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21. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Niall Shanks, Keith Green Evolution and the Ethics of Animal Research
22. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Sarah E. McFarland Of Bears and Women: The Ethics of Gender in Barry Lopez’s Arctic Dreams
23. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Lisa Kretz Peter Carruthers and Brute Experience; Descartes Revisited
24. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
C. Tucker, C. MacDonald Beastly Contractarianism?: A Contractarian Analysis of the Possibility of Animal Rights
25. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
David Boersema Review of The Road since Structure, by Thomas S. Kuhn, ed. James Conant and John Haugeland
26. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Darren Abramson Review of Rationality in Action, by John R. Searle
27. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Karim Dharamsi Review of Historical Ontology, by Ian Hacking
28. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
John Corcoran Review of Michael Dummett, by Bernhard Weiss
29. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Anthony Everett Review of Words Without Meaning, by Christopher Gauker
30. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Michael Goodman Review of Quintessence: Basic Readings From the Philosopyhy of W.V. Quine, ed. Roger F. Gibson, Jr.
31. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Stefano Franchi Review of Fearless Speech, by Michel Foucault, ed. Joseph Pearson
32. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Laura Duhan Kaplan, Ellyn Ritterskamp Review of Philosophy & This Actual World: An Introduction to Practical Philosophical Inquiry, by Martin Benjamin
33. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Richard D. Kortum Review of Mind, Value, and Reality, by John McDowell
34. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Joseph W. Koterski Review of Thomist Realism and the Linguistic Turn: Toward a More Perfect Form of Existence, by John P. O’ Callaghan
35. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Matthew McKeon Review of Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, by Ludwig Wittgenstein, trans. C. K. Ogden
36. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Brook J. Sadler Review of Natural Goodness, by Philippa Foot
37. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Steven Michel Review of The Shortest Shadow: Nietzsche’s Philosophy of the Two, by Alenka Zupancic
38. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
James E. Roper, David M. Zin Review of Rationality and Freedom, by Amartya Sen
39. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Karim Dharamsi Introduction to Vol. 7, No. 2
40. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Nikolay Milkov Mesocosmological Descriptions: An Essay in the Extensional Ontology of History
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The following paper advances a new argument for the thesis that scientific and historical knowledge are not different in type. This argument makes use of a formal ontology of history which dispenses with generality, laws and causality. It views the past social world as composed of Wittgenstein’s Tractarian objects: of events, ordered in ontological dependencies. Theories in history advance models of past reality which connect—in experiment—faces of past events in complexes. The events themselves are multi-grained so that we can connect together different faces of theirs without counterfeiting history. This means that, on the basis of the same set of facts, historians can produce different models of past events, in which different dependences are brought forth. A conception of this kind substantiates an objectivist account of the recurrent falsifications of the theories in history.