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Displaying: 1-20 of 27 documents


semiotics of language and culture
1. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Han-liang Chang Cassirer, Benveniste, and Peirce on deictics and “pronominal” communication
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For all his profound interest in Secondness and its manifestation in various kinds of indices, including deictics, Peirce rarely addresses the inter-pronominalrelationships. Whilst the American founder of semiotics would designate language as a whole to Thirdness, only within the larger framework of which deictics can work, the German philosopher Cassirer observes that “what characterizes the very first spatial terms that we find in language is their embracing of a defi nite ‘deictic’ function”. For Cassirer the significance of pronominals, especially the I-Thou relationship, lies in its impact on the development of spatial concept that lays the foundation of symbolic forms. It may look strange why the “designatives” of I, Thou, He, in Peirce’s own terms, so obvious in their categorial and empirical differentiation, should fail to be reduceable to the triad of Firstness, Secondness, and Thirdness. It is interesting, however, that in his 1906 correspondence with Lady Welby, Peirce should refer to the strange “Communicational Interpretant”, or “the Cominterpretant, which is a determination of that mind into which the minds of utterer and interpreter have to be fused in order that any communication should take place”. Peirce asserts that this communication of a Form, say, being in love, is made possible by sign. This paper discusses Peirce’s and Cassirer’s references to deictics or indexical sign, in particular, inter-personal relationships, in light of Benveniste’s concept of discourse, and probes into a possible subtext underlying the Peirce-Welby correspondence.
2. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Han-liang Chang Кассирер, Бенвенист и Пирс о дейктиках и ≪местоименной≫ коммуникации. Резюме
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3. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Han-liang Chang Cassirer, Benveniste ja Peirce deiktikutest ja “asesõnalisest” kommunikatsioonist. Kokkuvõte
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4. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Donna E. West Cognitive and linguistic underpinnings of deixis am phantasma
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Th is inquiry outlines Karl Buhler’s three kinds of deixis, focusing particularly on his most advanced use – deixis am phantasma (deictics to refer to absentreferents). This use is of primary import to the semiosis of index, given the centrality of the object and the interpretant in changing the function of the indexical sign in ontogeny. Employing deictic signs to refer to absent objects (some of which are mental) constitutes a catalyst from more social, conventional, uses to more internal, imaginative, ones. Buhler’s analogy of mental objects as a “mimesis” serves as the genesis for the claim that static and more dynamic memories, fuelled by affect, drive deictics to refer to more dynamic objects and more dynamic interpretants, into more constructed realities. Peirce’s two types of objects and three types of interpretants complete Buhler’s deictic framework; they determine advances in deictic semiosis undeveloped by Buhler, and offer rationale for how it is that deictic use extends the semiosis of index.
5. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Donna E. West Познавательные и лингвистические подкрепления deixis am phantasma: семиотика Бюлера и Пирса. Резюме
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6. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Donna E. West Deixis am phantasma kognitiivsed ja lingvistilised tugipunktid: Bühleri ja Peirce’i semiootika. Kokkuvõte
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7. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Małgorzata Haładewicz-Grzelak, Joanna Lubos-Kozieł Boundary mechanisms in adverts from Silesian Catholic periodicals from the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries
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The paper provides an empirical study of semiotic mechanisms of culture. We apply the methodology developed by the Tartu-Moscow School of Semiotics, building also on the criteria of boundary-work dynamics to examine a collected corpus of adverts appearing in Silesian Catholic periodicals (in Germanand in Polish) from the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries. We discuss the cultural implications of the differences and similarities in German and Polish ads and propose functional explanations of the results in terms of the notion of boundary configurations in a region as a particular structuring of cultural codes. The two analytical axes are the social boundary implicated in the use of German vs. Polish on the parameter of ‘sacred’ (sacrum) reference, and the symbolic border in the use of Fraktur (German script) versus Antiqua (Latin script) (boundary objects).
8. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Małgorzata Haładewicz-Grzelak, Joanna Lubos-Kozieł Piirimehhanismid 19. sajandi teise poole ning 20. sajandi alguse Sileesia katoliiklikus perioodikas avaldatud reklaamides. Kokkuvõte
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9. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Małgorzata Haładewicz-Grzelak, Joanna Lubos-Kozieł Механизмы границы в католических рекламах Силезии сo второй половины 19 – начала 20 века. Резюме
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ecosemiotics
10. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Jean-Claude Gens Uexküll’s Kompositionslehre and Leopold’s “land ethic” in dialogue. On the concept of meaning
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Uexkull’s famous umwelt theory, which is simultaneously a theory of meaning, remains almost unknown in American environmental thought. Thepurpose of this article is to create a dialogue between the umwelt theory – a source of inspiration for biosemiotics – and one of the major figures of the environmental thought, namely Aldo Leopold. The interest of this dialogue lies in the fact that the environmental thought has much to gain by relying on Uexkull’s theory of meaning and, conversely, that Leopold’s land ethic is likely to extend Uexkull’s thought in terms of ethics.
11. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Jean-Claude Gens Uexkülli Kompositionslehre ja Leopoldi land ethic dialoogis. Tähenduse mõistest. Kokkuvõte
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12. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Jean-Claude Gens Kompositionslehre Юкскюля и land ethic Леопольда в диалоге. О концепте ≪значение≫. Резюме
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13. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Jonathan Beever Baudrillard’s simulated ecology
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Jean Baudrillard, the scholar and critic of postmodernity, struggled with questions of postmodern ontology: representation of the real through the semioticprocess of signification is threatened with the rise of simulacra, the simulated real. With this rise, seductive semiotic relationships between signs replace any traditional ontological representamen. This struggle has implications for environmentalism since the problems of contemporary environmental philosophy are rooted in problems with ontology. Hence the question of postmodern ecology: can the natural survive postmodern simulation? Baudrillard’s communicative analysis of semiotic postmodernity can both support and extend ecosemiotic theses in response to these questions, questions that must be answered in order to explore our paradoxical understandings of the natural and confirm an understanding of environmentalism for postmodernity. In this paper I will argue for the merit of a semiotic understanding of postmodernity, develop the idea of ecology in this context, and then compare Baudrillard’s approach to the contemporary development of ecosemiotics.
14. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Jonathan Beever Baudrillard’i simuleeritud ökoloogia. Kokkuvõte
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15. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Jonathan Beever Симулированная экология Бодрийяра. Резюме
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16. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Susan Petrilli, Augusto Ponzio Modelling, dialogism and the functional cycle: biosemiotic and philosophical insights
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Charles Peirce, Mikhail Bakhtin and Thomas Sebeok all develop original research itineraries around the sign and, despite terminological differences, canbe related with reference to the concept of dialogism and modelling. Jakob von Uexküll’s biosemiosic “functional cycle”, a model for semiosic processes, is alsoimplied in the relation between dialogue and communication.Biological models which describe communication as a self-referential, autopoietic and semiotically closed system (e.g., the models proposed by Maturana,Varela, and Thure von Uexküll) contrast with both the linear (Shannon and Weaver) and the circular (Saussure) paradigms. The theory of autopoietic systems is only incompatible with dialogism if reference is to a linear causal model which describes communication as developing from source to destination, or to the conversation model governed by the turning around together rule. Dialogism understood in biosemiotic terms overlaps with the concepts of interconnectivity,interrelation, intercorporeity and presupposes the otherness relation.As Uexküll says, the relation with the umwelt in nonhuman living beings is stable and concerns the species; on the contrary, in human beings it is, changeableand concerns the single individual, which is at once an advantage and a disadvantage. Thanks to “syntactics”, human beings can construct, deconstruct and reconstruct an infinite number of worlds from a finite number of elements. This distinguishes human beings from other animals and determines their capacity for posing problems and asking questions. The human being not only produces his or her own world, but can also endanger it, and even destroy it to the point of causing the extinction of all other life forms on Earth. The unique capacity for reflection on signs makes human beings responsible for life across the planet, both human and nonhuman. Such reflections shift semiotic research in the direction of semioethics.
17. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Susan Petrilli, Augusto Ponzio Моделирование, диалогизм и функциональный цикл: биосемиотические и философские озарения. Резюме
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18. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Susan Petrilli, Augusto Ponzio Modelleerimine, dialoogilisus ja funktsiooniring: biosemiootilisi ja filosoofilisi vaateid. Kokkuvõte
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organization of semiotics
19. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Roger Parent, Stanley Varnhagen Qualitative evaluation of semiotic-based intercultural training
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This second of a two-part series of articles on applied semiotics and intercultural training provides a qualitative evaluation of the research initiative Tools for Cultural Development. Th e discussion will firstly centre on several theoretical and methodological challenges inherent to the qualitative research paradigmand then relate these shifting concerns to convergent findings in poststructuralist (and postcolonial) semiotics, especially with respect to pheno menology and pragmatics. Analysis of four focus group interviews in France and Australia will examine and evaluate the 2007 training experience in light of the culture-specific contexts and stakeholder groups involved. Of particular concern will be the capacity of qualitative evaluative processes to account for the “local meanings”and “voices” within the trainee narratives so as to highlight their perceptions as to the use of semiotics for designing culturally significant practices in educationand praxis.
20. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Roger Parent, Stanley Varnhagen Semiootikal põhineva kultuuridevahelise õppe kvalitatiivne hindamine. Kokkuvõte
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