozoficzne: Volume > 61 > Issue: 4
Andrzej Bronk Andrzej Bronk
To Make Public Life More Moral. Luigi Sturzo’s Socio-Political Doctrine
Umoralnić życie publiczne. Luigiego Sturza doktryna społeczno-polityczna

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9. Roczniki Filozoficzne: Volume > 61 > Issue: 4
Anna Głąb Anna Głąb
Bóg – filozofia – uniwersytety. Wybrane zagadnienia z historii katolickiej tradycji filozoficznej
God, Philosophy, Universities: A Selective History of the Catholic Philosophical Tradition

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10. Roczniki Filozoficzne: Volume > 61 > Issue: 4
Antoni Szwed Freedom as an Uncertain Cause in Graham Greene’s Novels: A Philosophical and Literary Analysis
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