Cover of Philosophy Today
Already a subscriber? - Login here
Not yet a subscriber? - Subscribe here

Browse by:

Displaying: 1-20 of 3099 documents

on political theology
1. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
Arthur Bradley, Elettra Stimilli Introduction: Political Theology 1922–2022?
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
2. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
Arthur Bradley Hobbes’s Medeas: Sparagmos and Political Theology
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This article explores Thomas Hobbes’s political translations of Euripides’s Medea and, particularly, his representation of the Dionysian ritual of killing and dismembering a sacrificial victim (sparagmos). To answer the question of what forms political theology may take in modernity, I contend that Hobbes seeks to reverse the political theological meaning of ancient Greek sparagmos—which was originally depicted in Euripides as a legitimate religious sacrifice whose objective was to reunify the polis—by turning it into a senseless act of political violence that will dissolve the civil state into competing interest groups or body parts. If Hobbes seeks to expel religious sacrifice from his political state into archaic pre-history, however, the article goes on to argue—via Bramhall, Schmitt, and Cavarero’s revisionary readings of his work—that the philosopher’s critique of Medea ends up bestowing a legitimacy upon the tragic heroine that disarticulates the political theological unity upon which his Commonwealth is founded. In the tragic figure of Medea, Dionysian sparagmos returns to dismember and even potentially consume the body parts of the Leviathan.
3. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
Dario Gentili Decision, Choice, Disclosedness: The Neoliberal Use and Neutralization of Carl Schmitt’s Decisionism
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This paper considers whether the category of sovereign “decision,” as it is used in Carl Schmitt’s Political Theology, has analogies with the paradigm of “choice,” as it is theorized in neoliberalism. Both decision and choice belong to that mode of judgement that “cuts” the field of alternatives into two, into two “extreme” alternatives. This mode of judgment not only presupposes the subject of the decision, but also sets up the terms of the choice, clearly indicating the optimal option. For Schmitt, a political decision arises in a “case of necessity”: in the “serious case” of war. And yet, it is precisely the neoliberal depoliticization of war that reduces it to a rule, and every choice fundamentally to a stance for or against. To escape from the neoliberal reduction of political decision in the form of a choice, I examine another mode of decision, absent from Schmitt’s texts: “disclosedness.”
4. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
Elettra Stimilli Political Theology Put to the Test of the Unexpected
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This essay returns to Jacob Taubes’s messianism in order to short-circuit a contemporary political and conceptual impasse between left- and right-wing Schmittianisms. It first seeks to expose the limits of both Schmitt’s originary political theology and post-war Italian Marxist rehabilitations of Schmitt, which, it is argued, remain caught in the same political-ontological matrix. To answer the question of what (if anything) might come after political theology, the essay turns to Jacob Taubes’s “counter-political theology” in order to find an alternative genealogy for modern democracy, not in Schmitt’s Christian conservative hierarchy, but in the antinomian and heretical elements within the Judaeo-Christian tradition. In conclusion, the essay argues that Taubes transforms the political theological impasse and makes possible a new reading of the contemporary political false choice we face between democracy and authoritarianism, liberal pluralism and populism.
5. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
Montserrat Herrero Power as Gift: Derrida’s Political Theology of Sovereignty
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
The article addresses the question of whether Derrida in his political theology can be considered an “unfaithful” reader of Schmitt. While Derrida does not quote Schmitt’s Political Theology, some of his assertions are reminiscent of Schmitt’s disciplinary use of political theology. Indeed, Schmitt’s account of the relationship between exception, decision, and sovereignty was abundantly discussed in Derrida’s last seminar, The Beast and the Sovereign. Derrida attempts in this seminar to deconstruct the sovereignty of the nation-state and its onto-theologico-political foundation. The question I raise in this article is whether, in previous years, Derrida himself had not implicitly made a different political theology that, considering the negative theological path, develops an alternative idea of power. The hypothesis explored is that this alternative paradigm is derived from one of the names of the impossible: the gift.
6. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
Antonio Cerella Power’s Two Bodies: A Critique of Agamben’s Theory of Sovereignty
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This article seeks to problematize Agamben’s interpretation of sovereignty in light of the “archaeological method” he uses in his Homo Sacer project. In contrast to Agamben’s exposition, which treats biopolitics as the original and ontological paradigm of Western politics, the essay discusses how, historically, sovereign power has been conceived as a “double body”—transcendent and immanent, sacred and sacrificial, absolute and perpetual—from whose tension conceptual and political metamorphoses of sovereignty arise. The first attribute of sovereignty—absoluteness, on which Agamben has often focused—should be seen as an ordering and essentially modern function of its second “body”: the perpetuity of power. The article illustrates, then, how the retrospective projections through which the Italian philosopher constructs his ontological reading of sovereignty depend on some logical and epistemological lacunae that characterize his “archaeological method,” which is based, essentially, on an arbitrary use of historical analogies.
7. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
Nader El-Bizri Perspectives on Modern Islamist Political Theology
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This paper addresses the notion of political theology by way of accounting for modern manifestations of transnational Islamism with a particular emphasis on the establishment of theocratic rule through the contemporary political spheres of praxis in Twelver-Shiism (Shīʿa Ithnā-ʿAsharīyya). This is undertaken by way of giving some principal highlights concerning the conceptual aspects that can be accounted for from the standpoint of political theology in the broad context of Islamist fundamentalist movements. A more detailed focus is also presented in this context on the eschatology that underpins the theocracy of contemporary Twelver-Shiism in terms of its religious outlooks on history, and the conduct of its communal affairs along with the organization of its associated politicized institutions.
8. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
Saul Newman Political Theology and the Anthropocene
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
Carl Schmitt’s political theology—which refers to the translation of theological concepts into secular political and legal categories, namely sovereignty and the state of exception—is defined against a background of “metaphysical” constellations where, according to Schmitt, bourgeois individualism and the nihilism of technology have come to dominate the modern age. My argument is that our contemporary age is dominated by a new “metaphysical” constellation—the Anthropocene. This condition—to which the ecological crisis is inextricably related—demands an entirely different kind of political theology to Schmitt’s sovereign-centric and anthropocentric version. As an alternative, I propose a political theology of planetary entanglement and care based on approaches from eco-political theology (Moltmann, Latour, Keller) and animal studies (Deleuze, Agamben, and Ciamatti).
9. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
Iwona Janicka The Janus Face of Cosmopolitics: The Concept of Universality in Isabelle Stengers and Bruno Latour
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
Scholars in multispecies ethnography, the ontological turn, new materialisms, science and technology studies (STS), assemblage urbanism and other movements within the posthumanities broadly considered often treat cosmopolitics, initially proposed by Isabelle Stengers and subsequently taken up by Bruno Latour, as a single coherent concept. However, Stengers’s cosmopolitics differs considerably from Latour’s. The difference is most clearly visible in their contrasting positions on the concept of universality. Even though their divergence on universality could be considered a minor philosophical dispute among intellectual allies, it should not be underestimated. It determines what sort of political practice each of these philosophers envisions with cosmopolitics. Their visions of political practice are substantially different. This article will examine Latour’s and Stengers’s diverging positions on universality, delineate the two types of cosmopolitics, and, finally, analyze what sort of political practice each of these cosmopolitics implies.
10. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
Thomas Byrne The Dawn of the Phenomenology of Feelings
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This essay reshapes our understanding of the origin and trajectory of the phenomenology of feelings. In contrast to accepted interpretations, I show that Husserl’s 1896 manuscript “Approval, Value, and Evidence”—and not his 1901 Logical Investigations—is the foundation of his subsequent phenomenology of feelings as it is found in Lectures on Ethics and Value Theory, Ideas I, and other manuscripts. This is for two reasons. First, in the 1896 manuscript—published in Studies Concerning the Structures of Consciousness—Husserl introduces the core problem, which continues to motivate his philosophy of feelings. He sees that feelings are not just affective, but also surprisingly rational. Second, Husserl addresses this enigmatic duality, by pioneering the method of analogizing, which he would employ for the next twenty years. In sum, I show that the 1896 manuscript introduces the problems and methods, in the absence of which Husserl’s later phenomenology of feelings appears inconceivable.
11. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
Osita Nnajiofor, Maduka Enyimba Conceptual Articulation and the Growth of African Languages
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
We argue in this paper that unveiling of concepts is a viable means of promoting the growth of African languages in contemporary African studies. We show that African languages face serious threat of extinction due to neglect from their users and undue influence of colonial languages. We contend that the ratio of indigenous languages used as official languages compared to colonial languages is poor and despicable. The growth of African languages has been stunted due to the multilingual nature of African continent. It has rendered the languages underdeveloped, thereby limiting their propagation and audience. We demonstrate how conversational thinking aids the growth of African languages and philosophy through conceptual articulation. Conversational thinking whose arumaristic approach aims at creating new thoughts and unveiling new concepts offers African philosophers a robust tool for expanding the vocabularies of African indigenous languages by creating concepts from underexplored African traditional wisdom and clichés.
book reviews
12. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
Sidonie A. I. Kellerer Richard Wolin, Heidegger in Ruins: Between Philosophy and Ideology
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
13. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
Josef Novák Ivan Chvatík and Erin Plunkett, editors, The Selected Writings of Jan Patočka: Care for the Soul, trans. Alex Zucker
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
14. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
Bryan Counter William S. Allen, Adorno, Aesthetics, Dissonance: On Dialectics in Modernity
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
book discussion
15. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
Joel Krueger Ontological Deprivation and the Dark Side of Fūdo: A Commentary on David W. Johnson’s Watsuji on Nature: Japanese Philosophy in the Wake of Heidegger
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
16. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
Steve Lofts An Auseinandersetzung with David W. Johnson’s Watsuji on Nature: Japanese Philosophy in the Wake of Heidegger
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
17. Philosophy Today: Volume > 68 > Issue: 1
David W. Johnson Watsuji on Nature: An Auseinandersetzung with Krueger and Lofts
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
the intersection of black studies and continental philosophy
18. Philosophy Today: Volume > 67 > Issue: 4
Jesús Luzardo, Tyrone S. Palmer Impasse: Black Critical Theory / Continental Philosophy
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
19. Philosophy Today: Volume > 67 > Issue: 4
Eyo Ewara Anti-Racism and Releasement: Anti-Blackness, Thinking, and the Provocation of Gelassenheit
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This paper explores the selective uptake of Martin Heidegger’s work in critical philosophy of race and in black studies. While scholars have drawn from Heidegger’s thinking on technology to offer accounts of the technological production of race in general and of blackness in particular, few have engaged with Heidegger’s response to technology: his discussions of Gelassenheit or “releasement.” This paper analyzes this avoidance of Gelassenheit, arguing that its interpretation as passivity points to broader anxieties about the need to act that are symptomatic of Heidegger’s account of technology itself. These anxieties lead to a potentially damaging tacit prioritization of action at the expense of thought, and a reduction of black people to their value as actors or workers, even among thinkers like Saidiya Hartman who valorize a resistant waywardness.
20. Philosophy Today: Volume > 67 > Issue: 4
Selamawit Terrefe Death Rattle, not Dashikis: Nikki Giovanni’s Black Judgement Meets Hannah Arendt
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
“Death Rattle, not Dashikis: Nikki Giovanni’s Black Judgement Meets Hannah Arendt” presents a critical interdisciplinary perspective on racial formation and modern political thought. Deploying blackness as a principle that simultaneously animates and interrupts the logic of Western political and philosophical thought, the essay contends that the construction of blackness is central to the discursive violence imposed by Western political theory and metaphysics. It argues that the “death rattle” emerging from Giovanni’s Black revolutionary poiesis bears no distinction between creating, knowing, and doing—poiesis, theoria, and praxis. Rather, it calls for the destruction of the theoretical principles organizing the world of its (non)being. In other words, the aporia of Black revolutionary poiesis is its politics. Accordingly, this paper examines what is at stake politically, poetically, and philosophically when modern antiblackness becomes critically foregrounded as a suppressed and hitherto mostly invisible parameter of modern thought.