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1. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Eric Dietrich Cognitive Science and the Mechanistic Forces of Darkness, or Why the Computational Science of Mind Suffers the Slings and Arrowsof Outrageous Fortune
2. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Andrew Garnar Portable Civilizations and Urban Assault Vehicles
3. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Paul T. Durbin SPT at the End of a Quarter Century: What Have We Accomplished?
4. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Gene Moriarty The Place of Engineering and the Engineering of Place
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The role or place of engineering is to engineer place, a location of engaging life events. That is the case for focal engineering, which is distinguished from two other kinds of engineering: traditional engineering and modernist engineering. These three kinds of engineering are discussed in terms of ways of knowing appropriate to them: know-how for traditionalist engineering, knowhow/know- what for modernist engineering, and know-how/know- what/know-why for focalengineering. Various notions of place and space are relevant to the three kinds of engineering discussed. In traditional engineering, place and space are backgrounded. In modernist engineering, space begins to dominate, causing a disharmony in the place/space constellation. In focal engineering, place is stressed in order to re-harmonize the place/space constellation.
5. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Andy Crabtree, John A. Hughes, Jon O’Brien, Tom Rodden On the Social Organization of Space and the Design of Electronic Landscapes.
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This paper reports on-going work in the eSCAPE Project (Esprit Long Term Research Project 25377) directed to the research and development of electronic landscapes for public use. Our concern here is to elucidate a sociologically informed approach towards the design of electronic landscapes or virtual worlds. We suggest — and demonstrate through ethnographic studies of virtual technologies at a multimedia art museum and information technology trade show — that members sense of space is produced through social practices tied to the accomplishment of activities occurring within the locations their actions are situated. Space, in other words, is socially constructed and shaped through members’ practices for accomplishing situated activities. We explicate, by practical examples, an approach to discovering social practices in and through which a sense of space is constructed and outline how such understandings may be used to formulate requirements for the design of electronic landscapes. In explicating our ethnographically informed approach, we outline how future technologies may bedeveloped through the situated evaluation of experimental prototypes in public use.
6. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 3
Joseph C. Pitt What Engineers Know
7. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 3
Andrew Sabl False Frankensteins: The Costs and Illusions of Computer Mastery
8. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 3
Peter Kroes Technical Functions as Dispositions: a Critical Assessment
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The paper argues that in order to understand the nature of technological knowledge (i.e., knowledge of technical artefacts as distinct from knowledge of natural objects) it is necessary to develop an epistemology of technical functions. This epistemology has to address the problem of the meaning of the notion of function. In the dominant interpretations, functions are considered to be dispositions, comparable to physical dispositions such as fragility and solubility. It is argued that this conception of functions is principally flawed. With the help of Carnap’s analysis of dispositional terms it is shown that there is a fundamental difference between physical dispositional terms and functional dispositional terms. This difference concerns the issue of the normativity; with regard to functional dispositions, it makes sense to construct normative statements of a particular kind, with regard to physical dispositions it does not.
9. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 3
Jim Demmers, Dara O'Neil Leavers and Takers: Alternative Perspectives on Universal Access to Telecommunications Technologies
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As pervasive as the use of the Internet has become in the United States, a huge percentage of the world’s population has yet to ever use a telephone. It seems ironic, then, that there is a concerted effort on the part of industrialized nations to first hook up their traditionally disadvantaged citizens to the Internet and second, to hook up citizens of developing nations. This paper addresses the universal access phenomenon by considering the growth of the Internet in terms of Leaver and Taker users—idioms usually associated with a culture’s interactions with its environment. Leaver cultures interact with their environment in a sustainable manner while Taker cultures produce more than they need and impose their ways upon others. The Internet is explored as a community of users, which in its current state is dominated by Takers. However, realizing the need for a more heterogeneous Internet community, this paper explores incentives for Leaver cultures to assimilate online and methods of improving interface designs to be more intuitive to Leaver communities. It is hoped that a tragedy of the commons of Internet resources can be avoided as more Leavers participate in the sustainment of the Internet as a valuable tool for all communities.
10. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 3
Walter G. Vincenti The Experimental Assessment of Engineering Theory As a Tool for Design
11. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 3
Jack Simmons Educational Technology and Academic Freedom
12. Society for Philosophy and Technology Quarterly Electronic Journal: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Evandro Agazzi, Hans Lenk Advances in the Philosophy of Technology: Proceedings of a Meeting of the International Academy of the Philosophy of Science, Karlsruhe, Germany, May, 1997
13. Society for Philosophy and Technology Quarterly Electronic Journal: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Kurt Hübner Philosophy of Modern Art and Philosophy of Technology
14. Society for Philosophy and Technology Quarterly Electronic Journal: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Vitali Gorokhov A New Interpretation of Technological Progress
15. Society for Philosophy and Technology Quarterly Electronic Journal: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Paul T. Durbin Advances in Philosophy of Technology?: Comparative Perspectives
16. Society for Philosophy and Technology Quarterly Electronic Journal: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Klaus Kornwachs A Formal Theory of Technology?
17. Society for Philosophy and Technology Quarterly Electronic Journal: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Jean Ladrière The Technical Universe in an Ontological Perspective
18. Society for Philosophy and Technology Quarterly Electronic Journal: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Klaus Mainzer Computer Technology and Evolution: From Artificial Intelligence to Artificial Life
19. Society for Philosophy and Technology Quarterly Electronic Journal: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Hans Lenk Advances in the Philosophy of Technology: New Structural Characteristics of Technologies
20. Society for Philosophy and Technology Quarterly Electronic Journal: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Miguel A. Quintanilla Technical Systems and Technical Progress: A Conceptual Framework