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161. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
James Hatley Editorial Preface
162. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Joan Maloof The Naming of Things
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Knowing the Latin binomial name for a species opens up a world of knowledge, but there is another way of knowing that does not involve names.
163. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Jason Wirth When Species Meet
164. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Patricia Monaghan “The Shaman Spiderthrasher Relates the Legend of Massagu, the Mosquito Hero” (poem)
165. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Cheryl Lousley When the Whale Responds: Narrating the Ethical Subject in Farley Mowat’s A Whale for the Killing
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The essay discusses the significance of narrative for environmental ethics by attending to the conventions of autobiography in Farley Mowat’s anti-whaling text, A Whale for the Killing. A tension emerges in environmental nonfiction narrative between the desire to transcend the self and its expression in autobiographical form, which necessarily places the self at the centre of the narrative. I trace the construction of the narrator’s and whale’s ethical personae to argue that even as Mowat’s narration of a subject-to-subject encounter challenges the ontological and ethical divide between “human” and “animal,” it nevertheless reconstructs a liberal-humanist notion of subjectivity.
166. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Daniela Elza “In the Eye of the Crow” (poem)
167. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Richard Evanoff A Coevolutionary Framework for Environmental Ethics
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A coevolutionary approach to environmental ethics recognizes the extent to which cultural practices and natural processes interact with and coadapt themselves to each other, but also acknowledges the extent to which each preserves a measure of autonomy from the other. The paper begins by outlining a coevolutionary theory that sees nature and culture in transactional rather than in dualistic terms and by presenting a coevolutionary view of cultural adaptation. The paper then considers how a coevolutionary framework for ethics can be developed that sees human well-being and the environment as interrelated rather than as separate areas of ethical concern.
168. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Isabelle Stengers, Taylor S. Hammer Toward a Speculative Approach to Biological Evolution
169. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Jozef Keulartz Boundary Work in Ecological Restoration
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Two protracted debates about the moral status of animals in ecological restoration projects are discussed that both testify to the troubling aspects of our inclination to think in terms of dualisms and dichotomies. These cases are more or less complementary: the first one is about the (re)introduction of species that were once pushed out of their native environment; the other one concerns the elimination or eradication of “exotic” and “alien” species that have invaded and degraded ecosystems. Both cases show the detrimental impact of dualistic thinking on ecological restoration projects. In the first case, communication and cooperation between stakeholders is frustrated by the opposition of zoocentrism and ecocentrism; in the second case the opposition of nativism and cosmopolitanism appears to be a major stumbling block for consensus building and conflict management. I will argue that “gradualization”—thinking in terms of degrees instead of boundaries—can offer a way out of this black-and-white thinking and can open up space for negotiation and deliberation among different and sometimes diverging perspectives.
170. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Jonathan Parker Onto-Ethologies: The Animal Environments of Uexküll, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, and Deleuze
171. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Peter Heron An Ontology of Trash: The Disposable and its Problematic Nature
172. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Leonard Lawlor Auto-Affection and Becoming (Part I): Who are We?
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This essay pursues a double strategy to transform our human collective relation to animal life. On the one hand, and this strategy is due to Derrida’s thought, it attempts to criticize the belief that humans have a kind of subjectivity that is substantially different from that of animals, the belief that humans have in their self-relation (called auto-affection) a relation of pure self-presence. On the other hand, the essay attempts to enlarge the idea of auto-affection to include the voices and looks of animals in us. Being in us, the image of animal suffering changes who we are. Hence the subtitle. This second strategy is due to Deleuze’s (or more precisely Deleuze and Guattari’s) thought. In fact, a large portion of this essay is devoted to a conceptual reconstruction of Deleuze and Guattari’s important concept of becoming. I argue that there are two central features of this concept. First, the concept of becoming involves a process of desubjectification which allows for the image of animal suffering to inhabit our consciousness as a “feverish thought.” Second, the outcome of becoming is not only that, due to the feverish thought, we change, but also that we write about this experience in order to lead others to it. The essay ends therefore by invoking a kind of writing—folktales—as a way of calling for a “people to come” (Deleuze) or a “democracy to come” (Derrida).
173. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Peter Blair Heidegger and Homecoming: The Leitmotif in the Later Writings
174. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Nicolas de Warren Nature, Aesthetics, and Environmentalism: From Beauty to Duty
175. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
William Edelglass Philosophy and Animal Life
176. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Bryan E. Bannon Animals, Language, and Life: Searching for Animal Attunement with Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty
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This essay elaborates the meaning of Merleau-Ponty’s conception of life as “a power to invent the visible” by differentiating it from Heidegger’s claim, in The Fundamental Concepts of Metaphysics, that the essence of humanity is to be world-forming. By considering how history and language influence conceptions of life, the essay argues that the various forms of animal life are structurally similar to human life, while at the same time are different insofar as different species exhibit distinct ways of living their bodies. Thus, one can maintain a metaphysical continuity between different bodies, while ensuring their difference and specificity.
177. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 6 > Issue: 2
J. Aaron Simmons Echoes of Responsibility in Merleau-Ponty’s Ecology and Levinas’s Ethics: State University of New York Press
178. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 6 > Issue: 2
Michael Mikulak The Silence That Can Speak: Nature, Ethics, and Interspecies Cosmopolitics
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This article looks at the question of animality and silence in terms of developing a theory of interspecies cosmopolitics based on ecological dissensus. By starting with the author’s own experiences taking care of chickens, this article engages the question of environmental ethics within the gastronomic axis, theweb of life that binds all beings in the shared need to eat. By examining the philosophical roots of silence and abjectness that often characterizes the animal, the author argues for an ecologically oriented celebration of bare life as a means of recognizing silence as a form of politics that moves beyond the human.
179. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 6 > Issue: 2
Meg Mott Eco-Sufficiency and Global Justice: Women Write Political Ecology
180. Environmental Philosophy: Volume > 6 > Issue: 2
Keith Peterson Environmental Values