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101. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 2
Paul Balahur The Emergence of Creatology in a Cultural Perspective
102. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 2
David Cornberg Levis, Language and the Forking of Correctness: An Essay on Divergence and Change
103. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka Truth − The Ontopoietic Vortex of Life
104. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Magdalena Iorga About Ethics in Academy
105. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Ion Gagim Music and Conscience: An Ontological Relation
106. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
David Cornberg Levis, Language and the Forking of Correctness: An Essay on Divergence and Change
107. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Carmen Cozma Designing the Virtue’s Place within Bioethics Area
108. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Eero Tarasti An Essay on Appearance: Or: The present structure and existential digressions of the subject
109. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Jörg Zeller Dynamic Sign Structures in Visual Art
110. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Teodor Negru Gadamer-Habermas Debate and Universality of Hermeneutics
111. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 2
Teresa Castelão-Lawless Metaphysics and Ideologies in Science
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What counts as scientific ideology for Canguilhem and Kuhn is functionally distinct. However, in this article I argue that metaphysical and other non-scientificbeliefs brought about by scientists into their research traditions and that Kuhn sees as generating scientific change coincide closely with Canguilhem’s conception of scientific ideology. Kuhn failed to describe clearly those ideological and metaphysical elements influencing the work of science. He chose to focus on psychological factors intrinsic to paradigms and present in paradigm shifts and in scientific revolutions and also in the internal mechanisms of science itself such as the discovery process. Canguilhem triangulated scientific ideologies with the traditional demarcation criterion between science and non-science and with the intertwining of practice, theory, and external (social) beliefs in scientific thought while distancing himself from the psychological dynamic in science characteristic in Kuhn’s work. Their views are complementary.
112. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 2
Mobeen Shahid A Phenomenological Analysis of the Psyche in Ideas II and A Phenomenological Psychology
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In Ideen II Edmund Husserl delineates the three spheres which constitute the reality which human being is and this way introduces us to a different anthropologywhich is fruit of his phenomenological analysis. The tri-partite analysis of the human subjectivity, in Ideen II provides us with an anthropology which is a sound foundation for a new psychology (phenomenological psychology) where the analyses of the lived-experiences is an instrument to understand the psychic acts. Husserl after having known the psychology, a science of the subjectivity and which is interrelated with the corporeality, proposes a psychology which is in connection with the nature and only in this connection it can be realized fully. In this way the concept of purely phenomenological psychology serves also to clarify what the fundamentally transcendental science i.e. transcendental phenomenology is. The phenomenologicaly transcendental psychology developed by Husserl is completely a new science of consciousness in respect to all the other historical forms of psychology and other sciences which study consciousness. As phenomenological psychology moves in its natural attitude towards the world (Welteinstellung), it has access to all the positive sciences and in this way it can be called science of all sciences.
113. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 2
David Cornberg Humanimality: An Exploration of Human/Animal Fusion in Nature Poetry
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From the Greek satyr to the American Mickey Mouse and from the Chinese dragon to the Egyptian Sphinx, animals and animal/humans have come throughhuman imagination into myth, legend and story. This combination or fusion of animal and human in literature presents a double signification. At the same time that our attention goes to the animality of the human, we may also entertain the human(al)ity of the animal. Besides blending of physical and psychological characteristics, these ancient and modern characters of world texts may embed authentic experiences of communion or communication between humans and animals. The texts may be understood as signifying the limits of both the human and the animal and the possibility of the humanimal. Humanimality signifies the fusion of human and animal which dissolves the ordinary dualism of human subject and animal object and allows for intersubjectivity unmarked by specific biological limitations. This kind of intersubjectivity occurs in the contact of communication and is often an occasion for awe on the part of the human if not of the animal. We may understand such awesome communication as imitation, non-verbal cooperation, and as teaching and learning. Three poems by the author, reproduced in the Appendix, “The Ravens Fly Yet,” “Neighbors,” and “The Lesson,” provide the literary fields in which humanimal phenomena may appear.
114. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 2
Alexandru Boboc „Pragmatic Turn” dans la Pensée Contemporaine
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The “Pragmatic Turn” in Actual Thinking . The study of a pragmatic dimension to semiotics appears only late in the history of the discipline. „Pragmatic” seems the last one called into the dispute of signs. The study capitalizes on semiotics and the theory of action, with the distinction operated between „pragmatism” and„practical” matters within this philosophical discipline. The theory of the speech acts is investigated and related to the perspectives opened in the semiotics in order to highlight further avenues for research.
115. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 2
Nancy Mardas Billias Listening to Language: the Possibility of Translation
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This essay examines the itinerary of the word in translation. How does the process of translation unfold? When a work is translated, what is lost, what is gained,what is left behind, and what is carried forward? Is there some quality peculiar to poetic language that makes translation more difficult – or easier? In this essay I articulate the stages that I go through when translating a poem. The work is heuristic in part, but rooted in Heidegger’s essays on Hölderlin and Rilke.
116. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 2
Kiymet Selvi Future Aims of Science Curriculum for Primary School
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Science and technology have significant roles in life. Most of the researches and discussions about science education are related to development of sciencecurriculum and science education in school. Science curriculum must be developed based on student and society needs, scientific and technological developments in the field of science and educational science. The aims of science curriculum should reflect these elements given above. The aims of science curriculum also refer to changing philosophy of education. In this study, the results of the two studies, which were conducted with 314 primary school class teachers and science teachers, and literature reviews are discussed under the heading of "Future aims of science curriculum for primary school”.
117. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 2
Traian D. Stănciulescu The Hierarchies of Light: from Biblical Intuition to Scientific Reason
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To understand – intuitively and analytically both – that man is a „being of light” created as a perfect „face and alikeness” and, implicitly, as a becoming measure of the cosmic „wave patterns”, is the main purpose of the present paper. To recuperate the language of the religion by the privilege of a new „living fields” science (biophotonics) means to realize rationally the millenary expectancy of the ESSENTIAL UNITY: man, cosmos, and divinity, harmoniously together.
118. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 2
Ioan Alexandru Tofan Early Theological Works Towards an Archeology of Certain Late Hegelian Motifs
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This article discusses the response which Hegel gives in his Lectures on the History of Philosophy to a problem which is first posed in his early writings. The problem is that of the possibility to comprehend the Absolute, the Infinity („Life” is the term Hegel uses in his Early Writings) using the reflexion as instrument. The later response is to see the concept (Begriff) in his speculative sense (in fact the form of absolute reflexion) as a spiritual, historical entity and so, as tradition of representation (Vorstellung). The tradition of a thought is what marks the passage from dominative, intelectual thinking to integrative, reasonable thinking.
119. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 2
Angela Ales Bello The Study of the Soul between Psychology and Phenomenology at Edith Stein
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In the study of the soul between psychology and phenomenology in Edith Stein works it becomes clearer that it is only phenomenology that really comes to gripswith the question of psychic causality by correlating the two moments and it is therefore only phenomenology that can respond to Hume’s objections while yetremaining on his selfsame terrain. It is very important to distinguish between psychology and phenomenology and also to clarify the relationship between psyche and consciousness; there is thus reproposed the distinction already made by Husserl, who stressed that when one sets out to look for the causes that determine psychic life, they must not be sought in life feelings (Lebensgefühle) but rather in the „modes” of a life force (Lebenskraft) that is announced in them. All this is indicated here within limits because psychology in itself is undoubtedly not a science of the spirit, though the psychic states, on the other hand, will not be validly understood unless and until one arrives, as is demonstrated in the essay under consideration, at the motivation and therefore the spiritual sphere. We would say that our body is animated by a psyche and further enlivened by the spirit.
120. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 2
Richard L. Lanigan Communicology: Towards A New Science of Semiotic Phenomenology
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The paper is a paradigmatic presentation of what the new science of communicology represents: the semiotic and phenomenological study of humandiscourse and the critical study of discourse and practice both, an interaction of communication, mass communications, popular culture, public relations, advertising, marketing, linguistics, discourse analysis, political economy, institutional analysis, organization of urban and rural spaces, ergonomics, body culture, clinical practice, health care, constructions of disease, health, and rehabilitation, human factors, signage, and so forth. Communicology is the human science research result in which validity and reliability are logic constructs based in the necessary and sufficient conditions of discovered systems (codes), whether eidetic (based in consciousness) or empirical (based in experience).