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Augustinus

Volume 65, Issue 256/257, Enero/Junio 2020
Spiritalis Homo II: La vivencia de la Espiritualidad Agustiniana

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1. Augustinus: Volume > 65 > Issue: 256/257
Enrique A. Eguiarte B. Preámbulo
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2. Augustinus: Volume > 65 > Issue: 256/257
Vittorino Grossi Presentación
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i. claves de lectura de la obra agustiniana
3. Augustinus: Volume > 65 > Issue: 256/257
Vittorino Grossi Para leer la espiritualidad de san Agustín. Elementos culturales
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The article offers an outline of the context of the classical culture in which Christianity developed in the first three centuries, highlighting the humanistic culture of Seneca, the neo-Pythagorean school of the Sextii and the popular preaching of the Cynical Philosophers. On the other hand, the context of classical culture in Christianity of the 4th and 5th centuries is addressed, to highlight the problems that arose when trying to combine “culture” and Christianity. As an example of this problem, the case of Basil the Great and his Discourse to the young is offered. Subsequently, the article presents a series of open questions about the future of spirituality in relationship with «culture / cultures». The article ends with a discussion about Roman Paideia and the Christian Paideia.
4. Augustinus: Volume > 65 > Issue: 256/257
Vittorino Grossi Para leer la espiritualidad de Agustín. Elementos espirituales
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The article deals with the key ideas to understand S. Augustine’s Spirituality, setting in its context the figure of the postconstatinian saint, and discussing the topic of the degrees of sanctity in Saint Augustine. Later, it deals with the various spiritual phases in the writings of Saint Augustine, dividing the life of the doctor of Hippo in two moments, before and after his priestly ordination, pointing out in the second stage the role and function of the Holy Spirit as love and principle of holiness. The importance of spiritual man in the period of the anti-Pelagian struggle is also revealed. It also explains what is for Saint Augustine the spirituality of the heart.
5. Augustinus: Volume > 65 > Issue: 256/257
Vittorino Grossi Para leer la espiritualidad de Agustín. Elementos antropológicos
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The article offers a synthesis of Augustine’s anthropological thought, pointing out the change he makes in the way of researching after his election to the episcopate, as well as the importance of Platonism in the building of the “Augustinian man”. Thirdly, the article presents his understanding of the God-man relationship, which is made clear from the couple “freedom-grace”. The article affirms that there is a reciprocal interference between these three elements, so that, taken together, they can provide the essential lines of Augustine’s anthropological thought.
ii. espiritualidad conyugal y sexualidad
6. Augustinus: Volume > 65 > Issue: 256/257
Vittorino Grossi El pensamiento de Agustín sobre la vida conyugal y la sexualidad: influencias y equívocos
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The article addresses Augustine’s understanding of human sexuality and the spirituality of the married couple, and has two parts. In the first part, some orientations are given for reading the ancient Christian texts; in the second part, the thought of Saint Augustine on the subject of human sexuality and spirituality of the married couple is exposed. On the other hand, some of the mistakes derived from the Augustinian thought are discussed. The article also presents a current application of the Augustinian thought on sexuality and the spirituality of the married couples in the Contemporary World.
7. Augustinus: Volume > 65 > Issue: 256/257
Vittorino Grossi La espiritualidad agustiniana de la vida conyugal
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The article addresses the spirituality of marriage according to Saint Augustine and has three parts. In the first part, the context of the Roman family institution, in which the Christian vision of the family was born and matured, is presented. Secondly, the presentation of the Christian family in the time of Saint Augustine is made, highlighting the three heterodox currents of that time in relation to marriage, as well as the position of the Bishop of Hippo regarding the body. Subsequently, a presentation of the most significant texts of De Bono coniugali is made. Thirdly, some pastoral observations are presented, starting from the penitential practice of Saint Augustine in relation to the wounded families, to later make a comparison with the contents expressed by Pope Francis in the Apostolic Exhortation Amoris laetitia on the same topic.
8. Augustinus: Volume > 65 > Issue: 256/257
Vittorino Grossi La espiritualidad de la madre de familia: Mónica «mater», imagen de la Iglesia
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The article presents the figure of Monica, mother of Augustine, highlighting her spirituality as a Christian mother, underlining especially three elements. First, the fact that Monica is a middle-class woman, in relationship to women of high social rank, of whom we know the stories, told by Gregory of Nissa, Gregory of Nazianzus or Jerome. Later, the article points out how Monica is the image of the Church, and not just a domestic example of a Christian mother. Finally, the article shows that Monica, as “mother”, plays a role in the society, not only with respect to her children, but also expresses the identity of the mother. In Monica, the woman as “mother” is “subject” of rights, is “uxor” according to Roman law.
iii. espiritualidad de la virgen cristiana y del siervo de dios
9. Augustinus: Volume > 65 > Issue: 256/257
Vittorino Grossi La virgen cristiana en los escritos de Ambrosio y de Agustín
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The article presents the figure of the consecrated virgin, as it appears in the writings of Ambrose of Milan and Augustine of Hippo. It also offers a contextual synthesis of the conditions of women in Late Antiquity, both in civil society, presenting the women as uxor, the situation of the Vestal Virgins, as well as the women’s stituation within the Christian communities. Later a summary of the main Latin patristic writings on virginity is made, to analyze and compare in more detail, Saint Ambrose’s De Virginibus and Saint Augustine’s De sancta Virginitate.
10. Augustinus: Volume > 65 > Issue: 256/257
Vittorino Grossi El servus/serva Dei El monje/monja (frater/soror) agustiniano
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The article approaches the fiuure of the Augustinian monk taking as point of departure some of the Works of Saint Augustine, particularly the Regula ad servos Dei and sermons 354, 355 and 356, to show how Augustine from the initial anthropological category of homo interior-homo exterior –typical from the Latin Christian tradition–, he shifts, already in the Regula ad seruos Dei (probably around 400), to the category of homo spiritalis, in relationship to a spirituality of freedom under the grace of God. From this anthropological perspective, famulus/a seruus/a Dei (= the monk, the virgin) is considered not as “he who tames the flesh”, but rather as “he who loves spiritual beauty”, he who is born of Holy Spirit. The article points out how for Augustine, the monastery must be a place with an atmosphere of freedom and grace that gives life, “not as servants under the law”, but “as free men under grace” (reg. 3 8, 1).
iv. la viuda en la iglesia antigua
11. Augustinus: Volume > 65 > Issue: 256/257
Vittorino Grossi El De viduis, de Ambrosio, y el De bono viduitatis, de Agustín
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The article addresses the figure of Widows in the ancient Church, making a brief summary of the literature that exists on them in the Pre-Nicene era, particularly the Apostolic Traditio, the Didascalia Apostolorum, the Ecclesiastical Constitution of the Apostles (also known as Canons of the Apostles, Egyptian Apostolic Constitution), showing that in the Pre-Nicene Church (1st-2nd centuries), widows were inserted into an ecclesial coetus. Subsequently, the article focuses on Ambrose’s De uiduis, highlighting how the Bishop of Milan inserted the widow into the Church’s life of his time, particularly underlining the works of charity they carried out, stressing their possible work in the reconciliation of women. Later, the treatise of Saint Augustine De bono uiduitatis is addressed, highlighting the role of charity that they exercised within the Church of Hippo, as well as their interaction and integration with the Consecrated Virgins and the Married.
v. espiritualidad del diácono y del obispo
12. Augustinus: Volume > 65 > Issue: 256/257
Vittorino Grossi El diácono y su espiritualidad en los escritos de Agustín de Hipona
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In this article, the figure of the Deacon in the Church of the IV and V Century is presented, starting mainly from the Augustinian sources to reveal fundamentally four elements. In the first place, the fact that the Deacon exercised different functions subordinate to the Bishop. Secondly, the conditions for being accepted in the group of Deacons in the time of Saint Augustine are revealed. Thirdly, the theological and liturgical background of Deacons in Late Antiquity is pointed out. Later, the figure of the Deacon in the Donatist controversy is addressed, and the article ends with some observations on the liturgical clothing of the Deacons.
13. Augustinus: Volume > 65 > Issue: 256/257
Vittorino Grossi La dimensión agustiniana del obispo
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The article presents those elements that were required of a bishop in Late Antiquity, both the cultural elements, as well as the spiritual ones, that he must have as the father of the Christian community. The article reviews some sermons of Augustine of Hippo, particularly those preached on the anniversary of his episcopal consecration (ss. 23; 46; 47; 49; 101; 270; 339; 340A; 355; 356). Such sermons have a particular interest, since they express Augustine’s point of view when interpreting his episcopal ministry in the context of the late Antiquity society, particularly in the Latin area.
14. Augustinus: Volume > 65 > Issue: 256/257
Bibliografía
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