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1. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 53 > Issue: 1
Ian Clausen Letter from the Editor
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2. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 53 > Issue: 1
Peter Iver Kaufman Hopefully, Augustine
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When Augustine wrote about having discovered a hope (diuersa spes) different from the political ambitions that drew him to Rome then Milan (spes saeculi), he referred to Christians’ hopes for celestial reward. But several colleagues suggest that he also harbored hopes for a kinder political culture. Discussions of Augustine’s hopes have enlivened the study of political theory and political theology for several generations. During the twenty-first century two influential volumes took him as their inspiration for “hopeful citizenship” and “democratic citizenship.” Recently, two perceptive studies propose variations on the themes introduced there. What follows deploys several of Hannah Arendt’s observations about Augustine to suggest that his political hopes were somewhat more restricted but more radical than the latest contributions to his political theology suggest.
3. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 53 > Issue: 1
Michael Lamb Augustine on Hope and Politics: A Response to Peter Iver Kaufman
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This is the first of two responses to Peter Iver Kaufman’s article, “Hopefully, Augustine.” Michael Lamb, author of A Commonwealth of Hope: Augustine’s Political Thought, analyzes the conceptual and interpretive assumptions related to hope and politics implicit in Kaufman’s account. Lamb defends an account of hope as a virtue that allows properly ordered hope for political goods and considers the implications of a more expansive view of politics for understanding Augustine’s thought.
4. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 53 > Issue: 1
Veronica Roberts Ogle Healing Hope: A Response to Peter Iver Kaufman
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This is the second of two responses to Peter Kaufman’s article “Hopefully, Augustine.” Veronica Roberts Ogle, author of Politics and the Earthly City in Augustine’s City of God, probes the degree to which her articulation of Augustinian political activity—and any hopes that might accompany it—overlaps or contrasts with Kaufman’s more minimalist conception.
5. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 53 > Issue: 1
Carl L. Beckwith Augustine’s Use of Ps.-Athanasius on John 5:19 and the Chronology of De Consensu Euangelistarum
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Augustine uses an unusual scriptural variant for the ending of John 5:19 twelve times. Ten occur in several Trinitarian writings produced around 418–420 CE. There is sufficient evidence to argue that Augustine’s use of Jerome’s translation of Didymus the Blind’s De spiritu sancto accounts for the presence of the variant in these writings. Augustine’s two earlier uses are more difficult to explain. The variant appears once in a sermon delivered at the end of 411 CE and once in De consensu euangelistarum, Book One, which is generally dated to 403–404 CE. The following article argues that Augustine’s use of ps.-Athanasius’s De trinitate, Book XI likely accounts for these two early uses.
6. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 53 > Issue: 1
Philip Lindia The Fear of God as Pedagogy: Augustine’s Theological Framework for Eschatological Cataplexis as a Catechetical Tool
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This article demonstrates the intersection of Augustine’s pedagogy and theology through a case study of his threats of divine judgment (eschatological cataplexis) in catechesis. Augustine’s use of this rhetorical device resists recent scholarship that has sought to ameliorate Augustine’s vision of hell. Augustine’s cataplexis in the catechumenate elucidates the practical side of his mature theological reflections on hellfire and eternal damnation: why catechists should utilize fear as an act of love, how fear cannot cause salvation in and of itself, and how in the faithful, general fear is refined to shed servile fear, that avoids the bad, in favor of chaste fear, that seeks the good. Augustine’s view of love and teaching prove to be intimately intertwined with his vision of fear and an eternal hell.
book review
7. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 53 > Issue: 1
Miles Hollingworth Dostoesvsky’s Incarnational Realism: Finding Christ Among the Karamazovs
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8. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 53 > Issue: 1
Joseph L. Grabau The Late (Wild) Augustine
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9. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 53 > Issue: 1
Erik Kenyon On Order
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10. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 53 > Issue: 1
Alden Bass Rhetoric and Scripture in Augustine’s Homiletic Strategy: Tracing the Narrative of Christian Maturation
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11. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 53 > Issue: 1
Justin Hawkins Wisdom’s Friendly Heart: Augustinian Hope for Skeptics and Conspiracy Theorists
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12. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 53 > Issue: 1
Joseph Madonna Free Will and the Rebel Angels in Medieval Philosophy
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13. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 53 > Issue: 1
Jesse Couenhoven Augustine on the Will: A Theological Account
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14. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 53 > Issue: 1
Phillip Cary From Plato to Christ: How Platonic Thought Shaped the Christian Faith
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15. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 53 > Issue: 1
Hunter Brown Love Does Not Seek Its Own: Augustine, Economic Division, and the Formation of a Common Life
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books received
16. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 53 > Issue: 1
Books Received
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articles
17. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 52 > Issue: 2
Margaret R. Miles St. Augustine’s Last Desire
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In his last years, St. Augustine became impatient with the doctrinal questions and requests for advice on practical matters of ecclesiastical discipline frequently referred to in correspondence of his last decade. Scholars have often attributed his uncharacteristic reluctance to address these matters to the diminishing competence and energy of old age. This article demonstrates that his evident unwillingness to respond at length to such queries relates rather to his desire to sequester increased time for meditation. Throughout his Christian life, he described and refined his practice of meditation; it gathered urgent importance as he neared death. Augustine’s lifelong search for “God and the soul,” articulated in his first writings, evolved through his meditation, changing from an intellectual effort to achieve a vision of God by the use of reason to a search for the truth of his own life. In meditation he sought to recall in detail God’s loving leading within the chaos and pain of his youthful desires and throughout his life. I explore his understanding of “God is love” from his earliest (extant) treatise, De beata uita (386 CE), his Easter sermons on First John (415 CE), to his Enchiridion (421 CE) as the core of his developing understanding of God’s activity in himself.
18. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 52 > Issue: 2
Joshua M. Evans Augustine and the Problem of Bodily Desire
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In what sense did Augustine attribute desires to the human body itself? Scholars disagree substantially about how to answer this question, yet it has rarely been treated as anything approaching a scholarly quaestio disputata. Some hold that bodily desire is in principle impossible according to Augustine’s anthropology. Others hold that bodily desire is of marginal significance in Augustine’s system. Still others hold that bodily desire is a central problem in human life according to Augustine. This essay is an intervention intended to prompt further exchange about the interpretation of Augustine’s thought on the issue of bodily desire. To achieve that goal, the essay closely examines two texts from Augustine’s writings against Julian of Eclanum in the early 420s. In book I of De nuptiis et concupiscentia, Augustine argues that the body does have its own desires and they are an extensive problem in human life. Furthermore, in Contra Iulianum we find that Augustine himself responds to three crucial objections that might be raised against my interpretation. In short, late in his life Augustine treated bodily desire as a grave and pervasive problem. The essay does not address his views in his earlier works. As an intervention, the essay inevitably prompts important questions it cannot fully address, especially around Augustine’s philosophy of mind, the development of Augustine’s thought, and the implications of Augustine’s claims about the body for other elements of his theological project. Future investigations will hopefully take up these topics in the scholarly exchange this intervention intends to foster.
19. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 52 > Issue: 2
Zac Settle Labor in a Life of Liturgy: De Opere Monachorum and the Potential of Monastic Labor
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This essay theorizes the interplay between Augustine’s vision of prayer and his theological treatment of labor. In so doing, it articulates some of the broader economic implications of Augustine’s theological system. More particularly, this essay theorizes the conceptual slippage between a prayerful life of Christian existence aimed at the beatific vision and labor properly related to, directed, undertaken, and contextualized. I argue that under the right conditions—conditions similar to those Augustine recognizes in a monastic context, and dissimilar to those fostered in contemporary capitalism—labor can become a modality of prayer. When labor is undertaken in this manner—which is made possible by God’s efficacious grace and the transformative power of the virtues—it is possible for the boundaries between labor and prayer to blur, such that the whole of one’s labor is grafted into one’s larger life of prayer before God. That mode of labor and prayer depends on forms of time, relationality, and selfhood that contrast sharply with typical features of labor undertaken in contemporary capitalism, all of which will be briefly canvased in conclusion.
book review
20. Augustinian Studies: Volume > 52 > Issue: 2
Brian A. Butcher Orthodox Readings of Augustine. Orthodox Christianity and Contemporary Thought
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