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Displaying: 21-40 of 1665 documents


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21. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 3
Pol Vandevelde Charity in Interpretation: Principle or Virtue? A Return to Gregory the Great
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I defend the view that charity in interpretation is both an epistemic and a moral virtue. In the first part, I examine Donald Davidson’s version of his principle of charity and question his ascription of beliefs by raising a phenomenological objection: beliefs themselves, before being ascribed, need to be interpreted when interpreters and the subjects they try to understand do not share the same cultural and historical background. In the second section, I examine the notion of epistemic virtue as discussed in virtue epistemology and question whether an epistemic virtue can be completely separated from a moral virtue. In the third section, I show how Gregory the Great, Father of the Church and Pope in the 6th century, understands the virtue of charity in interpretation not as a motivation (in a causal process of interpretation, as in virtue epistemology) but as an attraction to the good (in a teleological process) so that the interpreter is not only a technician producing an interpretation (following a “principle” of charity, as in Davidson) but a moral agent acting in a community.
22. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 3
Justin Gable, OP God Without Metaphysics: Some Thomistic Reflections on Heidegger’s Onto-Theological Critique and the Future of Natural Theology
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The Heideggerian critique of onto-theology has attained a semi-canonical status for continental philosophy of religion. But is the critique itself sound, and does it actually result in a richer philosophical and theological discourse concerning God? In this paper, I argue that Heidegger’s onto-theological critique suffers from serious difficulties. First (section II) I examine the critique, summarizing and condensing the critique in its essentials. I use Westphal’s fourfold criteria as a way of giving it some precision, while presenting it in relative independence from Heidegger’s own account of Being. In section III, I examine the results of non-onto-theological discourse on God post-Heidegger, suggesting, using the examples of John Caputo and Richard Kearney, that Heidegger’s onto-theological critique has not inspired a less problematic religious discourse. In the fourth and final section, I question the legitimacy of the critique itself. While Heidegger’s critique of onto-theology has the seemingly admirable goal of rendering our discourse about God less instrumental and idolatrous, a careful analysis of the criteria themselves reveals that onto-theology either misinterprets natural theological discourse on God or subjects it to impossible requirements.
23. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 3
Michael Bowler The Nature of Sacred Time
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In his essay, I examine the nature of sacred time, focusing primarily though not exclusively on two aspects of sacred time: that it is “set aside” from use and that in this time human beings can be in union and communion with and in God. I argue that chronological, “clock” time and Heideggerian “datable” (in-order-to) time are incapable of being directly consecrated as sacred time. In order to understand sacred time, I investigate the Fall and how this results in an essentially instrumentalist understanding of the world and time, which has its ultimate motive in the drive for human self-sufficiency. Only against this backdrop can one properly understand the nature (physis) of human temporality and historicity with respect to sacred time as set apart from use and as that time we spend and thus share with Christ, thereby coming into union and communion with God.
24. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 3
Mirela Oliva Immortality in Heidegger
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This paper argues that Heidegger’s description of death as a phenomenon of life opens a path to immortality different from the classical arguments. In the first part, I will explain why, for Heidegger, the account of immortality must start from a phenomenology of death, and I will analyze the characteristics of Being-towards-death. Then, I will discuss the relationship between immortality and death’s revelation of Being. Finally, I will examine the Christian background of Heidegger’s conception of death and immortality, and I will address some objections.
25. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 2
Jon W. Thompson Individuation, Identity, and Resurrection in Thomas Jackson and John Locke
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This paper outlines the views of two 17th century thinkers (Thomas Jackson and John Locke) on the question of the metaphysics of resurrection. I show that Jackson and Locke each depart from central 17th century Scholastic convictions regarding resurrection and philosophical anthropology (convictions laid out in section II). Each holds that matter or material continuity is not a plausible principle of diachronic individuation for living bodies such as human beings. Despite their rejection of the traditional view, they each provide a defence of the possibility of a personal afterlife. I outline these (quite different) defences in sections III–IV. I then argue (section V) that it is likely either that Locke had read Jackson on the issue of resurrection or that the two were influenced by a common source. I argue that matter might provide a suitable principle of diachronic individuation in both everyday cases of living bodies and in the case of resurrection.
26. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 2
Lukáš Novák Suárez’s Notion of Analogy: Scotus’s Essential Order in Disguise?
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Suárez’s theory of analogy is commonly considered problematic, insomuch as it attempts to combine the assertion of perfect unity and precision of the concept of being with the insistence that it is not univocal but analogical. In this article I first attempt to identify the precise nature of the problem in Suárez’s account (critically evaluating some older and recent approaches) and then propose an interpretation of Suárez’s notion of analogy according to which what Suárez calls “analogy” is basically the same thing as Scotus’s essential order (sans the formal distinction). I suggest that Suárez’s distancing from Scotus is often merely verbal, and that much of the confusing aspect of his doctrine stems from his idiosyncratic terminology. In corroboration of my interpretation I adduce the assessment of Suárez by the Scotist B. Mastri, and I provide some broader context to clarify Suárez’s relation to other theories of analogy, medieval and post-medieval.
27. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 2
Anthony T. Flood Aquinas on Contrition and the Love of God
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St. Thomas Aquinas treats penance as both a sacrament and a virtue. In either form, penance’s principal human act is contrition—a willed sorrow for one’s sins and an intention to avoid future sins. A look at Aquinas’s understanding of penitential contrition reveals a complex interplay of the different objects of love, the gift of fear, and finally friendship with God. This article offers an analysis of Aquinas’s accounts of penance and contrition with respect to these key elements. I argue that contrition performs a fundamental role in countering, restoring, and safeguarding a proper ordering of love and attainment of the ultimate good of union with God. In short, contrition is the act that directly counters the interior disorder wrought by sin and provides an ongoing counter to the threat of additional disorder. Sin’s disorder is the aversion to God and conversion to self, while contrition involves the aversion to self and a conversion to God.
28. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 2
Christopher-Marcus Gibson What’s the Good of Perfected Passion?: Thomas Aquinas on Attentiveness and the Filiae Luxuriae
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I raise a difficulty for Thomas’s views on the passions I call the instrumentalizing problem: Can well-ordered passions contribute to good human activity beyond merely expressing or rendering more effective the independent work of intellect and will? If not, does that not raise the risk that we are merely handicapped angels? I develop a response by examining Thomas’s discussion of the filiae luxuriae, intellectual and volitional flaws arising from lust. I draw on Thomas’s understanding of one filia, blindness of mind, to help sketch an account of the good habits it opposes: the acquired virtue I term attentiveness and the corresponding Spiritual gift of understanding. These good habits, I argue, render their bearers responsive to natural and supernatural reasons that guide them in the conduct of life. By partly constituting these habits, well-ordered passion makes an indispensable contribution to human activity at its best.
29. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 2
Justin W. Keena Plato on Forms, Predication by Analogy, and Kinds of Reality
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I argue that Plato held a kinds of reality theory, not a degrees of reality theory, and that this position solves otherwise intractable problems about the Forms, notably the Third Man critique. These problems stem from the fact that Plato applied the same predicate bothto a Form (ness) and to its participants. Section I shows that this creates serious difficulties for the Forms, whether the predicate is taken in the same sense or in totally different senses. Section II presents the evidence that Plato had a third way of applying that predicate (namely, by analogy) which obviates those problems. Finally, section III explains how predication by analogy requires a kinds of reality theory, but is incompatible with a degrees of reality theory. Thus, Plato’s kinds of reality theory validates the third way of predication discussed in section II, which in turn solves the problems enumerated in section I.
book discussion
30. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 2
David McPherson Précis of Virtue and Meaning
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31. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 2
Richard Kim Neo-Aristotelian Naturalism, Natural Law, and Objectivity
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32. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 2
Christopher Toner McPherson’s Impiety
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33. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 2
Gregory Beabout Meaning Seeking Animals, Enchantments, and Flourishing
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34. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 2
David McPherson Replies to Kim, Toner, and Beabout
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book review
35. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 2
Gary M. Atkinson Cooperation with Evil: Thomistic Tools of Analysis.
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36. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 2
Christopher Baglow The War that Never Was: Evolution and Christian Theology
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37. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 2
Travis Dumsday Emergence: Towards a New Metaphysics and Philosophy of Science
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38. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 2
John Froula Grace, Predestination, and the Permission of Sin: a Thomistic Analysis
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39. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 2
C. Jeffery Kinlaw Fichte’s Ethics
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40. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 95 > Issue: 2
D. T. Sheffler The Moral Philosophy of Dietrich Von Hildebrand
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