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1. The Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 114 > Issue: 6
Andy Demfree Yu Logic for Alethic Pluralists
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There have been few attempts to answer the twin challenges for alethic pluralists to maintain standard accounts of the logical operators and of logical consequence in a sufficiently systematic and precise way. In this paper, I propose an account of logic and semantics on behalf of pluralists that answers both challenges in a sufficiently systematic and precise way. Crucially, the account accommodates mixed atomics, and its first-order extension also accommodates quantified sentences. Accordingly, pluralists can answer all the distinctively logical challenges for their view.
2. The Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 114 > Issue: 6
Anna Mahtani The Ex Ante Pareto Principle
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The concept of ‘pareto superiority’ plays a central role in ethics, economics, and law. Pareto superiority is sometimes taken as a relation between outcomes, and sometimes as a relation between actions—even where the outcomes of the actions are uncertain. Whether one action is classed as (ex ante) pareto superior to another depends on the prospects under the actions for each person concerned. I argue that a person’s prospects (in this context) can depend on how that person is designated. Without any constraints on acceptable designators, then, the concept of pareto superiority is ill defined and gives inconsistent results. I consider various ways of completing the definition and draw out some surprising implications.
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3. The Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 114 > Issue: 6
Tyler Burge Noam Chomsky: What Kind of Creatures Are We?
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