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1. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Paget Henry Editor’s Note
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tribute to gordon rohlehr
2. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Leslie R. James Gordon Rohlehr: Celebrating the Life of a Bookman
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continuing our revival of rené ménil
3. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Oscar Guardiola-Rivera, Juan Felipe García Poetic Traditions of Revolt in the Caribbean: René Ménil’s Theory of the Public
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How to reciprocate a precious gift? In this case the gift was given to us twice. First, in the shape of Paget Henry’s pioneering reinvention of René Ménil’s “Aesthetic Marxism.” Through it, second, we’re led to rediscover the fantastic world of Ménil’s hitherto ignored but crucial contribution to contemporary philosophy: his systematization of the poetics of revolt. Our debt with Ménil and Henry is unpayable. Our humble response in this essay is to offer readers a map to the treasure that is Ménil’s thought. We aim to offer a path across and beyond the sedimentation and pacifying effects of given frames of judgment and the imagination in today’s post-classical public sphere. We call it “fantastic critique,” largely inspired by our wider reading of Ménil’s work and specifically his original concept of the “velocity of the spirit.” It renews the Hegelo-Marxian revolutionary formula. Here. Keep it with you. It’s a precious gift.
the current state of macro theory in caribbean sociology
4. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Anton L. Allahar The Sociology of Development and the Underdevelopment of Sociology
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In the present essay my aim is first to review and extend Frank’s thinking on ‘the sociology of development,’ and second, I will attempt to apply his insights to some of the new or present-day directions in sociological theory and research with a view to showing how they might be seen as contributing to ‘the underdevelopment of sociology.’ Beginning with the vision of the founding fathers of sociology broadly understood, I will argue that that vision and the promise of sociology are being lessened by the aforementioned new directions in the discipline.
5. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
George K. Danns A Sociology of Possibilities: Caribbean Sociology, Du Bois and Redemption
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Caribbean sociology accords with the Du Boisan paradigm of sociology as a science. Caribbean sociology originated as an undifferentiated discipline. It is a panoply of social thought integrated with history, political science, anthropology, psychology, and philosophy. Sociology has never been a discipline sufficient unto itself. To speak of Caribbean sociology is to introduce space and place, territory, and identity as parameters of a social scientific discipline that is yet to adhere to its own boundaries or adequately define itself. Caribbean countries constitute the poor West, and it is a challenge of the discipline to study a region where half of its peoples have migrated and are migrating to the global north. Caribbean sociology contributed diverse if not also original perspectives on significant humanity and is rich in the quality and sophistication of its thought. The sociology of the Caribbean is a sociology of possibilities—a sociology of solutions to the problems of underdevelopment and unfreedom. In the tradition of the scientific sociology of W. E. B. Du Bois it is a quest for social justice.
6. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Dennis C. Canterbury Caribbean Development from Colonialism to Post-neoliberal Multipolarity
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Arguably, Caribbean development has evolved through three distinct historical periods in international political economy and currently must find its way in a fourth—the new multipolar world order. The hitherto three periods were characterized by a system of multipolar colonial imperial empires, bipolar cold war with neocolonialism, and unipolar neoliberalism. The purpose here is to unlock the door to critical thinking on Caribbean social, political, and economic policies for the new multipolarity. The region must dial back its blind pursuit of self-regulating market policies and exercise its sovereign right to determine development paths based on its cultural and historical heritage. A descriptive analysis of theorizing about Caribbean development in each of the periods is presented before some specific sets of conditions are identified for policy formation and operationalization in the new multipolarity.
7. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Stephanie Fullerton-Cooper Blurring the Lines of Demarcation: Sociology and the Caribbean Author
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This paper seeks to challenge the “fixed line” between disciplines by exploring the interconnections of Sociology and Caribbean Literature. It highlights the Caribbean author as a social activist and policymaker whose aim is to agitate for improvement in various social conditions. The writings of three Caribbean authors—Erna Brodber of Jamaica, as well Frank McField and Roy Bodden of the Cayman Islands—are examined. Through their published and unpublished works, through their fiction and non-fiction, the interconnection between Sociology and Caribbean Literature is explored. Their writings become alternative narratives that address various sociological issues, as the writers are lauded for their social activism which gave a small community in Jamaica its history and which pleads for the youth and agitates for education in the Cayman Islands. These writers, some of whom are trained sociologists, use their training and knowledge in this field and their expertise in creative writing to demonstrate that the lines of demarcation between the disciplines are becoming increasingly blurred. The paper concludes that this fusing of the disciplines means Caribbean authors can be viewed as social activists and policymakers whose works posit new thoughts and present new possibilities to ailing Jamaica and Cayman societies.
8. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Paget Henry The Crisis of Caribbean Sociology and a Sociology of Crisis
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In this paper, I argue that macro-theorizing in the field of Caribbean sociology is going through a crisis of transition from the third to the fourth major period in its 100-year-old process of historical development. It is a transition from a period in which the houses of earlier Caribbean macro-theorizing in the social sciences, such as creole theory, cultural pluralism and dependency theory, were blown from the center and displaced by the simultaneous arrival of two re-colonizing intellectual hurricanes from the temperate north: American neoliberalism and French poststructuralism. Battered by these two imperial storms, macro-theorizing in Caribbean sociology was caught in what the paper calls a neocolonial squeeze. After unleashing their destructive and seductive winds, Neo and Post, these two intellectual hurricanes, have been receding for some time. Their departing has been creating what the paper calls a post-neoliberal/post-poststructuralist opening. It then takes up the issue of what we should be doing in this opening to repair fallen intellectual houses and revive our tradition of macro-theorizing in Caribbean sociology.
chinese scholars and the haitian revolution, black reason and frantz fanon
9. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Yue Qiu A Forgotten Revolutionary Solidarity: The Echoes of the Haitian Revolution in China
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Though a few scholars have discussed the transnational engagement of Caribbean thinkers with China, hitherto unknown is the imaginative alliance Left-wing Chinese writers crafted with the Caribbean via their works on the Haitian Revolution. This paper explores writings by four Chinese Marxists—Li Chunhui, Wang Chunliang, Lu Guojun, and Mao Xianglin—who engaged with Caribbean intellectuals, like Eric Williams, and used the history of the first anti-colonial revolution to rethink China’s own decolonial experiment. During the Maoist era, these thinkers argued for the independence of the Haitian Revolution from the French Revolution, imagining Haiti’s revolutions as prefigurations of Third-World Revolution. In the deradicalized Deng era, these writers held contradictory stances towards capitalism, stressing how old and neocolonialism plundered Haiti. By reducing Sino-Caribbean relations to the Chinese diaspora in the Caribbean, or to the recent Belt and Road Initiative, scholars overlook lost revolutionary solidarities that aimed to dismantle world white supremacy.
10. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Derefe Kimarley Chevannes Criminalizing Black Reason: A Critique of Carceral Methodologies in the Study of Race
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This paper critically examines the nexus between the scientific method and the study of race in the contemporary world. It begins by historicizing the emergence of the scientific method as indispensable to the advent of European modernity. The development of modernity collapsed into the racialization of black subjects as subhuman and criminal. This criminalization of blackness occurs at two critical junctures: the arrest of blacks via plantation enslavement and the concomitant imprisoning of black bodies of thought. The consequence of modernity’s carceral methods implicates the study of race, particularly the formation of Black Studies, by criminalizing black reason. As such, the paper contends for an Afromodern scientific revolution, understood as the emancipation of method and the decarceralizing of science in order to procure black liberation in the modern world.
11. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Annalee Ring Fanon and Soap Advertising: The Colonial Mythology of Cleanliness
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This paper critically examines the pervasive colonial myth that associates whiteness with cleanliness and blackness with dirtiness, a myth often perpetuated through media, especially soap advertisements. Through an analysis of Frantz Fanon’s contributions to psychoanalysis and phenomenology, the paper elucidates how racial constructs are sociogenically constructed and internalized, shaping the collective unconscious. Focusing on Fanon’s phenomenological exploration of the white gaze, the paper highlights its role in overdetermining the black man, reducing them to an object embodying racial myths. The paper demonstrates the enduring influence these entrenched myths have on racialized habits of perception and advocates for their disruption. The ongoing presence of colonial mythologies in modern soap advertising demonstrates the need for a concerted effort to dismantle these sedimented habits. The conclusion focuses specifically on challenging the myth of whiwhiteness as cleanliness as it continues to operate.
book reviews
12. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Frederick Mills Jorge Zúñiga M. Enrique Dussel. Retratos de una filosofía de la liberación
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13. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Marilyn Nissim-Sabat Affectivity and Marxism after Luxemburg: A Review of Hjalmar Joffre-Eichhorn’s Post Rosa: Letters Against Barbarism
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14. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
August Shipman Disaggregating the State from the Euromodern State: The Significance of Statelessness and Contemporary Enslavement for Marxism beyond the Ivory Tower
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15. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Justin Wooley A Review of Miraj U. Desai, Derek Hook, and Leswin Laubscher (eds.) Fanon, Phenomenology, and Psychology
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16. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Thomas Jay Lynn Of Wandering, Theory, and Transcendence: A Review of Ashmita Khasnabish’s Virtual Diaspora, Postcolonial Literature and Feminism
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17. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Rachel McNealis Practicing Out of Tune: On Michael J. Monahan’s Creolizing Practices of Freedom: Recognition and Dissonance
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18. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Paget Henry Between Poetry and Politics: A Review of Brian Meeks’s After the Postcolonial Caribbean
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19. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1/2
Notes on Contributors
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20. The CLR James Journal: Volume > 28 > Issue: 1/2
Paget Henry Editor’s Note
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