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21. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 13
Thom Brooks Punishment and Reincarnation: Does one Affect the Other?
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The doctrine of reincarnation is endorsed by various philosophers in both the Western and Eastern traditions. This paper will explore the relationship between reincarnation and legal punishment. Three competing views of reincarnation will be analyzed on this issue: Plato's work on Socrates, the Bhagavad Gita, and Mahayana Buddhism. Each view presents interesting, but different perspectives on how our view of the person might affect how we punish. The paper will claim that there are practical implications on the administration of justice linked witli each view of reincarnation. Rather than an area we should neglect, perhaps we miglit improve our understanding of punishment in our societj' when we better account for the beliefs held by members of the society. Key words: Buddhism, death, Hinduism, Mahayana, Plato, punishment, reincarnation, Socrates Then the Lord said, 'Now that the man has become as we are, knowing good from bad, what i f he eats the fruit of the Tree of Life and lives forever?' Genesis 4:22
22. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 13
Joel Wilcox Sunyata and Non-Human Rights
23. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 13
J. L. Shaw The Nyaya On Number
24. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 13
Sukharanjan Saha Adhunika Praticya Pramanamimamsa
25. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 13
Paul J. Williams Indian Buddhism and Western Moral Theory: Santideva's Bodhicaryavatara as a From of Virtue Ethics
26. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 14
Keya Maitra Meanings of 'Multiculturalism': Can Philosophy be Taught from a truly Multiculturalist Perspective?
27. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 14
Alan Preti Mysticism and Brahman-realization
28. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 14
Frank Chappel The conceptualization of gods in Hindu communities and Universal aspects of the Divine
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The modem Hindu understanding of divinity has been preserved throughout the history of the religion by the ritual practice of successive generations of believers. Coming to understand the cultural origins and elaborations of the Hindu perception of the Divine can be perplexing to the individual situated in a Judeo-Christian cultural context. Likewise, making sense of Hindu ritual may also be confusing to the Westerner considering the negative light "idol worship" has been given by Judaism and Christianity. The purpose of this paper is to investigate Hindu ritual via participant observation in an effort to comprehend the creation and transmission of the Hindu community's perception of the divine. The ethnographic data gathered herein supports a unique and often forgotten paradigm of religion as a system of bonds within a kinship structure originally perpetuated by William Robertson Smith. In light of such data, the application of Robertson Smith's theoretical perspective, and more modem interpretations of ancestral cult worship, significant light may be shed on the relationship of the contemporary Hindu to their pantheon and permits one to understand the cultural perception of god(s) as integrated members of the believing community. These results support an interpretive paradigm of Religion as a system of bonds created via a process of abstraction of familial bonds that may be applied more broadly to many conceptualizations of gods and ancestors cross-culturally.
29. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 14
Kisor K. Chakrabarti AAtmatattvaviveka (Analysis of the Nature of the Self) An Annotated Translation: The Argument from lacking Productivity Simultaneously and Successively
30. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 14
Ajay Verma Bhartrhari's Verbal Holism: Some Hermeneutical Queries
31. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 14
K. R. Sundararajan One and many-the Ontology of change in Ramanuja and Bhaskara
32. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 14
David Dillard Wright Breath of Wisdom: Towards a Philosophy of Respiration and Circulation
33. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 14
Itay Ihrl The Unique Mysticism of Spinoza and Nagarjuna
34. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 14
Nancy Snow Shedding Colonialized Identities: A Comparison and Contrast of Gandhi and Fanon
35. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 14
J. Randall Groves Musical Memes and Cultural Colonization
36. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 15
Eviatar Shulman Vasubandhu on Truth and Subjectivity
37. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 15
Linda K. Mackey The Power of Truth: Gandhi and Martin Luther King
38. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 15
Michael P. Goldsmith Mutual Metaphysical Musings: A Connparative Analysis of Śamkara's and Vasubandhu's Ontological Schennata
39. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 15
Melanie K. Johnson-Moxley "Our Jane" and Gitā-yoga: Non-Gender Exclusiveness of the Bhagavad-Gitā
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Suppose that the protagonist of the Bhagavad-Gitā had been a woman. Would Krishna's message to her have been the same as it was to the morally tormented warrior Arjuna? Could it have been, without violating the essential intentions of this work? Consider the historical case of Lakşmibai, the Rani of Jhansi, a rare and legendary female warrior who lived, fought and died in nineteenth-century Colonial India. For the sake of argument, one could imagine her in Arjuna's place and ask: what if she had experienced Arjuna's moment of moral doubt (and spiritual need) before taking to the battlefield? Would the answers for her be the same as they were for Arjuna? Or to put it another way: is there a gender-exclusiveness in the message of the Gitā?Upon close examination, this does not appear to be the case. The three-fold discipline described by Krishna, or Gitā-yoga" to borrow a phrase from Bina Gupta, is multi-faceted precisely because human beings are different from each other as individuals; yet it is capable of being articulated as a universalizable discipline because human beings are fundamentally the same with respect to their humanity and mortality, irrespective of gender, occupation or circumstances. Anyone can pursue Gitā-yoga in order to act morally and realize spiritual satisfaction, albeit the particulars of that pursuit are expected to vary according to individual capacity, character and disposition. The Gitā does not at any point, however, draw distinctions between the duties, virtues or spiritual capacities of persons on the basis of gender. Lakşmibai serves as an excellent example of a woman who could potentially realize all three aspects of Gitā-yoga, further belying any temptation to interpret Krishna's message as surreptitiously gender-exclusive and thus strengthening a case for its applicability as a moral philosophy for a contemporary world.
40. Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion: Volume > 15
Kevin M. Brien Humanistic Marxism and Buddhism: Complementaries
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In this paper I argue that Buddhism and humanistic-Marxism have much in common, and that they really are quite complementary in many ways. Early on I cite the Dalai Lama and some remarks he makes in relation to Buddhism and Marxism—remarks that seem not to make a distinction between orthodox-Marxism and humanistic-Marxism. I then go on to give a brief sketch of some of the central aspects of humanistic-Marxism; and in doing 50 I draw from a number of well-known Eastern European philo-sophers. Among other things, I focus on the relation between the early and late Marx, "praxis", 'free conscious activity", historical materialism, the spiritual dimension in Marx and its role in social transformations, etc. After a brief indication of the Buddhist "four noble truths", I bring out that both Marx and Buddha are deeply concerned about human suffering; but that there is an important difference in emphasis with respect to the external and internal Factors associated with human suffering. I go on to bring out that both perspectives agree that there is no creator God, or eternal soul; and that both perspectives see reality as process in character. For each perspective this means that things are what they are by virtue of the dynamic interrelations they have with other things. whether directly and indirectly. I bring out that both perspectives begin their analysis of the human condition with the given situation in which human beings find themselves, and that both perspectives see human beings as the makers of themselves, but that they do so in somewhat different ways. Also both perspectives see human beings as making themselves on the basis of the ways they have made themselves in the past, but as doing so in ways that are not fatalistic. In this connection I compare the Buddhist view of karma, and an overlapping view of social karma in Marx. Also I discuss Buddhism ancj Marxism with respect to the notion of the ego-self, and the question of whether there are many different forms of the ego-self; and if so, how such different forms might come about, and what this would mean in relation to the Buddhist notion of ''samsara". Finally, ! point to a way that humanistic-Marxism could consistently acknowledge a possible transcendence of the ego-self. In passing I point out that the notion of "unalienated spirituality" in Marx has much in common with the Buddhist notion of "enlightenment".