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Displaying: 21-23 of 23 documents

articles in spanish
21. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 35
Christian David Pizarro Moncada Wiracocha: el demiurgo de la tierra, aire, fuego y agua
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Five hundred years after the imposition of occidental philosophy in the “New World”, Augusto Salazar Bondy stated that philosophy was imported with the purpose of domination, hence Latin American philosophy is the story of the footprints of Occidental Philosophy in Latin America, and thus, it is neither authentic nor original. These statements induced Leopoldo Zea’s response, who declared that questioning the likelihood of being able to philosophize involves the idea of being different from other human beings. Since “logos” (reasoning) is what defines human beings, questioning the existence of an original and authentic philosophy involves questioning the ability of Latin American people to access it. In Peru, creoles inherited power when independence occurred, keeping the colonial structure. Consequently, a part of Peru is waiting for the return of the god of the sceptre - “Apo Con Ticsi Huiracocha Pacha Yachachic”- Lord order of earth, air, fire, and water. In this sense, Andean civilization, in a similar way to Greek civilization, reached the abstract elements, strengths, demiurges, and the idea of cyclic and ordered transformation of the material instead of “creatio ex nihilo” as the Presocratic philosophers once did.
22. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 35
Dante Ramaglia Teoría crítica del sujeto y alcances del humanismo en la filosofía latinoamericana
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En la comunicación presentada se pone de relieve una perspectiva para considerar el pensamiento filosófico producido en América Latina, aludido como una forma de humanismo que se asume de modo crítico. Dicha característica que se constata como recurrente, aunque compleja y cambiante en sus diferentes formulaciones, se articula conceptualmente con el tratamiento que ha recibido en particular la cuestión del sujeto en distintos pensadores latinoamericanos, a diferencia de otras vertientes ultracríticas de la filosofía contemporánea que postularon su disolución, junto con el sentido emancipatorio de la reflexión teórica.Se parte de la tesis acerca de la relevancia que posee esta problemática, constituyendo una de las notas centrales que distinguen a la filosofía latinoamericana el sentido humanista que adquiere una enunciación singular en las ideas de distintos autores. En particular se consideran las propuestas de Arturo Roig en sus fundamentos teóricos relacionados con la cuestión de la sujetividad, en que se distinguen distintos momentos y enfoques conceptuales que se articulan en sus supuestos historicistas en torno a la filosofía latinoamericana.
23. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 35
Rosario Valdivieso Drago Invisibilidades [estéticas (contemporáneas) latinoamericanas]
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Hidden under the banner of “Latin America”, several discourses resist the idea of there being a unity preceding them. The term, however, produces effects, and accordingly, questions about the tensions which articulate this surface challenge the notion of identity as an assumption: they demand consideration of Latin American aesthetics from our own blind-spot. From a literary-artistic perspective, it is not a matter of accounting for authenticity, but of specifying the procedures that arise from the crease. If what is visible entails an order according to the descent of the model, the potency of invisibility appears as simulacra, where the complex weave of the already-seen and the not-seen, of the absences that linger in memory, are produced syncretically. In the singularity of these weaves, or at the level of interferences of what has been seen and what has not, a deep disparity insists: Latin American contemporary aesthetics as the reversion of systems of what is visible to the perfect future of its mixtures.