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analysis of semiotic concepts
1. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
John Deely Semiosis and ‘meaning as use’: The indispensability and insufficiency of subjectivity in the action of signs
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Thematic development of semiotics proves to be a transformative event for intellectual culture, manifesting itself to begin with in its reshaping of the usage ofmany philosophical terms in their refl ection of mainstream modern philosophy as its influence has sedimented down the level of ordinary language, i.e., today’s common speech. Central among these terms are subject and object as modern usage has established their sense, a sense which proves incompatible with the understanding of things that is emerging from the cenoscopic analysis of the being and action of signs. In particular also the term ‘relation’, surely among the most widely used and least analysed terms of philosophy today, proves upon semiotic analysis to require a whole new understanding of the subjectivity/objectivity and object/thing distinctions as they have come to be more or less “settled” in modern usage. This essay explores the implications for such usage consequent upon the postmodern development of semiotics as the “doctrine” or “cenoscopic science” of signs.
2. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
John Deely Семиозис и «значение как употребление»: необходимость и недостаточность субъективности при знаковом воздействии
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3. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
John Deely Semioos ja “tähendus kui kasutus”: subjektiivsuse moodapääsmatus ja ebapiisavus märkide toimimises
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4. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
Rahman Veisi Hasar Symptom without transcendental syntax
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This paper aims at investigating the Freudian symptom as an individual anti-language involved in a semiotic antagonism towards the internal logonomic system. In Freudian-Lacanian psychoanalysis, the symptom is interpreted according to transcendental and atemporal principles. Leaving aside these principles, we argue for a social semiotic approach in which the meaning of symptom is determined by its antagonistic relationship to the logonomic system, and also by its converted link with the repressed object in a specific socio-cultural context. The symptomatic antagonism is marked by a hypocritical and ambivalent relationship with the logonomic system and the repressed entity. The duplicitous semiosis of the symptom refers to rhetorical transformations made to reach a compromise between the contradictory poles of the law and the forbidden phenomenon. As regards the relation of the symptom to subjectivity, the symptom emerges as a conjuncture in which the subject of statement is related to the subject of speaking in a confl icting way. Accordingly, the former as the replica of a legisign-subjectivity is related symptomatically to the latter as a mere sinsign not preceded by any ideological subjectivity. The symptom is like a hinge on which the opposing doors, namely consciousness and unconsciousness, turn. Finally, the case of Little Hans will be analysed proceeding from the antagonistic aspects of symptom.
5. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
Rahman Veisi Hasar Симптом без трансцендентального синтаксиса
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6. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
Rahman Veisi Hasar Sümptom transtsendentaalse süntaksita
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7. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
Peet Lepik (Religious) belief and atheism from a semiotic viewpoint
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The article attempts to give a semiotic definition of the intellectual attributes of belief (in its broader sense), religious belief and atheism, treating all three ofthem as sign systems – cultural languages.To define the formal structure of the phenomenon of religion, five aspects of the corresponding communicative act should be considered – the orientational,the sign-creating, the cognitive, the teleological and the energetic ones. Belief as an orientational act cannot be treated without including autocommunication: the I-you relation is accompanied by the I-I relation in the form of vertical and horizontal topological imaginations. The sign-creating aspect of belief is expressed, on the one hand, in the performative characteristics of utterances (utterance = act) and, on the other hand, in symbolic mnemonic programming. As a cognitive act, communication typical of belief is mythological, expressing identification with the addressee and the subjective eternity of the relation. Teleologically, belief is connected with the existential projection; energetically we treat belief as energeia – the creative force of man. Relying on the Scriptures and theological literature (mainly the works of Paul Tillich), the article analyses the appearance of all these communicative characteristics in religious sign-creating.Atheism as negation of God is formally an antithetic structure of thinking, which is characterized by the symmetry of the antithetic plus-side with the intellectual characteristics of the minus-side. Based on the characteristics of belief, it is particularly interesting to observe how Marx (and his disciples) have “furnishedˮ the orientational, teleological and energetic characteristics of atheism, and how the dedicative structure of thinking has also given birth to earthly gods.
8. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
Peet Lepik (Религиозная) вера и атеизм с семиотической точки зрения
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9. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
Peet Lepik (Religioosne) usk ja ateism semiootilisest vaatepunktist
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10. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
Leonid Tchertov On spatial modelling
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Spatial modelling concerns both the case when spatial structures have a modelling function and the case when such structures become modelled objects. Inthe article, spatial models are considered as the means of human activity in both external and internal aspects. External spatial models are tangible objects which have structural similarity with something different from them and can represent it for a subject. These external models can be interpreted on various mental levels: sensorial, perceptual, apperceptual and conceptual ones. Each of them is connected with a peculiar way of internal modelling. Both external and internal spatial models can have a productive or a reproductive character, which depends on whether they serve as patterns for reproduction or if they are copies of originals. It is possible to consider external models as spatial texts if they can be divided into a plane of expression and a plane of content which are connected with each other by a semiotic system. In particular, such division can be revealed in depictions in which the two planes of both depicting and depicted spaces are open for the eye and their connection is regulated by indexes of a special perceptographic code. So, depictions can be treated as spatial texts interpreted firstly on the perceptual level of internal modelling and, secondly, on the higher mental levels by means of other visual-spatial codes.The article is divided into three parts. The first part contains a description of the basic concepts introduced in the author’s interpretation. In the second part, theseconcepts are applied to description of spatial modelling and its semiotic means. In the third part an important special case of spatial modelling – combination of mimetic and semiotic means in formation of depictions – is discussed.
semiotics of language and translation
11. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
Sergio Torres Martínez Semiosic translation: A new theoretical framework for the implementation of pedagogically-oriented subtitling
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In this paper, I explore a new type of semiotic translation in the context of Audiovisual Translation Studies (AVTS). To that end, a set of formulaic sequencesbestowed of pragmalinguistic value (hedging strings) is analysed. It is argued that the semiotic analysis of conversational features in English may contribute to facilitate their pedagogical exploitation in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classrooms. This analysis builds theoretically on a semiotic translational framework termed Semiosic Translation (and its subset, Semiosic Subtitling) predicated upon three types of translation: (i) Metaleptic translation; (ii) indexical translation; and (iii) translation as dynamic discontinuity. Th e translational rationale thus arrived at is deemed to account for what it is that binds together linguistic signs with other sign systems.
12. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
Sergio Torres Martínez Семиозисный перевод: новое теоретическое обрамление для использования субтитров в сфере педагогики
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13. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
Sergio Torres Martínez Semioosiline tõlge: uus teoreetiline raam pedagoogilise suunitlusega subitreerimise rakendamiseks
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14. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
Suren Zolyan Language and political reality: George Orwell reconsidered
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The domain of reference of political discourse is not autonomous from language; this domain is a construct generated by the discourse itself. Such an approachto the relation between language and political reality was expressed in George Orwell’s novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. Concepts of modern semantics andpragmatics allow to explicate how language acts as both a form of constructing reality and a special type of social verbal behaviour. Language has become exclusively modal and intentional; any utterance expresses the relations of obligation, possibility, etc. and may be interpreted in intensional and, hence, in referentially non-opaque contexts. However, the semantics does not lose its referential force. In contrast, this force is multiplied, becoming a transworld relation. In this respect, the semantics of political discourse is akin to poetic semantics; however, the multidimensionality of the signified referents is hidden because referential discourse is a precondition for effectiveness. Political discourse, as a description of “world as it is”, presupposes a hidden reference to other modal contexts “world in the future” (or “in the past”); “how the world should be” (or “should not be”), etc. Th e domain of the interpretation of political discourse is a set of possible worlds.
15. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
Suren Zolyan Keel ja poliitiline reaalsus: uus vaade George Orwellile
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16. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
Suren Zolyan Язык и политическая реальность: переосмысливая Джорджа Оруэлла
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reviews and notes
17. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 43 > Issue: 1
Harri Veivo Review of Narrative by Paul Cobley
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