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Displaying: 121-140 of 485 documents

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121. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1/2
James Hatley Sensing Environmentalism Anew: Gestate Witness of a More-than-Human World in Merleau-Ponty
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Merleau-Ponty advances a notion of witness in The Visible and the Invisible, which could be termed “gestate.” Gestate witness involves an acknowledgement through one's own body of how another living entity is born into its own body. This notion of witness is helpful in answering Anthony Weston's challenge that a sufficiently positive notion of environmentalism and so of environmental responsibility be developed, one that takes seriously how we come into contact with a more-than-human animate world. The work of biologist Tarn Ream with Trillium ovatum serves as a case study in the aesthetic, ethical and ontological significance of gestate witness.
122. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1/2
Glenn Deliège Toward a Richer Account of Restorative Practices
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In this paper, I investigate the possibility of a rich account of ecological restoration. Starting from the apparent one-sided focus on science and technology within the nature conservation community in Flanders, Belgium, I first present an intuitive case against a restorative practice solely based on science and technology. I then argue that what constitutes good restorative practice must be informed by the historical Arcadian tradition in which nature appreciation and subsequent conservation in the West have taken shape. However, the way in which nature is perceived through that tradition seems highly external and stylized, and thus the question can be raised whether restorative practices based on this tradition can do nature itself any justice. Following the lead of Dutch sociologist Kris van Koppen, I argue that it can when the tradition is made flexible through a “conversation process” with nature. Such a conversation process can beachieved by engaging people in a sensual and bodily way in the restoration process. The result is that the richer account of the restorative practice contributes to the constitution of meaningful places that resist easy manipulation through science and technology.
123. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1/2
Allen Carlson The Requirements for An Adequate Aesthetics of Nature
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This essay presents a methodological framework for assessing the adequacy of philosophical accounts of the aesthetic appreciation of nature. The framework involves five requirements, each of which is labeled after a philosopher who has defended it. They are called Ziff's Anything Viewed Doctrine, Budd's As Nature Constraint, Berleant's Unified Aesthetics Requirement, Hepburn's Serious Beauty Intuition, and Thompson's Objectivity Desideratum. The conclusion of the essay is that most contemporary treatments of the aesthetics of nature fail to comply with one or more of these requirements and that only Scientific Cognitivism satisfies the framework consisting of all five.
124. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1/2
Nicolas de Warren Off the Beaten Path: The Artworks of Andrew Goldsworthy
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This essay explores Heidegger’s “The Origin of the Work of Art” and Andrew Goldsworthy’s artworks. Both Heidegger and Goldsworthy can be seen as refashioning our ontological bearings towards nature through the work of art. After introducing a set of distinctions (e.g., world/earth) in the context of Heidegger’s conception of the artwork as the event of truth, I argue that Heidegger’s releasing of the work of art from metaphysical notions of “the thing” illuminates the ambiguous status of Goldsworthy’s artworks as things. Goldsworthy’s crafting of artworks from natural materials exemplifies Heidegger’s concept of technē as the bringing forth of a work in the midst of phūsis, or beings that arise of their own accord.
125. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1/2
Kirsten Jacobson Heidegger’s Topology: Being, Place, World
126. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1/2
Jennifer Foster Toronto’s Leslie Street Spit: Aesthetics and the Ecology of Marginal Land
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This paper explores the construction of habitat that potentially imperils its inhabitants by considering the case of Toronto’s Leslie Street Spit and specific threats to coyotes and gulls occupying this urban dump and wilderness refuge. The paper argues that while there are many positive dimensions of aesthetic engagement, aesthetics may also blind humans to ecological problems experienced by nonhumans, and suggests a need to enhance aesthetic awareness with accounts derived from natural history and sciences.
127. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1/2
John Andrew Fisher Performing Nature
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Natural environments differ from artworks in two ways: (a) they are surroundings filled with objects, processes, and the observer, (b) they are natural, not intentionally created to be appreciated. I show that this serious problem for accounts of aesthetic appreciation of nature has led many thinkers in environmental aesthetics (e.g., Carlson and Rolston) to claim that appreciators should be actively engaged with a natural environment. But how? One suggestion has been that appreciators play the role of creative performers in the arts. I explore this analogy, distinguishing three different kinds of performance. I argue that none is a good fit as a model of nature appreciation but that the analogy sheds considerable light on environmental art, especially the site-specific artworks of Andy Goldsworthy.
128. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1/2
Leslie Ryan Art + Ecology: Land Reclamation Works of Artists Robert Smithson, Robert Morris, and Helen Mayer Harrison and Newton Harrison
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Post-industrial landscapes present a challenge to traditional means of aesthetic evaluation. This article examines the work of four artists and their contributions to an aesthetic vocabulary that can support art practices that engage places and systems rather than objects. Art presumes a manipulation of materials and places, a significant point for landscape reclamation which also requires a re-making of a site. The land reclamation projects and proposals of Robert Smithson, Robert Morris, and Helen Mayer Harrison and Newton Harrison are guides to an aesthetics that expands to include ethical relationships and responsibility for the well-being of the environment and others.
129. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1/2
Ted Toadvine Editorial Preface
130. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1/2
Arnold Berleant The Soft Side of Stone: Notes for a Phenomenology of Stone
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Stone represents the firmness and intransigence of the world within which we live and act. But beyond the perception and appropriations of stone, diverse meanings lie hidden between the hardness of stone and its uses. At the same time meaning must be grounded in the stabilizing presence of a common world. Yet if all that can be said is not about stone simpliciter but only an aesthetics of its perception, uses, and meanings, have we not gained the whole world but lost its reality? The underlying issue is therefore not aesthetic but ontological.
131. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1/2
Randall Honold Politics of Nature: How to Bring the Sciences into Democracy
132. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1/2
James Hatley Reports from a Wild Country: Ethics for Decolonisation
133. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1
Kenneth Maly Editorial Preface
134. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1
Eleanor D. Helms Language and Responsibility: The Possibilities and Problems of Poetic Thinking for Environmental Philosophy
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There is a sense in which poetry can re-inscribe humans in their natural surroundings, but language—even poetic language—is also always problematic. In conversation with and in response to recent works by David Abram, I will delineate at least two ways in which poetic language separates and distinguishes humans from nature. I also argue for the importance of what is implicit or invisible (as opposed to tangible and sensuous). Language is a mode of human responsibility for the world, not just a sign or result of being part of it.
135. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1
Stephanie Mills Going Back to Nature When Nature’s All But Gone
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Stephanie Mills presented the following as the keynote address at the 2007 Annual Meeting of the International Association for Environmental Philosophy in Chicago. Mills addresses the readers of this journal in her role as a bioregional author and social critic. Adopting a narrative style rather than the typical format of the “philosophical essay,” she raises questions that are always and still at the core of our philosophical dialogue: What is nature? How do we humans perceive our relationship with nature? And how may the blind spots of academic philosophy be discerned in traditional approaches to issues such as “nature versus humans,” the wilderness debate, and the possibility and limits of technology?
136. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1
David Kolb Ecoscapes: Geographical Patternings of Relations
137. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1
Janet Fiskio Ecology Without Nature: Rethinking Environmental Aesthetics
138. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1
Peter Heron The Incarnality of Being: The Earth, Animals, and the Body in Heidegger’s Thought
139. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1
Christopher Dustin Thoreau’s Living Ethics: Walden and the Pursuit of Virtue
140. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1
Geoffrey Frasz The Ecological Life: Discovering Citizenship and a Sense of Humanity