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1. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 3
Сергій Йосипенко, Віктор Козловський, Олексій Панич, Віталій Терлецький, Олег Хома Serhii Yosypenko
Історико-філософські дослідження в незалежній Україні: Опитування журналу Sententiae
Historico-philosophical Research in Independent Ukraine

2. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 3
Роланд Піч Roland Pietsch
Основні риси містики й метафізики Майстра Екгарта
Meister Eckhart: Principles of his Mysticism and Metaphysics

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Meister Eckhart’s mysticism of the ground of the soul is considered as the inner connection between God and man. The ground of the soul and the ground of God are in reality one ground. Author argues that the term “Ground” for Meister Eckhart, refers to the uncreated and eternal in the soul, which is also called the divine spark. In this detachment and in this Ground, the birth of God takes place, the unio mystica, which denotes the divinisation of the human being. Meister Eckhart describes the path into this mystical unio as a path of detachment and abandonment or cutting off. Finally, Eckhart’s famous poem Granum Sinapis (mustard seed) is presented as a poetic summary of his mysticism of union with the highest reality of God.
3. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 3
Oleh Bondar Олег Бондар
Gödel's Ontological Argument, Positive Properties, and Gaunilist Objection
Ґьоделів онтологічний аргумент, позитивні властивості і ґаунілістське заперечення

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The article is devoted to Gödel's Ontological Argument, its place in the history of philosophy, and the current debate over the validity of Ontological Proof. First, we argue that Gödel's argument is a necessary step in the history of the development of Ontological Proof. Second, we show that Gödel's argument (namely, its core concept – “positive property“) is based on implausible axiological principles (this fact raises many objections like Hajek's counter-argument), but can be appropriately reformulated in terms of plausible axiological principles (Gustafsson's argument). Also, we consider the debate over the validity of Gödel`s argument between contemporary neo-Gaunilist Graham Oppy and the advocate of Gödel`s Ontological Proof Michael Gettings. We conclude that Gödel's Ontological Argument is immune to Oppy`s neo-Gaunilism. Finally, given the fact that Oppy`s parody is arguably the most fine-grained Gaunilo-style argument in the history of philosophy, we conclude that Gaunilist line of argumentation, even if successful in refuting Anselm`s Ontological Proof, does not work against Gödel's Ontological Argument (this fact, we suppose, is evidenced by the results of the debate between Oppy and Gettings).
4. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 3
Андрій Богачов Andriy Bogachov
Про еквівалентність перекладу «Буття і часу» Мартина Гайдеґера
On the Equivalence of Translation of Martin Heidegger’s “Being and Time”

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The author of the article considers the conditions and principles of the future Ukrainian translation of Heidegger’s “Being and Time.” First, he defines the principles of proper translation, then makes suggestions on how “Being and Time” should be translated in accordance with these principles. The governing principle of proper translation is defined as translation equivalence, which is contrasted with the principle of translation adequacy. To clarify the conditions for the equivalent Ukrainian translation of “Being and Time,” the author explores the fundamental concepts of this work. Among others, he justifies the translation of Heidegger’s Dasein as єство, and Heidegger’s Angst as тривога.
5. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 3
Оксана Йосипенко Oxana Yosypenko
Вітґенштайн та феноменологія: контроверзи французької інтерпретації
Wittgenstein and Phenomenology: Controversies of the French Interpretation

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The author of the article focuses on the matter of Wittgenstein's philosophy reception in France. The reception of Wittgenstein's philosophy was quite late and led to different, sometimes opposite interpretations of his thought, even among French analytical philosophers. Applying a sociological approach to the problem of reception, the author identifies factors that hindered the penetration of the ideas of analytical philosophy in France, including the powerful institutionalization of philosophy in France with its inherent traditionalism and conservatism, fully expressed national character of French philosophy, as well as the extremely polemical character of French analytical philosophy, the transformation of the choice of this tradition of philosophizing into an ethical and political choice. These factors are illustrated by an analysis of Wittgenstein's conflicting interpretation of Jacques Bouveresse and Sandra Laugier. If the first creates an image of Wittgenstein as Anti-Husserl, blaming the phenomenologist for ignoring ordinary language, the second proposes a phenomenological reading of Wittgenstein's ideas using the philosophy of ordinary language. The article shows how opposing interpretations of Wittgenstein's philosophy reproduce the internal conflicts of the French philosophical field.
6. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 3
Катерина Лобанова Kateryna Lobanova
Ґеорґ Зімель – дослідник реальності: історико-філософська локалізація: Fitzi, G. (2020). The Routledge International Handbook of Simmel Studies. London: Routledge.
Georg Simmel as an Explorer of Reality: historico-philosophical localization

7. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 3
Ігор Пасічник Igor Pasitschnyk
Відновлення інтересу до філософії Вольфа: Theis, R., & Aichele, A. (Hrsg.). (2018). Handbuch Christian Wolff. Wiesbaden: Springer.
Revival of Interest in Wolff's Philosophy

8. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 3
Юлія Терещенко Yuliia Tereshchenko
Німецька філософія і стоїцизм: Lampe, K., & Benjamin, A. (Eds.). (2021). German Stoicisms: From Hegel to Sloterdijk. London: Bloomsbury Academic
German Philosophy and Stoicism

9. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 3
Юрій Федорченко Juriy Fedorchenko
Кант і метафізика: Laywine, A. (2020). Kant's Transcendental Deduction. A Cosmology of Experience. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kant and Metaphysics

10. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 3
Всеволод Хома Vsevolod Khoma
Історія філософії і практична філософія в новій книзі Марти Нусбаум: Nussbaum, M. (2019). The Cosmopolitan Tradition: A Noble But Flawed Ideal. Cambridge, MA .: Harvard University Press.
The History of Philosophy and the Practical Philosophy in Martha Nussbaum’s New Book

11. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 3
Михайло Якубович Mykhaylo Yakubovych
Тріумф авіцензму: Розмірковування над Gutas, D. (2020). Orientations of Avicenna’s Philosophy. Essays on his Life, Method, Heritage. London [etc.]: Routledge.
Triumph of Avicennism

12. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 3
Євген Бистрицький, Всеволод Хома, Ксенія Мирошник, Ольга Сімороз Yevhen Bystrytsky
Знати і бути. Частина ІІІ
To Know and to Be. Part IІI

13. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 3
Віктор Малахов, Ольга Сімороз, Софія Дмитренко, Євгенія Зайченко Victor Malakhov
Етика в дослідницьких практиках 60–80-х років: Частина І
Ethics in Research Practices of the 60's–80's

14. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 3
Тарас Лютий, Вероніка Пугач Taras Lyuty
Переклад філософських текстів у сучасній Україні
Translation of Philosophical Texts in Contemporary Ukraine

15. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Сергій Секундант Sergii Secundan
Вольф і еклектицизм: від поняття відкритої системи до систематичного інтелекту
Wolf and Eclecticism: From the Concept of an Open System to Systematic Intelligence

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The paper provides a comparative analysis of the programs of reforms of philosophy developed by Christian Wolff and the members of the Eclecticist school. It reveals the critical foundations of the concepts of the system by both schools and assesses the prospects of their further development. Although Wolff is often inconsistent, he is nevertheless closer to Descartes and Leibniz, and therefore to the Platonic tradition. The Eclecticists, on the other hand, are closer to the Peripatetic tradition, and therefore to empiricism. From the point of view of the history of philosophical methodology, Wolff’s program combines Cartesianism and the German tradition of methodical thinking (J. Jung, E. Weigel and Leibniz), which both were oriented towards mathematics. The Eclecticists, on the other hand, used the dialectical model, which they modernized by introducing the principle of historicism and applying it to the history of philosophy. When the program of the Eclecticists was guided by the critical selection of knowledge by members of the "scientific community" and the concept of an open system, Wolff’s synthesis of knowledge is carried out on the basis of a rigorous method. He puts forward a fundamentally new idea of a universal system based on new normative requirements for the system-forming principle - it must be fundamental, generally valid and immanent in the system of knowledge. Wolff does not reject the critical program of the Eclecticists; he tries to prove that the successful implementation of their program is possible only if there is a basic system of truths and a reliable method. In his treatise On the Difference Between Systematic and Non-systematic Intellect, Wolff laid the foundation of “systematic eclecticism” and “speculative criticism”, which was substantiated in the works by "classics of German idealism", primarily by C. L. Reinhold and Hegel.
16. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Анастасія Стрелкова Anastasia Strelkova
Три поняття буддійської філософії: «мислення», «розум», «свідомість» (до проблеми перекладу)
Three Concepts of Buddhist Philosophy: «Thought», «Mind», «Consciousness» (the problem of translation)

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This paper analyses the three main concepts of Buddhist philosophy of consciousness and considers the problem of their translation into Ukrainian. The author shows that it is necessary to compare the terms related to different Buddhist traditions’ (Pali, Sanskrit, Chinese and al.) in order to adequately translate them into modern languages. The analysis of a passage (II.34) from Vasubandhu’s Abhidharmakośa in various translations points out the necessity to translate a whole system of Buddhist terminology, but not the separate terms taken individually, in order to avoid the incompatibility of translated terms with each other.
17. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Ruta Marija Vabalaite Рута Марія Вабалайте
Between Locality and Globality: The Problems of the History of Philosophy in Lithuania
Між локальністю і глобальністю: проблеми історії філософії в Литві

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The article deals with the problem of the local and global significance of Lithuanian philosophy. We discuss questions related to the meaning of the very concept of Lithuanian philosophy and evaluation of its scope. A controversy whether to cover all philosophical works written in the territories of historical Lithuania or to include only the works of ethnic Lithuanians (or at least the works written in Lithuanian) is talked over. The problem of the priorities in determining the relevant sources of the history of philosophy in Lithuania is described by pointing to the complexity of an assessment as the importance of the text for the development of Lithuanian self-awareness or its social significance scarcely coincide with its impact on global philosophy. The question of the priority of the texts written in the national language versus the translations of the main heritage of Western philosophy is addressed. We proceed further with a description of the works and the authors related to Lithuania and at the same time relevant to the philosophy of Europe, or at least neighbouring countries. The characteristics of the creative opposition between Protestant and Counter-Reformation thinkers is given. Martinus Smiglecius book on Logics and the main figures in the reception of German classical philosophy are discussed. Finally, the philosophical aspects of Litvak Judaism and their research are referred to.
18. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Павло Бартусяк Pavlo Bartusiak
Стоїцизм Дельоза. Jonhson, R. J. (2020). Deleuze, a Stoic. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Deleuze’s Stoicism. Jonhson, R. J. (2020). Deleuze, a Stoic. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

19. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Юрій Завгородній Yurii Zavhorodnii
Класична індійська філософія в оксфордській серії «Історія філософії без жодних прогалин»: Adamson, P., & Ganeri, J. (2020). Classical Indian Philosophy: a History of Philosophy Without any Gaps, Volume 5
Classical Indian Philosophy in the Oxford series "History of Philosophy without any Gaps"

20. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Ігор Карівець Ihor Karivets
Деконструкція та реконструкція поняття дг’яна: стратегії та перспективи: Данилов, Д. (2020). Трансформація поняття «дг’яна» у вченні йоґи. Київ: Дух і Літера
Deconstruction and Reconstruction of the Dhyāna Concept: Strategies and Perspectives