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Displaying: 21-40 of 2490 documents


session 8: anthropology
21. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 92
Gaston G. LeNotre ‘In the Human Heart’: A Premodern Philosophy of Race and Racism in Thomas Aquinas
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A premodern philosophy of race and racism in Thomas Aquinas resolves some seeming oppositions between the three most current theories of race. Thomas’s generational account of race is primary. It affirms the racial naturalist view that there are biological differences between people, and some of which stem from a characteristic genotype and geography. Thomas’s individual account of race is secondary but nevertheless a necessary clarification of the generational account. It affirms the racial skeptic view that these racial characteristic properties are individual properties, not essential or specific properties, and as such cannot lead to a definite, essential being that is a ‘race.’ Thomas’s intersubjective account of race is tertiary, insofar as it presumes the generational and individual accounts, and yet crucially explains a peculiar social reality. It affirms the racial constructionist view that the intention by which we understand the notion of race is a socially constituted object, a mind-dependent reality informed by experience.
22. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 92
Phillip Berns The Ethical Impermissibility of Cross-Sex Hormone Therapy in Gender-Dysphoric Minors
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Gender dysphoria in children has become a hot-button topic; however, clinical data still remain sparse on the effects of hormone therapy and transitional surgery on the physical and psychological well-being of those children. The American College of Pediatricians (as opposed to the American Academy of Pediatrics) cites studies indicating that anywhere from 77 to 94 percent of boys and 73 to 88 percent of girls desist in GD; that is, following puberty the majority of children who experience GD will identify with their assigned biological sex. After reviewing the clinical studies, this paper addresses the notion of gender from a Thomistic perspective, locating gender as a differentiation in the matter of the person flowing from the essence of the soul, resulting from the power of generation as opposed to other differences such as sight, which functions the same regardless of material differences. As a result, the paper concludes that hormone therapy cannot be morally licit for children.
acpa reports and minutes
23. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 92
Mirela Oliva Minutes of the 2018 Executive Council Meeting
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24. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 92
Mirela Oliva Secretary’s Report (2018)
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25. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 92
Treasurer’s Report (2017)
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26. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 92
American Catholic Philosophical Association Financial Statements: Years Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016
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27. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 92
Necrology (2018–2019)
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28. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 92
Available Back Issues of the Proceedings
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presidential address
29. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 91
Thomas Hibbs LAUDATO SI, Modernity, and Catholic Aesthetics
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presentation of the aquinas medal
30. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 91
William A. Frank Linda Trinkhaus Zagzebski, 2017 Aquinas Medalist
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aquinas medalist’s address
31. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 91
Linda Zagzebski The Two Greatest Ideas
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plenary sessions
32. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 91
Bishop Daniel E. Flores Belonging to the WORD Made Flesh
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33. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 91
John Haldane Learning from Art and History: The Limits of Philosophy
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session 1: philosophy of nature—1
34. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 91
Christopher O. Blum Nature and Modernity: Can One Philosophize about Nature Today?
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A conspicuous feature of modernity has been the rejection of nature as an authoritative ground of intelligibility and value, a position once defended by nearly all Catholic philosophers. Since Fr. Ernan McMullin’s 1969 article, “Philosophies of Nature,” however, the philosophy of nature has been eclipsed by the philosophy of science in mainstream Catholic philosophy. After examining McMullin’s reasons for setting aside the philosophy of nature and Thomas Nagel’s recent re-affirmation of the possibility of a philosophical reflection upon nature prior to the claims of empirical science, this article responds to McMullin’s critique and defends the viability of an Aristotelian understanding of nature today.
35. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 91
Robert Verrill, OP Elementary Particles are not Substances
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The doctrine of the salvation of souls is obviously central to our Christian faith. Yet one of the challenges of communicating this truth is that many people have ontological commitments that don’t even allow for the existence of souls. Therefore, a philosophical understanding of physical reality which is compatible with a Christian understanding of the human person is especially important if we are to preach the Gospel effectively in the modern age. Like many Christian philosophers, I believe that St. Thomas Aquinas provides us with such a philosophical understanding of physical reality. Nevertheless, we need to be careful in how we map Aquinas’s philosophical concepts onto physical phenomena. It is with this concern in mind that I will argue that elementary particles are not substances.
session 2: epistemology
36. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 91
Christopher Tomaszewski A Geachian Cure for Morally Paralyzed Skeptical Theists
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Skeptical theism is a popular response to the evidential problem of evil, but it has recently been accused of proving too much. If skeptical theism is true, its detractors claim, then we not only have no good reason for thinking that God’s reasons for action should be available to creatures like us, but we also have no good reason for thinking that the reasons which govern how we ought to act should be available to creatures like us. And given this ignorance, we would be morally paralyzed, unable to decide what we ought to do in ordinary situations that call for a moral decision. In this paper, I present a simple solution to this problem of moral paralysis by drawing on Peter Geach’s now famous argument for the attributivity of “good.”
37. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 91
Joseph Gamache Doxastic Involuntarism and Evidentialism: A Curious Modern Conjunction
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It is a curious feature of early modern (specifically empiricist) epistemology and its contemporary heirs in analytic philosophy that belief is held both to be involuntary (doxastic involuntarism), and to be subject to a prescriptive norm of evidence (evidentialism). I begin by laying out these theses, pointing out the tension that exists between them, as well as discussing how they put pressure on religious faith. I then ask why the first thesis—doxastic involuntarism—has come to be so dominant. Following my diagnosis, I advance reasons to think that the thin concept of belief presupposed by doxastic involuntarism is not faithful to our ordinary and more substantial concept of belief. I conclude by outlining an alternative understanding of what it means to believe that p, based on insights of St. Thomas Aquinas and Gabriel Marcel regarding belief and opinion, as well as the relationship between persons and their beliefs.
session 3: metaphysics
38. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 91
Karl Hahn “The Mystical is Everything Speculative”: Natural Theology in Hegel’s Philosophy of Religion
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Hegel is a towering figure in modern philosophy, and he is interestingly a thinker for whom philosophical modernity and traditional religion are necessary partners in the pursuit of shared truth. In this paper, I use Hegel’s unique rendition on natural theology as a test-case for examining the intersection of traditional Christian religion and Idealist reason in Hegel’s philosophical modernity. Specifically, I raise the question of whether Hegel’s philosophy of religion is faithful to what philosopher William Desmond has called the “religious between,” within which God exists as superior, transcendent other to the finite human being existing in created dependence on Him. I argue that Hegel’s Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion contain a German idealist conception of natural theology that counterfeits this “between” by subordinating it to a pseudo-mystical quest for noetic union with God that obliterates what should be the irreducible difference between the human and the divine essence.
39. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 91
Maria Fedoryka “God is Love”: Personal Plurality as the Completion of Aristotle’s Notion of Substance and Love as the Absolute Ground of the Divine Being
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These reflections will, firstly, propose a philosophical solution to the Trinitarian problem of the “three-in-one,” and secondly, show how love is foundational to the divine being. Beginning with the Aristotelian notion of substance, I will show how substance undergoes a first modification in the consideration that substance finds its fullest realization in a person existing in a love-relation with another person. The highest instance of this, in turn, will prove to be found in persons whose very essences are constituted by such relationality and the communion resulting from it. This will force a second modification of substance: the unity of substance will turn out to have its highest instance in the moral unity of a plurality of persons existing in love—which leads to the solution of the “three-in-one” problem. I will end by reflecting on the foundational role of love with respect to absolute being.
session 4: philosophy, faith, and modernity
40. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association: Volume > 91
Matthew Pietropaoli A Fruitful Crisis of Belief: Hans Jonas on a Proper Mode of Faith within the Context of Modernity
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The philosopher Hans Jonas penned several essays illustrating how modern thought represents a revolutionary overturning of previously held religious beliefs. The new paradigms of thought toppled prior worldviews of Christianity. Thus, modernity represents a crisis for religious belief. Yet, Jonas contends that modern thought may paradoxically provide the occasion for a deeper encounter with God. This paper will examine Jonas’s discussions on both the challenge and opportunity which modern thought presents to Christianity. First, I will address Jonas’s understanding of how modern science transformed the Christian, God-centered view of the universe, showing, instead, a world following from impersonal laws. Second, I look briefly at Jonas’s understanding of how Rudolph Bultmann responded to this crisis by attempting to “de-mythologize” belief. Third, I will show how Jonas argues that the challenge of modern science to Christian cosmology allows the believer the opportunity for a closer connection to God, moving beyond beliefs and into relationship.