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Essays in Philosophy

Volume 8
Civil Disobedience

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Displaying: 1-20 of 35 documents


editor’s introduction
1. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 2
John Scott Gray Can Civil Disobedience Work in the Age of Globalization?
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essays
2. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 2
Hourya Bentouhami Civil Disobedience from Thoreau to Transnational Mobilizations: The Global Challenge
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Until very recently, civil disobedience, being a deliberate infraction of the law which is politically or morally motivated, was logically interpreted by theorists as a practice rooted in the state, since the source of positive law was primarily the State. But in the context of today’s globalization, the diversification of sources of power, the emergence of international laws or rules, or simply the obsoleteness of viewing the government as a juridical model, lead one to question the relevance of resorting to civil disobedience. Indeed, its strategic minimalism, which consists of non-cooperation, passive resistance or non-violence, in addition to its relative acceptance of the State and the legal framework of its discourse, seem to make civil disobedience unable to face the “global challenge” that any emancipatory movement has to confront if it wants to be efficient. This paper thus proposes a new conception of civil disobedience inspired by Nancy Fraser’s theory of “abnormal justice”, so as to take into account the transversal nature of social contestation.
3. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 2
Piero Moraro Violent Civil Disobedience and Willingness to Accept Punishment
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It is still an open question whether or not Civil Disobedience (CD) has to be completely nonviolent. According to Rawls, “any interference with the civil liberties of others tend to obscure the civilly disobedient quality of one's act”. From this Rawls concludes that by no means can CD pose a threath to other individuals' rights. In this paper I challenge Rawls' view, arguing that CD can comprise some degree of violence without losing its “civil” value. However, I specify that violence must not be aimed at seriously injuring, or even killing, other individuals. This would contravene the communicative aspect of CD. The main claim is that what really is important is that the civil disobedients be willing to accept the punishment following their law-breaking behaviour. By doing so, they demonstrate the conscientiousness of their civilly disobedient action. This also shows that they are aiming for future cooperation with the State, and are expecting the State to be sensitive to their concern for the principles of justice.
4. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 2
Steven Schroeder All Things New: On Civil Disobedience Now
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discussions
5. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 2
Alan Soble Comments on “Good Sex on Kantian Grounds, or A Reply to Alan Soble,” or A Reply to Joshua Schulz
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6. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 2
Joshua Schulz Good Sex on Kantian Grounds, or A Reply to Alan Soble
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Immanuel Kant offers definitions of “sexual desire” and “sexual use” in the Metaphysics of Morals that occasion an inconsistency within his moral system, for they entail that sexual desire, as a natural inclination that is conditionally good, is also categorically objectifying, and thus per se immoral according to the second formulation of the Categorical Imperative. Following Alan Soble, various attempts to resolve the inconsistency are here criticized before more suitable, and suitably Kantian, definitions of these terms are offered. It is argued that these new definitions resolve the inconsistency.
book reviews
7. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 2
Robert Barnard Review of Beyond Justification: Dimensions of Epistemic Evaluation, by William P. Alston
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8. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 2
David Boersema Review of Rights from Wrongs, by Alan Dershowitz
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9. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 2
L. Sebastian Purcell Review of The Continental Ethics Reader, ed. Matthew Calarco and Peter Atterton
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10. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 2
Eric Rovie Review of Ethics: Twelve Lectures on the Philosophy of Morality, by David Wiggins
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11. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 2
Miguel Martinez-Saenz Review of On Education, by Harry Brighouse
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12. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 2
Constantine Sandis Review of Philosophy of History: A Guide for Students, by M.C. Lemon
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13. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 2
Steven Schroeder Review of Heidegger and the Politics of Poetry, by Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe
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editor’s introduction
14. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 1
Steven Schroeder Introduction to Volume 8, Number 1
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essays
15. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 1
Shyam Ranganathan Philosophy of Language, Translation Theory and a Third Way in Semantics
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In this paper I address anew the problem of determinacy in translation by examining the Western philosophical and translation theoretic traditions of the last century. Translation theory and the philosophy of language have largely gone their separate ways (the former opting to rebrand itself as “translation studies” to emphasize its empirical and anti-theoretical underpinnings). Yet translation theory and the philosophy of language predominantly share a common assumption that stands in the way of determinate translation. It is that languages, not texts, are the objects of translation and the subjects of semantics. The way to overcome the theoretical problems surrounding the possibility and determinacy of translation is to marry the philosopher of language’s concern for determinacy and semantic accuracy in translation with the notion of a “text-type” from the translation theory literature. The resulting theory capable of explaining determinacy in translation is what I call the text-type conception of semantics (TTS). It is a novel alternative to the salient positions of Contextualism and Semantic Minimalism in the contemporary philosophy of language.
16. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 1
Matthew Crippen The Totalitarianism of Therapeutic Philosophy: Reading Wittgenstein Through Critical Theory
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17. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 1
Christopher Kelen Finding the Foreign Space of Poetry: In the Wood Where Things Have No Name
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18. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 1
Elvis Buckwalter Lacan: An Adapted Approach to Postmodern Language
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The following paper sets out to highlight the interconnectedness between philosophy and language through a demonstration on how Lacanian psychoanalysis can add texture to literary analysis. Because discourse is in constant flux, it is only natural that adapting a suitably compatible interpretive methodology becomes the norm for the study of language and literature. Unfortunately, adjusting one’s methods of literary critique according to the type of text to be analyzed is far from common practice. In the hopes that this issue might be discussed in further depth, this paper argues that a psychoanalytical approach to literary analysis is particularly well-adapted for the postmodern genre.
19. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 1
Robert M. Harnish Frege on Direct Quotation
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In a single short passage in "On Sense and Reference" Frege outlines his conception of direct quotation wherein words must not be taken as having their customary reference, but rather refer to the words themselves or the words of another speaker. What unifies these uses? What is the logical form of direct quotation sentences, and what is their analysis? How does this view fit in with Frege's general semantics? How far can it be extended? What problems does it face? We explore, if not completely answer, each of these questions."It can also happen, however, that one wishes to talk about the words themselves or their sense. This happens, for instance, when the words of another are quoted. One's own words then first designate words of the other speaker, and only the latter have their usual reference. We then have signs of signs. In writing, the words are in this case enclosed in quotation marks. Accordingly, a word standing between quotation marks must not be taken as having its ordinary reference," ("On Sense and Reference", 144)The above quotation contains virtually everything Frege has to say about quotation and it raises a number of issues --some terminological, some substantive. First, note that in the passage cited, Frege opens with a discussion of quotation in general ("talk about"), then ends with the specific case of quotation marks in writing. Most discussions of Frege have concentrated on quotation marks in writing, and we shall do so here, but ultimately a Fregean account will have to be more general, a point we will return to later. Second, Frege speaks of words enclosed in quotation marks as about "the words themselves" and also as about "words of another speaker". But as we will see, these need not be the same. However, because Frege moved so easily between them he may have thought that referring to the words themselves is involved in reporting the words of another speaker. At least this is an idea we will exploit later, but first some terminology.
20. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 8 > Issue: 1
Keith Green, Richard Kortum Can Frege’s Farbung Help Explain the Meaning of Ethical Terms?
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In this paper we reach back to an earlier generation of discussions about both linguistic meaning and moral language to answer the still-current question as to whether and in what way some special non-descriptive feature comprises part of the semantics of identifiably ethical terms. Taking off from the failure of familiar meta-ethical theories, restricted as they are to the Fregean categories of Sense and Force (whether singly or in combination), we propose that one particular variety belonging to Frege’s humble semantic category of Farbung –– what Dummett calls Tone –– holds the key. Specifically, the kinds of expressions that Dummett dubs “expressives”, when properly understood as representing a speaker’s sentiment, solve the mystery not only of moral discourse, but of evaluative language, broadly construed. On this basis we account for moral language’s special relation to action motivation in ways that avoid Moore’s paradox and honor, in unasserted contexts, what Geach calls ‘the Frege point’. Commitments to the public and social character of natural language are also respected.