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Displaying: 1-17 of 17 documents


articles
1. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
Edward M. Engelmann Aristotle’s Syllogystic, Modern Deductive Logic, and Scientific Demonstration
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This article investigates the nature of Aristotelian syllogistics and shows that the categorical syllogism is fundamentally about showing the connection, in the premises of the syllogism, between the major and minor terms as stated in the conclusion. It discusses how this is important for the use of the syllogism in scientific demonstration. The article then examines modern deductive logic with an eye to they way in which it contrasts with Aristotelian syllogistics. It shows howmodern logic is about making necessary connections between each proposition by means of external or second order rules. In the syllogism, on the other hand, the necessity between the premises as a whole unit and the conclusion is based on the internal middle term. The article concludes with a discussion of Günther Patzig’s claim that Aristotelian syllogisms are best thought of as tautological propositions. If this were the case, then the differences asserted to exist between syllogistic and modern logic would not hold. However, it is shown that Patzig’s assimilation of syllogistics to modern deductive logic is illegitimate.
2. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
Adrian Pabst The Primacy of Relation over Substance and the Recovery of a Theological Metaphysics
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This essay concerns the problem of individuation in metaphysics in relation to the question of individuality in politics. It rejects the assumption in muchof ancient, modern, and contemporary philosophy and theology that unity and diversity are opposed and that this opposition produces conflict and violence. Theproposed alternative is a metaphysics and politics of relationality. This alternative is not so much indebted to Aristotle, but instead goes back to Platonist metaphysics and its transformation by Augustine and Boethius. By privileging substance over all other categories, Aristotle not only relegated the transcendent immaterial actuality from the immanence of the material world but also divorced particular beings from the universal Prime Mover or God. By contrast, for Plato, the transcendent universal Good individuates all immanent particulars relationally at the level of the oikos, the polis, and the cosmos. Crucially, by combining the concept of creation ex nihilo with the metaphysics of participation, Augustine and Boethius reconfi gured Plato’s Good in the direction of the Creator-God and Trinitarian relationality. Thus, each and every being is individuated because it is a particular reflection of the universal Good, a unique and singular expression of God’s self-communicative actualization in the world.
3. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
Mariano Crespo Forgiveness and its Healing Effects in the Face of Suffering and Death
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To consider that the nature of forgiveness consists in its healing effects on the forgiver overlooks the distinction between the nature of forgiveness and the question about its desirable effects. What I suggest is that the curing effect of forgiveness is an indirectly intended consequence of forgiveness. To forgive mywrongdoer only because this is the way to gain inner peace or to “heal my soul” shows a somewhat utilitarian view on forgiveness. By forgiving the wrongdoer, thevictim extends an attitude of authentic goodwill toward the offender as a person. However, the one who forgives does not extend this attitude toward the action theoffender performed. We can strongly oppose wrong behavior without opposing wrongdoers as persons.
4. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
Paul Moyaert In Defense of Praying with Images
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The paper argues for a notion of religion that is based on a strong human sense for symbols. Symbols are the natural milieu for religion. I distinguish symbolsfrom signs through the fact that the symbol brings together the elements kept separate in the sign. A symbol does contain something of the force of the realitywhich it represents. With this approach we can look at fides quaerens intellectum in a new light. Moreover, religious images and icons can gain from understanding religion as a symbolic practice. The paper argues that the theological debate on the religious value of icons should not be focused on the tension between the visibility and the invisibility of the divine. Against Marion I argue that touching, rather than seeing, is the core of religious images. People kiss and caress icons. Examples from ordinary life are adduced to illustrate this understanding.
review article
5. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
Anthony J. Lisska On the Revival of Natural Law: Several Books from the Last Half-Decade
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The last third of the twentieth century witnessed a burst of energy by philosophers sorting out the many-faceted claims of natural law theory. Natural law theory, rooted in the Nicomachean Ethics with some modifications by the Stoics, was studied in the twentieth century mainly through the writings of Thomas Aquinas, followed by those of the Salamanca school, which was central to the Second Scholasticism. The horrors of the Second World War and the trials following it, with their charges of “crimes against humanity,” prompted a renewed interested by English-speaking philosophers in natural law jurisprudence. Analytic philosophers followed Elizabeth Anscombe’s urging to venture beyond the limits of early twentieth-century moral philosophy; Alasdair MacIntyre’s writings buttressed the return to ethical naturalism; John Finnis’s “new natural law” theory also contributed to this renaissance. These many avenues form the conceptual backdrop to the eight books reviewed in this essay.
discussion
6. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
Patrick Toner Thomas versus Tibbles: A Critical Study of Christopher Brown’s Aquinas and the Ship of Theseus
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In his recent book, Aquinas and the Ship of Theseus, Christopher Brown has argued that the metaphysics of St. Thomas is preferable to contemporary analyticviews because it can solve the “problem of material constitution” (PMC) without requiring us to relinquish any of the common-sense beliefs that generate that problem. In this critical study, I show that in the case of both substances and aggregates, Brown’s Aquinas endorses views that are extremely implausible. Consequently, even if it is granted that the solutions to the PMC fall right out of his views, it is still not clear that this gives us reason to prefer his ontology to its competitors. I also consider Brown’s take on the status of the human being after death.
7. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
Christopher M. Brown Souls, Ships, and Substances: A Response to Toner
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I do four things in responding to Patrick Toner’s incisive critique of my Aquinas and the Ship of Theseus (AST). First, I further motivate Aquinas’s position that Socrates exists in the post-mortem and ante-resurrection state by noting that Socrates’ situation is at least analogous to other states of affairs that would certainly count as atypical (although not impossible). Secondly, I offer a revised Thomistic account of artefact identity through time in light of Toner’s objections to Aquinas’srestrictive view. Unlike the restrictive view, this revised account is compatible with common-sense intuitions. Thirdly, I show how my defense of Aquinas’s substance metaphysic in AST is useful for the purpose of constructing defeators for certain kinds of arguments for reductionism. Fourthly, I defend Aquinas’s views on the unity of substance against Toner’s suggestion that they are implausible on the grounds that they are in conflict with certain so-called “scientifically informed”common-sense beliefs.
book reviews
8. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
William A. Frank From the Nature of Mind to Personal Dignity: The Significance of Rosmini’s Philosophy
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9. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
Giuseppe Butera The First Grace: Rediscovering the Natural Law in a Post-Christian World
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10. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
Yiftach J. H. Fehige Living with Darwin: Evolution, Design, and the Future of Faith
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11. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
Nicolas De Warren Edmund Husserl: Founder of Phenomenology
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12. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
Ian Leask Levinas and the Greek Tradition
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13. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
Gregory B. Sadler Thinking: From Solitude to Dialogue and Contemplation
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14. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
Joseph P. Lawrence Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom
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15. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
Vincent M. Colapietro The Task of the Interpreter: Text, Meaning, and Negotiation
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books received
16. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
Books Received
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contents of volume
17. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 81 > Issue: 4
Contents of Volume 81
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