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Displaying: 1-20 of 24 documents


1. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 2
David Kwon Human Security: Revisiting Michael Schuck’s Augustinian and Kenneth Himes’s Thomistic Approaches to Jus Post Bellum
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There is a growing discussion of the idea of jus post bellum (jpb) and what it means as an addition to just war thinking. This essay connects jpb to the thought of Augustine and Aquinas, so that jpb appears as integral in that tradition. To make this case, I argue that achieving jpb is key to building a just peace, of which the fundamental characteristic must be human security, and thus defines two approaches to the study of human security that emerges from the theological development of jpb ethics: Michael Schuck’s Augustinian and Kenneth Himes’s Thomistic jpb conceptions. I argue that they both emphasize the importance of human security, as shown by their arguments for building humanitarian norms post bellum, but have different aims and jpb moral implications.
2. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 2
James Calvin Davis Privilege as Moral Vice: A Christian Ethical Perspective on Socio-Economic Inequality and Higher Education in the US
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The admissions cheating scandal illustrated how colleges and universities in the US depend upon and reinforce socio-economic privilege. The first part of this paper uses a Reformed Christian approach to moral virtue to analyze privilege in higher education as an ethical problem. Understanding privilege as moral vice clarifies the relationships between practices, attitudes, and intentions we associate with privilege. The second part of this paper contrasts ethical frameworks prominent in the discourse on higher education with a commitment to the common good. Within an ethics of the common good, privilege’s function as vice becomes clear, as does its deleterious effect on US higher education’s “original intent.” Ultimately, cultivation of a “character of inclusion” is the necessary antidote to the vice of privilege, to realign higher education with its historic responsibility to the common good of a just society.
3. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 2
Brittany Foutz From Religion and Resources to Conflict: the Yazidis and ISIS
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The Yazidis, surely one of the most unknown communities in the Middle East, made it to the front page of international media in 2014 when the Dáesh added them to their long list of victims. However, it was not the first time in history that this community suffered direct attacks and discrimination for their religion. On October 5, Iraq celebrated the award of the Nobel Peace Prize to one of its citizens, Nadia Murad, awarded for her fight against the use of sexual violence as a weapon in armed conflict. With this, Murad placed her people, the Yazidis, a religious minority in northern Iraq, in the center of hundreds of articles in the international press. Murad was also the first Kurd to win the award, which made her, as stated by the leader of the Kurdistan National Party, a symbol of firmness for Kurdish women and youth.
4. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 2
Sean Byrne, Ashleigh Cummer Understanding Peacebuilding in Derry/Londonderry, Northern Ireland: A View From Grassroots Peacebuilders
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Two qualitative data sets from 2010 and 2016 are compared to explore the respondents’ perceptions of peacebuilding in the wake of the 1998 Belfast Agreement (BA) and the ensuing peace process. Fifty-two Civil Society Organization (CSO) leaders from Londonderry/Derry were interviewed during the summer of 2010 to delve into their perceptions of the BA, and building cross community contact through peacebuilding and reconciliation processes. The International Fund for Ireland and the European Union Peace Fund funded these respondents CSO peacebuilding projects. They held many viewpoints on peacebuilding. Seven grassroots peacebuilders from Derry/Londonderry were interviewed in 2016. These peacebuilders revealed that Northern Ireland has a long way to go to build an authentic and genuine peace. A key stumbling block to the Northern Ireland peace process is heightened societal segregation that results from the BA institutionalizing sectarianism, and the recent fallout from Brexit. Politicians continue to refuse addressing the past that has long-term implications for peace.
5. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 2
Colleen Cross The Liberating Promise of Crucified Hope: A Theological Response to the Central American Migration Crisis
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The work of liberation theologians, notably Jon Sobrino, has sought to give expression to Christian hope and the eschatological promise of the Kingdom from the context of the poor, the suffering, and the oppressed of history. From these contexts develops an understanding of Christian hope as a distinctly ‘crucified hope,’ emerging from both the sacrificial gift and the scandal of the cross. Building on Sobrino, this article develops an understanding of ‘crucified hope’ from the context of the current migration crisis, arguing that this hope begins where human optimism ends. Trust in the promise of the resurrection to which the Christian community witnesses empowers the crucified to respond to radical injustice and suffering. ‘Crucified hope’ thus shifts the focus of hope from the larger Christian community, participating in taking the crucified down from their crosses, to the crucified themselves and their actions of self-liberation.
book reviews
6. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 2
Rand Herz Education in the Arab World, by Serra Kirdar
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7. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 2
Ellen Elias-Bursać The Investigator: Demons of the Balkan War, by Vladimír Dzuro
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8. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 2
CL Nash No More Bruises: What We Don’t Know About Domestic Violence Can Kill Us
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9. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 2
Benjamin Peters The Radical Gospel of Bishop Thomas Gumbleton, by Peter Feuerherd
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10. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 2
John F. Reuwer South Sudan’s Civil War, Violence, Insurgency, and Failed Peacemaking, by John Young
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11. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 2
Contributors
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12. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1
Joshua R. Snyder Should Transitional Justice Promote Forgiveness?: Insights from Guatemala’s Recovery of Historical Memory Project
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Over the past thirty years, transitional justice scholars have grappled with whether, and to what extent, post-conflict societies should foster forgiveness. In response to this question, this article argues that forgiveness is a legitimate goal of transitional justice, but that interpersonal forgiveness cannot be mandated by the government. It will look to the example of Guatemala to demonstrate how the recovery of narrative truth through individual and communal acts of remembrance enabled forgiveness while at the same time affirmed the need for justice. The article proceeds in two parts. First, it explores the praxis of forgiveness and the role of narrative truth and the healing of memory as constitutive elements of forgiveness. Second, it argues that Guatemala’s Recovery of Historical Memory Project (REMHI) is an illustration of this praxis. Finally, this article argues against conceptions of forgiveness that promote forgetting the past and forgoing justice.
13. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1
Leonardo Luna, Sean Byrne The Conflict Between the Indigenous Nasa Community and the Colombian Government: A Social Cubism Analysis
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14. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1
Izzeddin Hawamda Systemic Influences of Newcomer Violence in Canada
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As a result of the perception that newcomer youths are inherently dangerous, there is a limited understanding of the systemic factors in Canadian society that contribute to newcomer youths susceptibility to involvement in criminal activity or violence. Therefore, there is also limited information about what can be done to better support newcomer youths that are vulnerable to involvement in dangerous or illegal activity. It is my contention that while existing research is valuable in that it discusses how family, education, and community impact newcomer youth violence, the degree to which these factors are systemic is under-represented. In order to adequately intervene and prevent newcomer youth violence and criminal activity it is necessary to avoid demonizing the individual and, instead, focus on holding public policy accountable and changing social, political, and economic systems.
15. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1
Julie Putnam Hart Pathways to Pacifism and Antiwar Activism among US Veterans: the Role of Moral Identity in Personal Transformation
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16. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1
Kristen Urban Judaism, Christianity & Islam In Dialogue: The Creation Narrative, the Individual & Inner Peace
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While most studies on the Abrahamic religions focus on the community of believers, this paper explores aspects of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam that foster “peace within” for the individual believer. It brings all three traditions into conversation with one another and is grounded in the understanding that the believer must find inner peace before s/he can make peace with the larger world. Given that Jews, Christians, and Muslims share a common spiritual ancestor Abraham, this study draws upon their theological narratives of the Creation Story, which highlights understandings of God and His relationship with humankind. For the believer, this relationship aids in the validation of others and fosters self-discovery in ways that lead to empowerment, helping the believer to find that small space in her wide-awake world where she can act.
17. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1
Patrick Henry Mysticism Among the Activists: Dorothy Day and Daniel Berrigan
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book reviews
18. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1
Samer Abboud The Identitarians: The Movement Against Globalism and Islam in Europe
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19. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1
Laurie Gagne Plowshares: Protest, Performance and Religious Identity in the Nuclear Age
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20. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1
Rand Herz Radical Conflict: Essays on Violence, Intractability, and Communication
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