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Displaying: 1-6 of 6 documents

1. Res Philosophica: Volume > 99 > Issue: 4
Juan Garcia Torres Carlos Vaz Ferreira on Freedom and Determinism
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Carlos Vaz Ferreira argues that the problem of freedom is conceptually distinct from the problem of causal determinism. The problem of freedom is ultimately a problem regarding the ontologically independent agency of a being, and the problem of determinism is a problem regarding explanations of events or acts in terms of the totality of their antecedent causal conditions. As Vaz Ferreira sees it, failing to keep these problems apart gives rise to merely apparent but unreal puzzles pertaining to the nature of freedom and its relation to determinism. In this article, I present my interpretation of Vaz Ferreira’s distinctive ideas regarding the nature of freedom and its relation to casual determinism.
2. Res Philosophica: Volume > 99 > Issue: 4
Sahana V. Rajan Throwing the Baby Out with the Bathwater: The Dangers of Global and Local Ontologies in Scientific Metaphysics
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In the recent years, attempts to relate metaphysics and sciences have taken various alternative forms such as metaphysics applied to science, metaphysics of science, and scientific metaphysics. In this article, I focus on scientific metaphysics and specifically explore the challenges with developing ontologies through four arguments. The Argument from Representational Indeterminacy highlights that global ontologies fail to clearly identify their target phenomenon. The Argument from Independent Inaccessibility explores the methodological difficulty of accessing a world that is independent of specific sets of phenomena. The Argument from Conceptual Mismatch focuses on the tendency of local ontologies to pick out arbitrary scientific concepts, adapting them to study phenomena where they might not fit well. Finally, the Argument from Eliminative Prophecy details the possibility that local ontologies could eventually be rendered redundant by mature versions of scientific theories. In the end, given these challenges, I recommend an eliminativist stance toward ontology development.
3. Res Philosophica: Volume > 99 > Issue: 4
Kurt Blankschaen Are Mass Shooters a Social Kind?
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On April 20, 1999, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold shot and killed fifteen people at their high school in Columbine, Colorado. National media dubbed the event a “school shooting.” The term grimly expanded over the next several years to include similar events at army bases, movie theaters, churches, and nightclubs. Today, we commonly use the categories “mass shooter” and “mass shooting” to organize and classify information about gun violence. I will argue that neither category is an effective tool for reducing gun violence and use empirical data to show how these categories perpetuate a moral panic that harms already vulnerable demographics. I conclude that we should instead favor a narrower description of individuals and events, (e.g., “X shot Y people at Z”) because we can talk about all the relevant cases without contributing the undue harms.
4. Res Philosophica: Volume > 99 > Issue: 4
Mona Simion Sosa on Permissible Suspension and the Proper Remit of the Theory of Knowledge
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5. Res Philosophica: Volume > 99 > Issue: 4
Allan Hazlett The Aim of Suspension
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6. Res Philosophica: Volume > 99 > Issue: 4
Ernest Sosa On Epistemic Explanations: Response to Two Critics
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