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Displaying: 1-20 of 21 documents


1. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 2
Andrew Kim Empathy as a Corrective to Pseudospeciation: On the Role of Noncombatant Immunity in the Just War Ethic
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The value and practicality of in bello discrimination in the context of “modern war” has been the subject of much scholarly debate. This essay analyzes in bello discrimination within the framework of the just war ethic in conversation with these contemporary concerns. In addition to analyzing objections frequently brought to bear on the feasibility of practicing in bello discrimination, this essay emphasizes the role of empathy as a corrective to pseudospeciation if violations of noncombatant immunity are to be reduced.
2. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 2
Leonardo Luna, Sean Byrne Protestant Christian Churches in Colombia and the Debate on Family and the Gender Ideology: From Congregations’ Identity to the Colombian Peace Process
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The gender perspective theory is a framework that assists Peace and Conflict Studies (PACS) scholars and practitioners to develop less violent and more equal societies. In Colombia, this theory is under attack from Protestant Christian churches that have produced the category of gender ideology to delegitimize the gender perspective. In this article, we analyse the narratives used by members of the Protestant Christian churches and conservative political leaders in Colombia to create the category of gender ideology. This new concept became a central element both in forging the identity of Protestant Christian congregations and in opposing the peace agreement reached by the Colombian government and FARC guerrillas. We discuss how family plays a significant role in the development of the gender ideology. Finally, we contend that gender ideology is a social category that is gaining ground in legal and academic circles in Colombia, forming an identity for Christian conservatives centered in a Manichean world that excludes people who traditionally have been marginalized in Colombian society.
3. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 2
Robert Perry Intervention Research: Attitudes to ‘Peace Education’ and ‘Integrated Education’ in Northern Ireland: the views of Primary School and Secondary School Principals and Head Teachers
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The 1998 Good Friday Agreement (GFA) brought an end to conflict in Northern Ireland (NI). However, the peace process has not brought about the reconciliation which many had hoped for. The purpose of this article is to consider the role of ‘peace education’ and ‘integrated education’ in fostering reconciliation in Northern Ireland. My research contains the views of primary school and secondary school principals and head teachers to ‘peace education’ and ‘integrated education’ in Northern Ireland. The research is positioned in the tradition of previous research literature and contemporary concerns relating to integrated education and the Shared Education Bill that was passed by the Northern Ireland Assembly on the 8th March 2016. My research adds to the emerging knowledge in the area and offers an insight on the attitudes of educators in Northern Ireland to ‘peace education’ and ‘integrated education’. It also engages with ‘interventionist research’. This paper is written from the point of view that genuine and effective ‘peace education’ requires ‘integrated education’ where children from diverse backgrounds are educated together every day in the same classrooms.
4. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 2
Immaculee Harushimana “Peace Resides in the Stomach”: Cultural Linguistic Interpretation of Burundi’s Intractable Conflict
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Applied linguists and anthropologists tend to agree on the interplay between language and culture in the study of society; yet, language and culture are seldom evoked to understand crises in human relations, such as interethnic wars. Drawing from some examples of naming practices and proverbs, this paper will analyze Burundians’ perceptions of peace (amahoro) or peace-related concepts, such as calm (umutekano), or unity (ubumwe). Two major theories, i.e., Galtung’s theory of negative and positive peace, and Danesh’s Integrative Theory of Peace, provide the framework for the discussion. Critical discourse analysis is applied to the content of folkloric genres, namely proverbial uses and (children) name choices to demonstrate that: (1) Burundians as a society do not have a culturally grounded peace expectation, (2) Rather, Burundian society has been built on the core principle of sharing and hospitality, which are also at the core of harmony and peace; and (3) a climate of mutual distrust and suspicion has always prevailed in Burundi regardless of ethnic rivalries. The conclusion supports the proposition that, as predicted in the nation’s folkloric literature, the restoration of peace and harmony cannot happen unless the practices of sharing and hospitality are reinstated and respected.
5. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 2
Robert Chrismas, Sean Byrne The Evolving Peace and Conflict Studies Discipline
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This discussion paper draws on previous literature, and new primary research into human trafficking and sexual exploitation, outlining how the discipline of Peace and Conflict Studies (PACS) has evolved over the past fifty years. The discipline has moved through the following six distinct schools of thought: (1) Peace Studies (disarmament, nonviolence), (2) Conflict Management (ADR), (3) Conflict Resolution (problem solving, human needs), (4) Conflict Transformation (reconciliation, local people’s culture), (5) Peace and Conflict Studies (peacebuilding), and (6) Critical and Emancipatory Peacebuilding (the local people’s resiliency, and social justice). While these PACS eras can be distinguished, there is also considerable overlap between them. This paper explores some of those definable periods.
book reviews
6. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 2
Daniel J. Holmes Religion, Tradition, and Restorative Justice in Sierra Leone
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7. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 2
Anne Patricia Minicozzi The Joy of Religious Pluralism: A Personal Journey
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8. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 2
Margarita M. Rose Bound by Conflict: Dilemmas of the Two Sudans
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9. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 2
Paul Sheldon Pathways to Pacifism and Antiwar Activism among U.S. Veterans: The Role of Moral Identity in Personal Transformation
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10. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 2
Mark A. Wilson Ethics for Peacebuilders: A Practical Guide
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11. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 2
Contributors
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12. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 1
Candler Hallman Hope and Temporality in the Irish Long Peace
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Throughout the Northern Irish Peace Process, there has been a conflict over how the state should support those affected by the conflict colloquially referred to as the Troubles. In this paper I use ethnographic research to argue that protest against the peace process is made meaningful through different temporal constructions of hope—what and how individual activists view as the future moral good. Hoping is a cultural and political practice with which individuals orient themselves to one another and to different political events, particularly contests over reconciliation and support payments. Understanding how the act and the ethics of hoping fit into different religious and secular narratives is a way of understanding the complex role of religious belief in giving meaning to political action. This approach also reorients peace activists towards the victim as a future-oriented agent, and not only a subject of past violence.
13. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 1
Sean Byrne, Robert C. Mizzi, Nancy Hansen Living in a Liminal Peace: Where is the Social Justice for LGBTQ and Disability Communities Residing in Post Peace Accord Northern Ireland?
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14. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 1
Binoy Kampmark On ASIO’s Advice: The ‘procedural trap’ and Refugees in Indefinite Detention
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This paper assesses the approach to indefinite detention adopted by the Australian government, suggesting that it is a product of incremental reasoning favouring procedure over observing substantive rights. Specific emphasis is given to the category of detainees deemed to be refugees, but assessed as a pressing security threat. The United Nations Human Rights Committee has found such approaches in violation of international law. Disproportionate measures, it is argued, have been taken regarding such a class of refugees, in direct violation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The trend towards such detention, however, is an international one, a security trend that defers legal judgment to that of the executive in what can be termed a form of governmentality in action. That trend received considerable impetus from the post-September 11, 2001 detention regime in Guantánamo Bay.
15. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 1
David E. DeCosse The Equality of Freedom and Catholic Public Theology in the United States: The Context of the Question
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16. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 1
Surulola Eke Understanding Oppression, Theorizing its Reproduction, & Forecasting its End
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Oppression is a universal experience even though many agents and targets are oblivious of their roles. The unconsciousness of the oppressed and dominated individuals and some of those who are responsible for their dehumanizing experiences ensure that the phenomenon is unseen, hence unchallenged. Not only does the lack of awareness keep the oppressed submerged in this reality, but also prevents them from seeing how their response to oppression may help to perpetuate the system. Therefore, the first step in breaking the cycle of oppression in which people are entrapped is to walk with the oppressed to a point where their own enlightenment is possible. This walk which will bring the reality of oppression to the consciousness of the oppressed is what will also neutralize the phenomenon’s power of self-reproduction.
book reviews
17. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 1
Emily Sawicki-Barone Drones and the Future of Armed Conflict: Ethical, Legal, and Strategic Implications
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18. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 1
Rand Herz Ecological Politics
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19. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 1
Irina Subotić Humor and Nonviolent Struggle in Serbia
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20. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 27 > Issue: 1
Jeff Aguiar Peace Education in a Conflict-Affected Society: An Ethnographic Journey
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