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Displaying: 1-14 of 14 documents


seccion monografica
1. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 19 > Issue: 3
Mauricio Suárez Introduction
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2. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 19 > Issue: 3
Alexander Bird Antidotes all the way down?
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This paper concerns the relationship between dispositions and ceteris paribus laws. Dispositions are related to conditionals. Typically a fragile glass will break if struck with force. But possession of the disposition does not entail the corresponding simple (subjunctive or counterfactual) conditional. The phenomena of finks and antidotes show that an object may possess the disposition without the conditional being true. Finks and antidotes may be thought of as exceptions to the straightforward relation between disposition and conditional. The existence of these phenomena is easy to demonstrate at the macro-Ievel. But do they exist at the fundamental level also? While fundamental finkish dispositions may be excluded fairly straightforwardly, the existence of fundamental antidotes is more open. Nonetheless I conclude that the phenomenon is likely to be less widespread than at the macro level and that fundamental antidotes may be eliminable. According to the dispositional essentialist, the laws of nature can be explained by taking natural properties to be essentially dispositional. This account can be extended to show that the existence of finks and antidotes explains ceteris paribus laws. Consequently the existence or otherwise of fundamental finks and antidotes sheds some light on the question of whether fundamental laws may also be ceteris paribus laws.
3. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 19 > Issue: 3
Mauricio Suárez Causal processes and propensities in quantum mechanics
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In an influential article published in 1982, Bas Van Fraassen developed an argument against causal realism on the basis of an analysis of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlations of quantum mechanics. Several philosophers of science and experts in causal inference -including some causal realists like Wesley Salmon- have accepted Van Fraassen’s argument, interpreting it as a proof that the quantum correlations cannot be given any causal model. In this paper I argue that Van Fraassen’s article can also be interpreted as a good guide to the different causal models available for the EPR correlations, and their relative virtues. These models in turn give us insight into some of the unusual features that quantum propensicies might have.
4. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 19 > Issue: 3
Agustín Vicente The role of dispositions in explanations
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According to a model defended by some authors, dispositional predicates, or concepts, can be legitimately used in causal explanations, but such a use is not necessary. For every explanation couched in dispositional terms, there is always a better, and complete, explanation that makes use of a different vocabulary, that of categorial bases. In what follows, I will develop this view, and then argue that there is a kind of use of dispositions in explanations that does not fall within this model. That is, I will argue that we would miss some explanations if we were to forsake dispositional concepts and dispositional explanations.
5. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 19 > Issue: 3
Alice Drewery A note on science and essentialism
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This paper discusses recent attempts to use essentialist arguments based on the work of Kripke and Putnam to ground causal necessity in the world. I argue in particular that arecent argument by Alexander Bird relies on controversial intuitions about the natures of substances which no Humean would accept. While a case can be made that essentialism reflects some assumptions within scientific practice, the same can be said of Humeanism; ultimately neither Bird’s arguments, nor any empirical facts, can decide the question for or against Humeanism.
6. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 19 > Issue: 3
Nicholas Maxwell Does probabilism solve the great quantum mystery?
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What sort of entities are electrons, photons and atoms given their wave-like and particle-like properties? Is nature fundamentally deterministic or probabilistic? Orthodox quantum theory (OQT) evades answering these two basic questions by being a theory about the results of performing measurements on quantum systems. But this evasion results in OQT being a seriously defective theory. A rival, somewhat ignored strategy is to conjecture that the quantum domain is fundamentally probabilistic. This means quantum entities, interacting with one another probabilistically, must differ radically from the entities of deterministic classical physics, the classical wave or particle. It becomes possible to conceive of quantum entities as a new kind of fundamentally probabilistic entity, the “propensiton”, neither wave nor particle. A fully micro realistic, testable rival to OQT results.
articulos
7. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 19 > Issue: 3
Jose E. Chaves El contextualismo y P. Grice (The Contextualism and P. Grice)
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En el debate entre contextualistas y anticontextualistas, señala Recanati, los últimos aventajan a los primeros por un argumento atribuible a Grice. Este argumento tiene corno premisa el Principio del Paralelismo que, según Recanati, convierte al argumento en circular y a la posición anticontextualista en injustificada. Si bien considero este argumento anticontextualista inadecuado, demostraré que no es atribuible a Grice. Grice no puede admitir el Principio del Paralelismo si se tiene en cuenta la explicación que elabora para ciertos ejemplos y su teoria de las implicaturas. Grice, según esa explicación y algunas de sus propuestas, se muestra como un contextualista.
recensiones
8. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 19 > Issue: 3
Carlos J. Moya La nau del coneixement
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9. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 19 > Issue: 3
Igor Aristegi Urkia Ernst Cassirer: Stationen einer philosophischen Biographie
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10. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 19 > Issue: 3
María Albisu Mente y Conocimiento
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sumario
11. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 19 > Issue: 3
SUMARIO ANALITICO / SUMMARY
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sumario analicto / summary
12. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 19 > Issue: 3
Sumario Analicto / Summary
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13. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 19 > Issue: 3
Sumario Analicto / Summary
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sumario
14. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 19 > Issue: 3
SUMARIO DEL VOL. 19 / CONTENTS OF VOL 19
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