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Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society

Reclaiming the Societal Dimension

Volume 25
Proceedings of the Twenty-Fifth Annual Meeting

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Displaying: 21-40 of 42 documents


21. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
Frederik Dahlmann, Stephen Brammer Disclosure and Organisational Learning in the Context of Environmental Performance
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In this paper we explore the influences on firms' environmental performance within a conceptual framework that draws upon theories of organisational and institutional learning. More specifically, our study investigates companies’ changing levels of greenhouse gas emissions over time by controlling for the differentiated options of reporting available to companies. Drawing on CDP corporate emissions data we find that while on average between 2003 and 2012 the carbon emissions levels for our sample of global companies have been falling, this trend is not borne out at individual firm level. Instead, our conclusion has to be there is widespread stagnation in terms of emissions levels and contrary to our second hypothesis, we also do not find evidence of the traditional learning curve effect applying to carbon emissions levels following a firm’s first year of reporting.
22. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
Anne Norheim-Hansen From Large to Small Environmental Reputation Asymmetry and Strategic Alliance Performance: A Theoretical Investigation
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Strategic alliances between firms with disparate environmental reputations are not uncommon. Yet, the potential implications for alliance performance have received little attention in the research literature. This, despite the growth in firms’ dependence on alliances in a business context with increasing environmental sustainability pressures facing them. Building on the well-established notion that reputation asymmetry affects alliance outcomes, this paper theorizes on how going from large to small environmental reputation asymmetry affects alliance performance. The analyses cover effects on key alliance success indicators in three major alliance phases – formation, design, and postformation – while drawing from the natural-resource-based and strategic cognition perspectives. A conceptual model is presented, proposing that environmental reputation asymmetry reduction between the allying firms is inversely related with indicators in each phase. In other words, it proposes that there are positive effects on alliance performance.
23. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
Mary Bonich, Louise Metcalf Can Organisations Pave the Way for Sustainability in Communities?
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Organisations are increasingly asked to respond to local environmental issues, however, due to competing interests, initiatives they can often be viewed with skepticism and mistrust. Research on organisationally led initiatives to respond positively to environmental issues is lacking. Using qualitative methodology, this case explores the drivers of a successful sustainable water allocation strategy in the town of Griffith NSW, part of the Murray Darling Basin, facilitated by the local irrigation authority. Data indicated that community engagement in planning and scoping was important in fostering support and project success. Equity in engagement, and facilitation via a combined top-down/bottom-up management style, increased trust. Understanding of the needs of each stakeholder group generated better engagement in the project, regardless of project outcomes, indicating that authentic consultation was a significant factor. This research suggests that given the appropriate stimulus, communities can ‘emerge’ their own sustainability.
24. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
Frederik Dahlmann Evolutionary systems theory of corporate sustainable strategy
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Drawing on complex systems theories this paper outlines a theory of why companies need to make more determined efforts to develop genuinely sustainable corporate strategies. The paper integrates the notions of coevolutionary systems change, fitness landscapes and corporate sustainable strategies in an attempt to synthesise our understanding of how and why organisations evolve over time with the observation of increasing rates of wider systemic changes. The aim is to illustrate that there is a much deeper (and arguably ‘natural’) reason for why firms will and must make greater efforts towards implementing sustainability strategies. By framing sustainability challenges through this evolutionary complex systems perspective, this paper hopes to contribute to more instrumental discussions about firms’ wider impact on nature and society.
25. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
Javier Delgado-Ceballos, Ivan Montiel, Raquel Antolin-Lopez What Falls Under the Corporate Sustainability Umbrella? Definitions and Measures
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This literature review article aims to bring a better understanding to the field of corporate sustainability (CS) as studied by management scholars from 1995 to 2013. The authors summarize the different definitions and measures that have been adopted by management scholars working in the CS field in both academic and practitioner management journals. The results show that the CS field is still evolving and different approaches to define and measure CS have been used. Differences are also found between the literature that targets scholars versus the one targeting practitioners. The authors also provide a set of recommendations on how to advance the CS field.
26. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
Burcin Hatipoglu Sustainability Management: A new career path?
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The need for including sustainability in higher education curricula and defining the role of higher education institutions in teaching for sustainability has been much discussed in literature. A rather new career has emerged with the advancement of sustainability change programs in organizations. Which key capabilities constitute a good sustainability manager and how best to educate them is yet to be defined. Based on the recent developments in the field there is a need to define this new career; including the competency requirements and the current roles in sustainability leadership. The current research is based on a qualitative inquiry involving ten sustainability managers of publicly listed companies in Turkey. A competency map is used for guiding the questions. The findings address the issues on the role of business schools on education for sustainable development. It defines sustainability management as a new career path for future graduates.
27. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
Susan E. Mate Patterns in Professional Roles: Sustainability Narratives
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This paper explores patterns in professional narratives over a period of six years. The purpose of this study was to explore patterns in narratives of change agents and discuss how narratives of sustainability develop over time. Narrative inquiry plays a role in bringing about inclusive environments by talking and writing about experience. In this study, stories were examined for insight into social organization within the workplace, and what motivates and sustains professional identity. Over the period of time narratives were collected for this study, there was an increase in the themes associated with sustainability leadership for the participants who were in senior and middle management roles. The senior management group shared a greater number of narratives associated withsustainability leadership than the middle management participants. Further consideration is given to how the workplace culture impacts on shared narratives.
28. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
Melissa S. Baucus Shortcut to Success: How Ponzi Entrepreneurs Establish & Grow Ventures Quickly
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This study examines the business models of highly successful Ponzi entrepreneurs. Results indicate that these entrepreneurs clearly articulate their customer value proposition, profit formula, key resources and processes that support their value proposition. Thus, Ponzi entrepreneurs appear quite adept at applying coreentrepreneurship concepts for illegal and unethical purposes. The results highlight the need to broaden the definition of “value creation” so it encompasses legal and ethical behavior in addition to the traditional and somewhat narrow economic use of the term. This study adds to the growing interest in measurement of business models (e.g., Zott et al., 2011) and it will hopefully foster more empirical research of illegal entrepreneurship.
29. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
Sophie Clark, Megan Woods, David Adams Balancing Social and Commercial Objectives within Business Organisations: What Can We Learn from Social Enterprise?
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This article explores how social enterprises, as hybrid organisations that combine social benefit and commercial logics, manage these logics internally. Utilising data collected through a case study of six social enterprises operating within the Australian education and training industry, we show that social enterprises mayadopt a number of practices through which to manage their contrasting logics. These include challenging conceptualisations of profit internally, implementing participatory and integrated models of decision-making, as well as creating performance standards that account for multiple objectives. These findings provide insight into how other organisations may reconcile contrasting demands arising from the need to reconcile multiple logics, whilst also further developing our knowledge about how social enterprises operate internally.
30. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
Wendy Stubbs Exploration of an Emerging Sustainable Business Model: The B Corp Model
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Hybrid business models are an emerging phenomenon that employs market tactics to address social and environmental issues. The B Corp model is one form of a hybrid model. It is a for-profit, socially obligated, corporate form of business, with traditional corporate characteristics but also with societal commitments. Thispaper reports on the experiences of fourteen early adopters of the B Corp model in Australia. The primary aim of the B Corps can be summarised as profit with a purpose – making profits to create positive social and/or environmental impacts. The key motivation for certifying as a B Corp was the alignment of values and a formal validation of the companies’ business philosophy and approach. Success was not gauged by maximising profits for owners/shareholders, but the impacts the businesses are making. Profits are a means to achieve positive social and environmental contributions.
31. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
Nick Barter The Environment and Textbooks: Are They Enabling Sustainable Outcomes?
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A central claim within the sustainable development literature is that realizing sustainable outcomes requires a move away from a conceptualization of the environment as a separate, bounded, independently given entity. In this paper, the conceptualization of the environment within bestselling strategy textbooks in the UK and Australia in 2011 is reviewed. A focus on strategy textbooks is taken as it is argued that corporate strategists are key actors in the realization of sustainable outcomes. Thus the constructs those individuals may learn from texts are potentially key to their ability to realize sustainable outcomes. The findings show that the constructs in the textbooks offer a sclerotic, dehumanized view of the environment that is partitioned into external and internal categories by an organizational boundary. Thus if strategy textbooks are tools to help corporate strategists learn strategy, who will then enable sustainable development, changes are required.
32. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
Helene de Burgh-Woodman, Amitav Saha The Role of Business Education in Building Business Leadership for 21st Century Responsiveness and Environmental Stewardship: Should Business Education Be Re-Developed?
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21st century business graduates need to be well equipped with skillsets that enable them to apply their commercial knowledge in organisations where profit maximisation is not the sole purpose. However, business students continue to be taught classic commercial business principles that predominately value profit and performance, resulting in a significant skill shortage for businesses embracing ethical responsibility, social justice and environment issues. The aim of this project is to blueprint a cutting-edge commerce degree that fills this skill shortage by developing an Integrated Business Education Model with extensive literature review and consultation with a wide range of stakeholders. Using the Integrated Business Education Model a traditional commerce degree curriculum will be re-designed and piloted in a business school. Findings and implementation materials will be disseminated to all Australian business schools. Eventually, graduates of this contemporary commerce degree will be skilled to contribute and grow in any form of hybrid organisation.
33. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
Lucien Dhooge, Bruce Klaw, Anne Barraquier, John Holcomb Globalizing the Business & Society Curriculum: Integrating Ethics, Law and Public Policy
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This paper discusses both the content of a global business and society curriculum, as well as comments on course delivery. Lucien Dhooge discusses the content of his global business ethics course in three parts, including the cases he uses and has developed in health policy, safety, and human rights. Bruce Klaw addresses the unique way his course addresses the issue of global corruption, as well as how the presence of international students may enrich the course, and how study abroad might be improved. Anne Barraquier focuses on the hurdles posed to business ethics instructors in teaching both in and about China, as well as the challenges in teaching students from China. John Holcomb discusses how various frameworks of public policy and ethical analysis might be applied inteaching a global business and society course, and various content items such as competition and environmental policies, corporate governance, and crisis management.
34. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
Deborah L. Kidder Working Together Is in the Best Interests of Society: Teaching Restorative Justice Skills to Business Students
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This paper presents the results of an empirical study examining whether business students’ restorative justice skills, specifically empathy and perspective taking, can be improved. Data were collected at the beginning and the end of the semester. The results showed no change in empathy but a significant increase in perspective taking ability for both undergraduate and graduate students.
35. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
Patsy G. Lewellyn, Linda C. Rodriguez Academic Dishonesty Meets Fraud Theory: A Marriage of Convenience
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This paper demonstrates how the theoretical framework of white-collar crime, grounded in the "Fraud Triangle" provides a useful theoretical foundation for research in academic dishonesty.
36. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
James Weber, Robbin Derry Open Mike II: A Forum for Ideas, Concerns, Questions about Teaching
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37. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
Colin Higgins Conference Chair Remarks
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38. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
2014 Conference Program
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39. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
2014 IABS Conference Reviewers
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40. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2014
2014 IABS Conference Attendees
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