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141. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Radu Vasile Chialda From "The Worlds" of Hegel to "The Civilizations" of Huntington and "The Waves" of Toynbee
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Starting from the cyclic principle in the process of a society's development, invoking „the end of history" that Hegel mentions, adding the paradoxical principle of Huntington's civilizations, of a unity in diversity, through which we can have a clear and universal image of the conflicts, as actions generated by a cultural-religious interaction, and passing these through the filter of the noble origin of the Occidental civilization, we renew a typology of the inter-societies conflict and we keep the possibility of finding some methods for settling them.
142. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Laura Arcila Villa On Teaching Philosophy
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Wittgenstein's conception of philosophy raises two questions about the teaching of philosophy and its place in a liberal arts curriculum. First, Wittgenstein denies that philosophy is a body of doctrine, affirms that it is an activity, and assumes that the two alternatives are incompatible. This implies that teaching a body of content is not teaching philosophy and leaves open the question whether there is any relevant sense of "teaching" appropriate to the activity. On the other hand, Wittgenstein understands ethics to be an autonomous inquiry, separate from philosophy, into what is most valuable and important. This view suggests that concerns about our human condition and future are beyond the reach of philosophy, and leaves open the question whether insight into them through philosophy is possible at all.I discuss central features of Wittgenstein's conception of philosophy to explore answers to these questions and to reject the suggestion that philosophy could turn out to be utterly irrelevant in the education and life of students. I propose that the value of philosophy resides in what we do and take Wittgenstein's eloquent metaphor from Philosophical Investigations as a point of reference: "what we do is to bring words back from their metaphysical to their everyday uses". Philosophy, therefore, is not something we can teach, even though it is an activity we should encourage.
143. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Frederic Will Language, Time, and Die Tat: What do I remember when I remember that my wife said to get milk on the way home?
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"Die Tat" concerns the effort to recapture a particular memory. In searching to recover that memory trace the writer discovers that the memory datum itself diffuses and breaks up into the present remembering action of the one who remembers. The essay anatomizes that process of diffusion, and tries to come up with a definition of memory.
144. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Marius Sidoriuc The Concept of Ruin and the Ruin of Concepts
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In the following pages I attempted to elaborate, in situ, on the conceptual reshapings realized by the concept of ruin and the ruin of concept starting from thequestion of the legitimacy of their construction. Ruins have an aesthetic, moral, political and religious power supervened on account of what historical, archaeological, epistemological, philosophical and other types of interpretation reorientate which is not conferred by their simple “objectality” but by the concept that includes them which shows a mutual inversion of the conceptual and causative connection of the forming process of ruins. I limited myself to searching how the concept of ruin is formed and the ruin of concepts shows structures which fall into topos (textual sources) and objects from which ruins are taken, without analyzing the multitude of concepts about ruins which require, methodically, separate analyses.
145. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
A.L. Samian Newton's Perspective on Mathematical Problems
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Isaac Newton's (1642-1727) contribution to the quantitative aspects of mathematics are well known compared to his views on it's qualitative aspect. In this paper, the author attempts to examine Newton.s position with regard to the orientation of mathematical problems based on some of his own writings on the subject.
146. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Tomiţă Ciulei Nihil est in intellectu quod non primus fuerit in sensu. The limits of Gnoseologic Paradigm, from Aristotle to Locke
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The limits of gnoseologic paradigm, from Aristotle to Locke. The effort here has its basis in the need to overcome limits of interpretation, tabulations and classifications that often accompany analyses on classic empirism, in general and his Locke, in particular. We try to find aut in Greek philosophy the germs of moderat empirism. And if Aristotel is undeniable, such a possible start, will wonder, perhaps, Plato's thought.
147. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Maximiliano E. Korstanje Delinquency, Crime and Order under Debate
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Western societies characterize by promoting material well-being enrooted in legal-rational administration as a form of development. Although, the study of crime has been broadly studied in recent years, many scholars devoted attention in analysing the bridge between authority and penitentiaries. This paper obliges us to rethink the relationship between mythopoeia, punishment and crime. Social deviation is often represented as a taboo wherein offender is loathed. Each group in different ways legitimates their own ways of economical production. Our modern capitalist world is provided with an impersonal logic based on imbalances of class and the exploitation of weaker workers. Inversely, the life in prison draws on solidarity considering violence and strength as a mechanism for social upward. From this point of view, everyone who abused of weakest in their crimes are subdued to the authority of all who are jailed due to crimes committed against strongest, the State or the Police. Not only the logic of civility is upheld, but also the prisoners trivialize the power of State in spite of rehearsed hardermethod of repression. Certainly, by understanding the nuances of this discourse in sites of imprisonment are a pathway to realize about the limitations of our own society and style of life. The otherness calls our difference questioning our proper way of constructing the reality.
148. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 2
David Cornberg Power, Complexity and Post-Visual Attention
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The transition from modernity to post-modernity features changes in values amplified by an enormous increase in visual stimuli. This increase motivates analysis of the power of attention to create the present. Complexity theory illuminates this power and leads to the startling conclusion that we spend much of our waking life in a gap of nonexistence.
149. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 2
Nicolae Râmbu Nihilism as Axiological Illness
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The presentation of nihilism as a phenomenon integrated in the category of illnesses is very common in the scientific literature. This paper is centered on the fact that nihilism is a major disease of the axiological conscience, an illness that can be diagnosed and treated by the philosopher like a 'physician of culture.'
150. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 2
Simona Mitroiu, Elena Adam Signs of Memory and Traces of Oblivion
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The main objectives of this paper are to analyze the relation between memory and oblivion and their exterior forms to the level of physical and cultural space. The notion of memory places (defined as accumulations of signs of identity and their materializations) is presented in its two manifestations: as memory landmarks (connection points to the collective past) and as memory signs. The distinction is based on the power of memory to remind us who we are, but also what we forgot about ourselves. We divided the paper in several parts.
151. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 2
Robert C. Trundle Women's Fashion: Function of Sex or Social Construction?
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A perennial influence on the aesthetics of fashion, fostered by Plato and Aristotle, is challenged today by a prevalent social constructionism. The latter embraces an impracticable biodenial as well as an incoherent epistemic relativism, reminiscent of Greek Sophism, whereby truth-claims about good fashion may be both true and false either in the same culture at different times or at the same time in different cultures. But a normative aesthetics of Aristotle and Plato, that affirms an epistemic realism, roots women's fashion in their psychobiological nature. The relation of this nature to their sex proceeds paripassu with an erogeneity proper to women's fashion. The case for this fashion as a mode of art that fulfills the complementary natures of men as well as women is not merely coherent. Beyond the coherence, the case is evidenced by the healthfulness of good art that ranges from its beneficial effects in architecture to medical findings on beautiful music such as Bach, Mozart, Celtic and Indian.
152. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 2
Maximiliano E. Korstanje Influence of Norse Mythical Archetype in Frederich Nietzche Thought: Predestination and Totalitarianism
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The Second World War symbolizes how a radical evil can be embodied in human minds. After holocaust many scholars tried to bond Frederic Nietzsche as theprecursor of Nationalsocialism. Quite aside from such a fallacy, the present article not only intends to recover the thought of this outstanding philosopher but also trace on the roots of ancient Norse mythology in the inception of existentialism and capitalism. Echoing the contribution of a previous article written originally by Martin Jenkins, we put our efforts in explaining the liaison between mythical archetype and the world of ideas.
153. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 2
Nicolito A. Gianan Upholding Philosophy as Emerging from Culture: The Case of Filipino Philosophy
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This article is intended to promote the role of culture in the conception of philosophy, upholding the notion that philosophy emerges from culture. In fact, thisattempt goes with the contention that philosophy does not subsist in a vacuum; philosophy requires a culture of human beings, capable of thinking and reasoning - a requirement that is universal and universalizable. In this context, the writer is compelled to exemplify this role, and maintain the case that Filipino philosophy emerges from a Filipino culture. The Filipino is a human being with a capability that engenders one's Filipino identity. Hence, the recognition of this identity is indicative of the existence of a Filipino culture in which Filipino philosophy subsists.
154. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 2
Frederic Will Saving Time and Paying for the World
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This essay illustrates senses in which linear time can be proven to be non existent. Yet, as the essay agrees, the practical use of linear time, as an organizational principle in life, is unquestionable. Do we live a lie by relying on the non existent to undergird our lives? Or is lie a misleading, and naïve, word for our solution to this state of affairs?
155. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 2
Anton Carpinschi Recognition Culture and Comprehensive Truth. Towards a Model of Fallibility Assumed
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The aim of this paper is to single out the path towards a model of fallibility assumed by the establishment and implementation of the culture of recognition and comprehensive truth. Starting from the hypostases of the human, this anthropological model defines the fallible human being, the author of the comprehensive truth oriented towards the culture of recognition. The main idea of this demarche is, in fact, that between recognition and comprehension there is a deep, organic connection and the comprehensive truth lies at the basis of the culture of recognition.
156. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 2
Alexandru Petrescu The Rehabilitation of Philosophy as Therapeutics. Martin Heidegger
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Can we still talk today about a therapeutically dimension of philosophy? To what extent does Heidegger's philosophy exhibit such a dimension? And how can we reconcile this aspect of Heidegger's thought with his political involvement in 1933? These are some of the questions starting from which I will try to show that Heidegger's philosophical thought presupposes indeed a therapeutic that the thinker assumed even in his own life, a life that is not reducible to his 'unforgivable failure' in 1933. I will begin with an account of Being and Time's existential analytic, the main thread of which is the distinction between Dasein's authenticity and inauthenticity. Next I will try to grasp some of the importance of Heidegger's investigation regarding Dasein's determination as a 'thinker and speaker of being (Sein)', that is, regarding ec-sistence. I will then try to account for the meaning of the 'question regarding technology' and implicitly Heidegger's solution regarding overcoming the condition of a 'gregarious slave of Ge-stell' through cultivation of the so-called 'poetic theology.' I will conclude by signaling some life-file elements of the 'faithless monk from the Black Forest' (as Heidegger is sometimes called), elements that signal a certain correspondence between the philosopher's life and the therapeutic aspect present implicitly in his philosophy.
157. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 1
Maximiliano E. Korstanje Understanding the Disaster: The Case of Cromagnon Sanctuary in Buenos Aires, Argentina, a Place where Conflict, Religion and Power Converge
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The present piece is aimed at discussing the relationship between religion and political power. Basically, social psychology like other humanistic sciences had been fully impacted by the effects of first and Second World War. Under such a context, many scholars devoted particular attention to the study of prejudice and discrimination. In the following pages we will try to synthesize how religion contributes for the conformation of ideology and social depictions. In part, this does not suffice to affirm religion is responsible for nationalism but both share analogical element in their respective formations. This paper is accompanied with the analysis of an empirical research carried out from 2006-2007 in Cromagnon Sanctuary, Buenos Aires Argentina. In brief, let us readers to remind that on 30 December of 2004, more than 400 hundred youths congregated to celebrate a new year and hear Callejeros recital, their favorite Rock and Roll band. But came out wrong whenever a flare impacted in the ceiling firing suddenly all stadiums wherein this event was being carried out. As a result of this tragic accident, 194people died and more than 400 manifested diverse respiratory chronic pathologies. This event was well known as the Republic of Cromagnon tragedy.
158. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 1
Elif Çirakman “The Inwardness of the Modern Mind”: Reading Henry James through a Hegelian Spirit
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The aim of this article is to investigate the ways in which memory and imagination operate in and through the development of consciousness in literary texts. Itsguiding theme shall be the double consciousness in modern life which sets the plot for one of the masterpieces of Henry James, The Ambassadors (1903). Thus The Ambassadors artfully crafts the “inwardness of the modern mind” by plotting it as a process of maturity and of becoming mindful through the powers of imagination, recollection and memory. The prospect of the novel consists in the possibility of envisioning a sense of freedom or of life that is one’s own making. The interpretation that I endorse here is guided by the question of intimacy and its relation to freedom, and is made in the light of what Hegel says in his Philosophy of Mind with regard to the development of mind’s powers. This assessment may disclose a way of learning and growing through becoming mindful of the oppositions that pervade the modern mind. Henry James and Hegel, each in their unique way, recollect this lesson that modern life teaches by raising it to a higher consciousness as we find in the form of their art and philosophy.
159. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 1
George D. Stănciulescu Towards an (In)Aesthetic Theory of Music
160. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 1
Kiymet Selvi Teachers’ Competencies
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The aim of this article is to discuss and clarify the general framework of teachers’ competencies. The general framework regarding teacher competencies wereexplained in nine different dimensions as field competencies, research competencies, curriculum competencies, lifelong learning competencies, social-cultural competen cies, emotional competencies, communication competencies, information and communication technologies competencies (ICT) and environmental competencies. Teachers’ competencies affect their values, behaviors, communication, aims and practices in school and also they support professional development and curricular studies. Thus, the discussion on teachers’ competencies to improve the teaching-learning process in school is of great importance.