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Volume 9, Issue 1, Winter 2019

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Displaying: 1-17 of 17 documents

1. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Alyson Cole, Kyoo Lee Editors’ Introduction: A transContinental Turn
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2. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Judith Butler Gender in Translation: Beyond Monolingualism
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Anglophone theoretical reflections on gender often assume the generalizability of their claims without first asking whether “gender” as a term exists, or exists in the same way, in other languages. Some of the resistance to the entry of “gender” as a term into non-Anglophone contexts emerges from a resistance to English or, indeed, from within the syntax of a language in which questions of gender are settled through verb inflections or implied reference. A larger form of resistance, of course, has to do with fears that the category will itself release forms of sexual freedom and challenges to existing hierarchies within the second language. The well-organized political attack on gender and gender studies now occurring throughout the world has many sources, and that is not the focus of this essay. This essay maintains that there can be no theory of gender without translation and that Anglophone monolingualism too often assumes that English forms a sufficient basis for theoretical claims about gender. Further, because the contemporary usage of gender emerges from a coinage introduced by sexologists and reappropriated by feminists, it proves to be a term that is bound up with grammatical innovation and syntactical challenges from the start. Without an understanding of translation—its practice and its limits—there can be no gender studies within a global framework. Finally, the process of becoming gendered, or changing genders, requires translation in order to communicate the new terms for recognizing new modalities of gender. Thus, translation is a constitutive part of any theory of gender that seeks to be multilingual and that accepts the historically dynamic character of languages. This framework can help facilitate a way of recognizing different genders, and different accounts of gender identity (essentialist, constructivist, processual, interactive, intersectional) as requiring both translation and its limits. Without translation and historical coinage, there is no way to understand the dynamic and changing category of gender and the resistances it now encounters.
3. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Alyson Cole, Sumru Atuk What’s in a Hashtag?: Feminist Terms for Tweeting in Alliance
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This article analyzes a crucial aspect of the #MeToo phenomenon overlooked in all the commentary: the sign under which this activism has been taking place. Our premise is that to comprehend the novel politics that #MeToo incites, we need to understand the political grammar of the sign. #MeToo hails individuals to recognize their serial collectivity and assembles them into a fluid yet cohesive group. Straddling the particular and universal, the sign allows for a range of genres of speaking out and joining in, thereby reconfiguring the possibilities of feminist political assemblage. We begin by providing an overview of the arguments summoned in opposition to #MeToo that have dominated public discourse. Next, we examine #MeToo in the context of debates within feminism, demonstrating how #MeToo addresses enduring tensions over the terms of coalitional politics. Finally, we analyze the sign itself, focusing first on the distinctive grammar #MeToo deploys, and then on the politics it facilitates. We argue that #MeToo allows feminists to grapple with the challenges of difference in innovative ways—not only contextually or with respect to the varying positionalities of individuals assembled under the sign, but also in upholding a continuum of sexual violation.
4. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Falguni A. Sheth The Veil, Transparency, and the Deceptive Conceit of Liberalism
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The veil has remained controversial in the US since 9/11, yet it has not been subject to explicit regulation. Beginning with a court case in which a Muslim woman is banned from the courtroom for refusing a judge’s order to remove her niqab, I explore the ways in which the judge’s order resembles a demand for transparency. Transparency as a norm, a mode of discourse, and a kind of comportment betrays the explicit ethos of secular-liberal political norms and practices as being purely procedural. Drawing on early immigration law, the PATRIOT Act, and other laws, I argue that transparency is a demand for “unfamiliar” strangers to present themselves as familiar, or at least, as unthreatening to the dominant, homogenous population—not merely through sincerity and collegiality, but through submission and obedience. The demand for transparency is also often an impossible demand for a gendered racial and cultural recomportment, that is, to transform oneself into someone familiar—a neutral, vaguely feminist, liberal subject. I conclude that transparency remains in excess of liberal political and civic culture’s explicit scope.
5. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Lauren Guilmette Unsettling the Coloniality of the Affects: Transcontinental Reverberations between Teresa Brennan and Sylvia Wynter
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This article interprets Teresa Brennan’s (2004) work on the forgetting of affect transmission in conjunction with Sylvia Wynter’s (2003) argument concerning the rise of Western Man through the dehumanization of native and African peoples. While not directly in dialogue, Wynter’s decolonial reading of Foucault’s (1994) epistemic ruptures enriches Brennan’s inquiry into this “forgetting,” given that callous, repeated acts of cruelty characteristic of Western imperialism and slavery required a denial of the capacity to sense suffering in others perceived as differently human. Supplementing Brennan with Wynter, we can better describe the limits of sympathy discourses as resting on identification and perceived sameness. In turn, Brennan (posthumously) comes to Wynter’s defense in her call for a new science of plural cultures to redefine the human, which some have interpreted as a positivist misreading of Frantz Fanon (2008). Brennan and Wynter alike have been criticized for their appeals to science; yet, I defend their respective proposals for social-scientific inquiry with support from Brennan’s response to the 1996 Sokal Hoax: the influence of the social on the biological body is, indeed, difficult to study, but this does not invalidate the inquiry as such.
6. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Donata Schoeller, Sigridur Thorgeirsdottir Embodied Critical Thinking: The Experiential Turn and Its Transformative Aspects
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While the emphasis on embodiment and situatedness is strong in contemporary philosophy and cognitive sciences, its implications for the practice of critical thinking are just beginning to be taken seriously. The challenge is to think with the richness and the intricacy that come along with embodiment of situated knowers and on the basis of the experiential turn (based on phenomenological and pragmatic approaches). Even though the embodied and experiential dimension is operative and continuously present all the time in thought and action, it is hardly acknowledged, cared for, or made transparent in academic philosophical training. In doing philosophy we are actually rather trained to detach ourselves from the experiential basis of our thinking. In this paper we claim that by doing so we cut ourselves off from important sources of what it means to think for oneself. We argue that the more embodied context one dares to include in critical thinking, the more critique becomes personally and politically transformative. This has major methodological implications: one needs to learn “reading” embodied, felt experience as carefully and closely as the texts. The methods of Embodied Critical Thinking (ECT) presented here are based on the micro-phenomenological approach of Claire Petitmengin and the Thinking at the Edge method developed by Eugene Gendlin and Mary Hendricks.
7. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Seloua Luste Boulbina, Laura Hengehold “Sexed Space and Unveiled Gender”: Translated Excerpt from Kafka’s Monkey and Other Phantoms of Africa
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In this brief excerpt from a forthcoming translation of L’Afrique et ses fantômes (2015) and Singe de Kafka (2008), Seloua Luste Boulbina shows how French opposition to the Islamic hijab, as described by Fanon, mirrored British opposition to the Indian practice of sati by claiming to defend women while really defending the interests of European men. This made it difficult, if not impossible, for women to define and assert interests of their own, apart from the perspectives imposed by politically opposed groups of men. Fanon recognized this complex silence. But Fanon also failed to read the perspective motivating the writings of fellow Martinican author, Mayotte Capécia (Lucette Ceranus Combette), which prevented him from seeing any independence in women’s capacity for interracial love and prevented him from giving a more complex psychological and political meaning to mixed ancestry.
translators’ notes
8. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Catherine Porter Translators in Action: Moments in a Dialogue
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9. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Nan Wang Self-exile in Translating Butlerian Diaspora: Translator’s Notes
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10. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Hyosil Yang As a Translator and Reader of Judith Butler in Korea
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11. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Nathanaël arrêt sur visage, from Hatred of Translation
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12. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Heath Fogg Davis Translating Transgender “Erasure” in the Trump Era
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13. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Patricia Gherovici Transpsychoanalysis
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14. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Kyoo Lee LawToo?: #MeToo, Transgender Rights Movement, and Re-garding Justitia Today
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book reviews
15. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Perry Zurn Gayle Salamon, The Life and Death of Latisha King: A Critical Phenomenology of Transphobia
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16. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Emilia Angelova New Forms of Revolt: Essays on Kristeva’s Intimate Politics, eds. Sarah K. Hansen and Rebecca Tuvel
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17. philoSOPHIA: Volume > 9 > Issue: 1
Tina Fernandes Botts George Yancy, Backlash: What Happens When We Talk Honestly About Racism in America
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