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21. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 2
Phillip Mitsis Cicero on Epicurean Friendship: A Reappraisal
22. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 2
Christos Evangeliou Hippocrates as Model of the Philosophic Physician for Galen
23. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 2
Christos Ath. Terezis Leontius of Byzantium: Introduction to his Methodology, Christian Thought Meets Aristotelianism
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In this article, which considering the history of philosophy is an example of how Christianity meets Hellenism, we drew the following conclusions, relying on Leontius of Byzantium’s treatise entitled Contra Nestorianos et Eutychianos:A) Throughout the entire approach, the Christian thinker uses both the philosophical concepts –such as “hypostasis”, “nature”, “universal”, “atom”, “form”, “subject”– and the arguments derived from the theoretical field of Logic in order to explain Christian questions, mostly related with Metaphysics. He is actually quite an eclecticist and that is why we may not allege that he follows a particular philosopher or that he expresses and applies an authentic philosophical theory with internal terms of justification.B) He attempts to implicitly show how necessary is both the syllogisms and the arguments to rely on particular methodological principles. There is a tendency in his work to define in clear terms his issues, mainly as regards how Logic is distinguished from Ontology, as well as how they combine one another. His theological direction, however, does not allow him to be completely consistent with the philosophical material that he uses. Either way, the goal of his research is not strictly philosophical.C) Although he applies analytical elaboration and explanation of the philosophical concepts that he uses with great accuracy, he does not actually insist on them. This is probably because either he has already elaborated them in other works of his or because his readers were familiar with them. Nevertheless, he constitutes a clear example to understand what could be defined as Byzantine Logic, which is influenced by Aristotle, Porphyry and Proclus, although they are not mentioned in his texts.
24. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 2
Anastasia Marinopoulou The Normative Challenge in Ethics
25. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 2
Dionysios A. Anapolitanos Plato and the Mathematical Objects
26. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 4
David Sider Staging Plato’s Symposium
27. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 4
Darren Gardner Thought Experiments: Dianoia as Propaedeutic Reasoning in Plato’s Parmenides
28. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 4
Nathan Nicol Revealing Malice: Phthonos in Philebus 47d - 50d
29. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 4
Enrico Piergiacomi Chasing Death while... Fleeing it: A common Critique in Democritus, Epicureans, and Seneca
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Democritus, the Epicureans, and Seneca were deeply interested in the topic of the fear of death. They believed that this passion is generated by many wrong beliefs about its harmfulness that must be removed in order to help individuals lead a blissful mortal life. But all three also affirmed that, in some extreme cases, the fear of dying leads humans to paradoxically search for the very death they are trying to flee. Indeed, they argued that the fear of death sometimes results in self-destruction or suicide, and sometimes in a bad and unhappy form of life that is a state close to death, a condition comparable to «a long time in dying» (Democritus), of the sleepwalker (the Epicureans), or of a “half-life” (Seneca). In this paper, I try, on the one hand, to explain what this movement of the “escape-chase” of death is, and on the other, to recognize both the similarities and the differences between the three moralists.
30. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 4
Jon Miller Two Problems in the Stoic Theory of Phantasiai
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Stoic scholarship over the past several decades has identified the centrality of phantasiai or impressions for their accounts of action, determinism, and overall moral theory.ii While not disputing the importance of impressions, I do think that there are important unresolved issues surrounding their interpretation. In this paper, I shall identify two of those problems. Though I shall hint at a possible solution to one of the problems, my goal is not to placate but to agitate, for (as I argue in my conclusion) these problems ought to be disquieting to those interested in understanding Stoicism.
31. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 4
Paul A. Vander Waerdt Carneades’ Challege to the Stoic Theory of Natural Law
32. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 4
Joseph G. DeFilippo Cicero and the Stoic Defense of Divination
33. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 4
David Robertson Plotinus On Disorderly Men in Political Communities
34. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 4
Brad Inwood The Pitfalls of Perfection: Stoicism for non - sages
35. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 4
Michael Erler Mulier tam imperiosae autoritas (Boeth., Cons. 1.1.13): On the Relationship Between autoritas and Philosophia in Greek and Roman Philosophy
36. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 4
Paul Schollmeier An Aristotelian Key to Samurai Ch’i
37. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 4
Franco Manni Herbert Mac Cabe’s Philosophical Anthropology
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From the ideas of Aristotle, De Saussure and Wittgenstein, philosopher Herbert McCabe elaborated an original anthropology. 'Meaning' means: the role played by a part towards the whole. Senses are bodily organs and sensations allow an animal to get fragments of the external world which become 'meaningful' for the behaviour of the whole animal Besides sensations, humans are ‘linguistic animals’ because through words they are able to 'communicate', that is, to share a peculiar kind of meanings: concepts. Whereas, sense-images are stored physically in our brain and cannot be shared, even though we can relate to sense-images by words (speech coincides with thought). However, concepts do not belong to the individual human being qua individual, but to an interpersonal entity: the language system. Therefore, on the one hand, to store images is a sense-power and an operation of the brain, whereas the brain (quite paradoxically!) is not in itself the organ of thought. On the other hand, concepts do not exist on their own.
38. Politeia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 4
Odysseus Makridis Max A. Freund, Max Fernandez de Castro, and Marco Ruffino, (eds.) Logic and the Philosophy of Logic: Recent Trends in Latin America and Spain; J. P. Brune, R. Stern and M. Werner, eds.Transcendental Arguments in Moral Theory