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Displaying: 1-8 of 8 documents

1. The Southern Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 45 > Issue: 2
Alia Al-Saji The Temporality of Life: Merleau-Ponty, Bergson, and the Immemorial Past
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Borrowing conceptual tools from Bergson, this essay asks after the shift in the temporality of life from Merleau-Ponty’s Phénoménologie de la perception to his later works. Although the Phénoménologie conceives life in terms of the field of presence of bodily action, later texts point to a life of invisible and immemorial dimensionality. By reconsidering Bergson, but also thereby revising his reading of Husserl, Merleau-Ponty develops a nonserial theory of time in the later works, one that acknowledges the verticality and irreducibility of the past. Life in the flesh relies on unconsciousness or forgetting, on an invisibility that structures its passage.
2. The Southern Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 45 > Issue: 2
Bernard P. Dauenhauer Responding to Evil
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In this paper, I argue that moral and institutional evils, even though they are all contingent, are so pervasive and persistent that there is no practical way of responding to them that would lead eventually to theeradication of all of them. Instead, our practical task is to respond to these evils in ways that respect both the basic capabilities and their associated vulnerabilities that are constitutive of each human being. Todo this most effectively, one should offer unconditional forgiveness to the perpetrators of evil. The attitude that can best underpin this forgiveness is one of a properly understood indefeasible hope, a hopethat always insists that each person is of greater worth than whatever he or she does.
3. The Southern Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 45 > Issue: 2
A. C. Genova Externalism and Token-Identity
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This study has two goals. The first is to identify three desiderata required for a successful defense of a version of nonreductive physicalism: semantic externalism, token-identity between mental andphysical events, and nonrelational type-individuation of physical states. In this context, the paper also presents a refutation of recent challenges to content-externalism by those who attempt to resuscitate internalism by focusing on narrow content associated with the fundamental phenomenology, rather than the intentionality, of mental states. The second goal is to defend the token-identity thesis from Tyler Burge’s argument to the effect that token-identity is incompatible with semantic externalism. An account is also offered as to why Burge’s argument, albeit fallacious, might seem persuasive under a certain interpretation of possible worlds.
4. The Southern Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 45 > Issue: 2
Nathan Hanna Socrates and Superiority
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I propose an alternative interpretation of the Crito. The arguments that are typically taken to be Socrates’ primary arguments against escape are actually supplementary arguments that rely on what I callthe Superiority Thesis, the thesis that the state and its citizens are members of a moral hierarchy where those below are tied by bonds of obligation to those above. I provide evidence that Socrates holds thisthesis, demonstrate how it resolves a number of apparent difficulties, and show why my interpretation is preferable to competing interpretations.
5. The Southern Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 45 > Issue: 2
Christopher Martin Consciousness in Spinoza’s Philosophy of Mind
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Spinoza’s philosophy of mind is thought to lack a serious account of consciousness. In this essay I argue that Spinoza’s doctrine of ideas of ideas has been wrongly construed, and that once righted it provides the foundation for an account. I then draw out the finer details of Spinoza’s account of consciousness, doing my best to defend its plausibility along the way. My view is in response to a proposal byEdwin Curley and the serious objection leveled against it by Margaret Wilson and Jonathan Bennett.
6. The Southern Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 45 > Issue: 2
Justin P. McBrayer Process Reliabilism, Virtue Reliabilism, and the Value of Knowledge
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The value problem for knowledge is the problem of explaining why knowledge is cognitively more valuable than mere true belief. If an account of the nature of knowledge is unable to solve the value problemfor knowledge, this provides a pro tanto reason to reject that account. Recent literature argues that process reliabilism is unable to solve the value problem because it succumbs to an objection known as theswamping objection. Virtue reliabilism (i.e., agent reliabilism), on the other hand, is able to solve the value problem because it can avoid the swamping objection. I argue that virtue reliabilism escapes theswamping objection only by employing what I call an entailment strategy. Furthermore, since an entailment strategy is open to the process reliabilist (in two different forms), I argue that the process reliabilist is also able to escape the swamping objection and thereby solve the value problem for knowledge.
7. The Southern Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 45 > Issue: 2
Patrick O’Connor Derrida’s Worldly Responsibility: The Opening between ‘Faith” and the “Sacred”
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This article will theorize how Derrida’s deconstruction signifies a fundamental ontological alterity. We will examine the use of both the tropes of “sacred” and ‘faith” as tropes to express this possibility. Wewill articulate how deconstruction, as a development of phenomenology, provides a theoretical nexus where the alterity of things and persons may be thought. We will arrive at the paradoxical formulation of“ontological alterity” as a key moment in deconstructive thinking. Essentially we will argue that deconstruction offers the resources to think the relation between other person and things in the world asmotivated by a firm radicalization of Heideggerean worldliness and Levinasian alterity.
8. The Southern Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 45 > Issue: 2
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