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101. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1/2
Abbey J. Porter Restorative Conferencing in Thailand: A Resounding Success with Juvenile Crime
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Restorative practices is providing Thailand with a culturally relevant and highly effective means of dealing with criminal offenders, especially juveniles. Spearheaded by Wanchai Roujanavong, director general of the Department of Juvenile Observation and Protection of Thailand’s Ministry of Justice, the Thais have developed a restorative conferencing model. Called family and communitygroup conferencing (FCGC), the approach is based on the International Institute for Restorative Practices restorative conferencing model, combined with elements of the New Zealand family group conferencing (FGC) model. The resultant approach suits Thailand’s traditional community-inclusive culture. Since 2003, Thailand’s 52 juvenile protection centers have conducted more than 19,000 conferences, usually in place of court prosecution. Recidivism rates among offenders participating in these conferences are markedly lower than those of juvenile offenders prosecuted in court.
102. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1/2
Joyce Zavarich Revisioning Justice: The Justice Context for Understanding and Operationalizing Restorative Justice
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What is Justice? Society depends on justice for its stability and the well-being of its members. Justice is usually carried out in accordance with the established law. Justice can be grounded in societal norms, human and religious values, and/or established civil law. Generally, justice seeks to ensure fair treatment for all of humanity. This article sets forth the justice context for understanding andoperationalzing restorative justice by first explaining a variety of types of justice to lay a foundation for understanding the complexity of the concept of justice. Following the typology, a review of the concept of restorative justice, addressing its beginnings, practitioners, key concepts, principles, values, practices, and description is given. Finally, examples from my teaching experience at a maximum security prison enhance my understanding of restorative justice as restoring the humanity of us all.
103. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 19 > Issue: 1
Alison Bailey On Intersectionality, Empathy, And Feminist Solidarity: A Reply To Naomi Zack
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Naomi Zack’s Inclusive Feminism: A Third Wave Theory of Women’s Commonality (2005) begins with an original reading of the paradigm shift from gender essentialism to intersectionality that ended U.S. second wave feminism. According to Zack there has been a crisis in academic and professional feminism since the late 1970s. Her project is to explain the motivation behind the shift from commonality to intersectionality, to outline its harmful effects, and to reclaim the idea that all women share something in common (2005, 2). To accomplish this Zack careful retools essentialism in ways that simultaneously acknowledge women’s differences and dodge what she perceives to be intersectionality’s fragmenting effects. This paper addresses Zack’s critique of intersectionality and her effort to ground a feminist empathy-based solidarity in women’s commonalities. My discussion begins with a basic account of intersectionality. I explore Zack’s reasons for rejecting this popular approach by replying to her two strongest arguments against intersectionality: (1) that intersectionality complicates the category woman by multiplying genders beyond necessity, and (2) that intersectionality has a segregating effect on feminist political movements. I argue that Zack’s inclusive feminism generates an oversimplified account of empathy and thus fails to engage the tensions among feminist movements that intersectionality makes visible. I conclude that her account requires a more robust epistemology of empathy if political solidarity is to be grounded in the FMP category.
104. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 19 > Issue: 1
Patricia Altenbernd Johnson Building Coalitions Across Difference
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This article reviews four papers presented at the 33rd Annual Richard R. Baker Colloquium in Philosophy that was held at the University of Dayton on March 6-8, 2008. The second section reflects on the current form of these papers from a pedagogical perspective that emphasizes the importance of continual reflection on the conceptualization of intersectionality, the importance of reflecting on practices which may prevent us from the practice of intersectional understanding and action, and the theoretical and pedagogical need to continue to be attentive to the discourse of the dominant and how this discourse constructs our social and political realities as well as our individual identities.
105. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 19 > Issue: 1
Penelope Ingram Veiled Resistance: Algerian Women And The Resignification Of Patriarchal And Colonial Discourses Of Embodiment
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“Veiled Resistance” explores the relationship between discourse and power through the figure of the veiled woman. Ingram argues that while veiled women historically have been produced as Other in Orientalist discourse, they also have subverted these dominant representations by manipulating the significations of the veil. Using the example of veiling practices employed by Algerian womenduring the Algerian Revolution (1954-1962), as well as the recent actions of Muslim women in Europe who are choosing to defy the law by veiling and, in some cases, re-veiling themselves after a long period without doing so, Ingram examines the veil as a counter-discursive object. While religious, patriarchal, and colonial ideologies attempt to exploit, albeit in different ways, the women’sactions vis-à-vis the veil, these women can be seen to renegotiate the limits of representation through a conscious manipulation of the discourse that has attempted to discipline them and create new possibilities of embodiment.
106. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 19 > Issue: 1
Camisha Russell Thin Skin, Thick Blood: Identity, Stability And The Project Of Black Solidarity
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In this essay I argue for the role of positive, community-based black identities (in the plural) in the creation and maintenance of black solidarity. I argue against Tommie Shelby’s attempts to reduce the notion of black identity as it relates to solidarity from something social or cultural to something entirely political—“thin” black identity. As an alternative, I propose a model for the relationship between “thin” and “thicker” (social or cultural) identities based on Rawls’ contention that the stability of overlapping political consensus isproduced by different groups’ adherence to, rather than denial of, a plurality of comprehensive doctrines. I also discuss the benefits of positive, community-based black identities in terms of “black love” and show why, even if not possessed by each and every black American, such identities are ultimately indispensible to any black solidarity project.
107. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 19 > Issue: 1
Gaile Pohlhaus, Jr. Understanding Across Difference And Analogical Reasoning In Simpson’s The Unfinished Project
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In his book The Unfinished Project, Lorenzo Simpson articulates a hermeneutical model for understanding across difference that stresses the importance of analogies. While noting much that is helpful in his account, in this paper I question Simpson’s emphasis on analogical reasoning. After detailing Simpson’s approach, I explore some problems with analogies as a route to understanding. I examine some assumptions behind the idea that one must analogize from what one already understands in order to expand thatunderstanding. In particular I argue that, while in some cases it can be helpful, it is not necessary to use analogies in order to understand another who does not share one’s social position, culture, or worldview, and, perhaps more importantly, it is never sufficient. Moreover, attempting to locate correspondences between oneself and another may in some cases undermine the ability toform the kind of practical relationship that understanding across difference requires. Understanding another is best described, not as requiring analogies between self and other, but rather as requiring a practical relation, a type of relation that I will detail further in the second half of this paper.
108. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 19 > Issue: 2
Daniel R. Gilbert, Jr. Setting Our Sights On Sites: Putting Competition To Work For Liberal Education
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Competition, an experience that human beings construct, is also a challenging concept to teach in a liberal education curriculum. Liberal education is, among other things, a celebration of what imaginative human beings can accomplish together with their differences and their common ground in sight. It is not self-evident, however, that such an ethic of connection, tolerance, and civility canencompass competition. Competition often unfolds as a divisive human experience. Divisiveness among certain human interests is a bedrock premise in the disciplines of economics and strategic management. Frequently, one or both of these disciplines can be found in an undergraduate curriculum alongside liberal education initiatives. The ethical aspirations that we hold for liberal education could be undermined by two disciplines in our very midst.This paper contains a defense of a curricular remedy for this threat to liberal education. With a focus on places, or sites, I create a framework with which we liberal educators can reinterpret competition as the routine practice of an ethic of connection, tolerance, and civility. This focus on sites is augmented when we set our sights photographically on places where competitors necessarily get along with one another. By re-conceiving competition in terms of the places and the sites of human togetherness, I render avoidable the intellectual disconnection between an ethics of liberal education and the divisive concept of competition. We liberal educators can claim competition-intensity, wins and losses, and all-for our educational enterprise.
109. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 19 > Issue: 2
Richard W. Miller Pro-life Moral Principles and Pro-life Strategies: Expanding the Catholic Imagination and Response to Abortion
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There has been a conflation by many Catholics of the Church's pro-life teaching with the strategy of overturning Roe v. Wade. In this paper, I argue that there are other ways for Catholics to think about and respond to the tragedy of abortion. First, I argue that there are serious limitations to the present legal strategy of overturning Roe. Second, I tum to social scientific data to describe the conditions that lead to abortions. Third, I argue that the Catholic strategy should be mindful of the limits of the present legal strategy and should bedeveloped in accord with what the social scientific data reveals. Finally, since the multiple factors that lead to abortions demand a complex multi-faceted response, I suggest some ways Catholics should respond to the abortion problem within the Church and the wider political sphere.
110. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 19 > Issue: 2
Danielle Poe Mothers' Civil Disobedience
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"Mothers' Civil Disobedience"In this paper, I consider how the nonviolent civil disobedience of Molly Rush and Cindy Sheehan reflect the inherent ambiguity of mothering in a militaristic society. First, if a mother says nothing and does nothing about the pervasive militarism in society the very lives of her children (as well as other children) are at risk. But, if a mother speaks out against militarism or commits an act of civil disobedience, she risks scorn and imprisonment that can interfere with, or make impossible much of the work of mothering. Second, part of mothering involves raising children to be socially acceptable, but in a militaristic society that which is socially acceptable is morally unacceptable. Rush and Sheehan use their particular context to successfully challenge U.S. militarism through non-violentcivil disobedience.
111. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 19 > Issue: 2
Andrew Fitz-Gibbon The Praxis of Nonviolence and the Care of Children Who Have Been Victims of Violence
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This paper is a reflection on a personal journey toward nonviolence, and looks particularly at the nonviolent care of children who have been victims of emotional, sexual and physical violence. It analyzes the philosophical threads of praxis, nonviolence and how moral sense is shaped through a triad of affective, reflective and elective experience. It concludes with a MacIntyrean perspective relating to the conjoining of theory and practice in the formation of a robust nonviolent praxis.
112. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 2 > Issue: 1
Brenda A. Wirkus Feminist Theory and Economic Fact: Philosophical Reflections on Liberalism Feminism
113. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 2 > Issue: 1
Arthur F. McGovern Women in Latin American Liberation Theology
114. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 2 > Issue: 1
Diana Pearce The Feminization of Poverty
115. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 2 > Issue: 1
Sandra M. Schneiders The Risk of Dialogue: The U.S. Bishops and Women in Conversation
116. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 2 > Issue: 2
Susan R. Grayzel Teaching Women’s Peace Studies: Thinking About Motherhood, War and Peace
117. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 2 > Issue: 2
Wm. D. Lindsey The English Industrial Revolution and Third-World Development: Critical Reflections on the Paradigm
118. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 2 > Issue: 2
Jens Langer “Get With It!”: The Ability of Systems and Their Components to Operate and Cooperate
119. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 2 > Issue: 2
Leonard Swidler Christian-Marxist Dialogue: An Uneven Past - A Reviving Present - A Necessary Future
120. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 2 > Issue: 2
Hugh Lacey Understanding the Aspirations of the Central American Liberation Movements