Displaying: 201-220 of 592 documents

0.201 sec

201. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Michael G. Cartwright Peace to War: Shifting Allegiances in the Assemblies of God
202. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Suzanne Toton The Peacebuilding Potential of Catholic Relief Services Savings and Internal Lending Communities In Rwanda
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
Catholic Relief Services (CRS), the international humanitarian agency of the U.S. Catholic community, has worked in Rwanda since 1963. The 1994 Rwandan genocide killed five of its staff, countless co-workers, friends and relatives; its offices were looted and operations destroyed. The genocide marked a turning point in the agency’s history. Since then CRS has made justice, peacebuilding, and solidarity agency priorities, and has committed itself to fully integrate them into all of its partnerships and programming. The focus of this study is an innovative microfinance methodology, Savings and Internal Lending Communities (SILC), which CRS recently introduced in Rwanda. While the purpose of CRS’ SILC programming in Rwanda is to promote greater economic security, particularly for Orphans and other Vulnerable Children (OVCs), and women’s empowerment, this essay explores its peacebuilding potential in the country. It raises the question of whether it is possible to conceive of Rwanda’s SILC groups as social spaces for peace where a culture of peace and peacebuilding skills may already be being generated. It suggests that if identified as such and developed more intentionally, CRS’ SILC programming in Rwanda could play a more significant and integral role in securing the peace Rwandans long for.In July 2008 five Villanova University faculty members and I traveled to Rwanda, spending a total of eight days in country.1 The purpose of the trip was to learn more about the 1994 genocide, the effort to rebuild the country, and in particular, the U.S. Catholic community’s contribution to that effort through Catholic Relief Services (CRS). In addition to visiting memorials to the victims of the genocide and meeting with representatives from the Rwandan Catholic Church, the University of Rwanda, and the Rwandan government, we had the opportunity to observe some of CRS’ programming and meet with CRS’ small U.S. staff and its much larger Rwandan staff working with its Rwandan partner agencies. We visited a field hospital where patients were being treated for HIV/AIDS; agricultural projects aimed at containing cassava blight and improving yield; projects to teach orphans and other vulnerable children (OVCs) and the blind trades to enable them to earn income to support themselves and their families; elementary school classrooms; a retreat center where diocesan justice and peace animators were being trained in grassroots peacebuilding skills; and a Savings and Internal Lending Community (SILC) group. In this article, I would like to focus on CRS’ SILC programming, and in particular, what I believe to be its potential to contribute to peacebuilding in Rwanda.
203. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Rocco Puopolo Propositions of the Second African Bishops Synod: A Selection and Introduction
204. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Todd David Whitmore “My Tribe is Humanity”: An Interview with Archbishop John Baptist Odama
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
In August 2006, after twenty years of armed conflict, the Ugandan government and the rebel Lord’s Resistance Army came to a ceasefire agreement. While the LRA has moved its activity into neighboring countries, there has been peace—or at least the absence of overt conflict—in Uganda. The ecumenical Acholi Religious Leaders Peace Initiative (ARLPI) was critical in mediating between the two parties in the months leading up to the talks. Archbishop John Baptist Odama has been Chairperson of ARLPI since 2002. Previous interviews with him have been short and focused on only his external actions—the negotiations with the LRA, the acts of solidarity with displaced people, children in particular. In the present interview, however, Archbishop Odama discusses the spiritual formation, the devotional practices, and the deep theology that inform his actions on behalf of peace and justice.
205. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Joseph Healey How Small Christian Communities Promote Reconciliation, Justice and Peace in Eastern Africa
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
Today there are over 90,000 Small Christian Communities (SCCs) in the eight AMECEA countries in Eastern Africa. Kenya alone has over 35,000 SCCs.Increasingly SCCs are promoting reconciliation, justice and peace, the three main themes of 2009 Second African Synod. This essay treats the following headings: “Tracking the Historical Shifts of SCCs,” “SCCs’ Increasing Involvement in Justice and Peace Issues,” “Case Study of SCC Involvement in the Kenya Lenten Campaigns 2009 and 2010,” “Involving Youth in Small Christian Communities,” “SCCs Using the Internet Especially Facebook” and “SCCs as Facilitators of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace in Africa.” One major change is the increasing use of a Pastoral Theological Reflection Process such as the “Pastoral Circle” (the well-known “See, Judge and Act” methodology starting from concrete experience) to help SCCs to go deeper. Now more and more SCCs in Africa are reflecting pastorally and theologically on their experiences, often using the tools of social analysis.
206. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Jon Armajani A Common Word: Muslims and Christians on Loving God and Neighbor
207. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Shamsia W. Ramadhan The Concepts and Practice of Peace, Peacebuilding and Religious Peacebuilding: Lessons from Kenya
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
The article highlights the challenges and potential of religious peacebuilding in resolving conflict in multi-ethnic and multi-religious context. This paper seeks to examine the conduct of religious leaders in Kenya as key actors in society and how their involvement in partisan politics undermines their role as peacebuilders. Informed by theoretical underpinnings on the concepts of peace, peacebuilding and religious peacebuilding the author defines the expected character of religious leaders that would qualify them as strategic peace actors.
208. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Ron Pagnucco, Chris Hausmann Editor’s Note
209. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Samir A. Awad The Israeli-Palestinian Road Map For Peace: A Critical Analysis
210. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Joleen Steyn Kotze In Search of Justice: African and Western Approaches to Transitional Justice
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
The early 1990s saw an increase in conflict in Africa and increasingly brutal tactics of war ranging from using rape as a weapon of war to the amputation oflimbs of citizens. By 2006 nearly half of all high-intensity conflicts were fought on the African continent. In many cases, fragile peace had been achieved in countries that saw some of the most brutal actions of war and experienced the most horrific human rights abuses. These societies embarked on processes ofpost-conflict reconstruction and the search for sustainable peace through national reconciliation and forgiveness in the hope of creating sustainable peace and democracy. This article seeks to engage the notions that underpin Western or retributive justice and African or restorative notions of justice in achieving democratic durability in a post-conflict society. It is premised on the argument that sustainable peace in Africa can only be achieved with a creative mixture ofboth Western and African approaches to transitional justice.
211. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
212. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Rita M. Gross The Dalai Lama: Essential Writings
213. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Christina M. Morus Genocide: Truth, Memory and Representation
214. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Laura A. Young, Jennifer Prestholdt Refugee Participation in Peacebuilding: The case of Liberian refugee participation in the Liberia Truth and Reconciliation Commission
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
Through examination of a case study of Liberian refugee participation in the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Liberia, this article highlights concerns about the lack of opportunity for refugee participation in peacebuilding generally. The experience of the authors working with refugees in the Buduburam Settlement near Accra, Ghana, demonstrates the overwhelming desire of refugees to participate in the processes that directly impact their lives, as well as the future of their home and host countries. The article concludes with the suggestion that the Liberian Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s work with refugees can serve as a model of how refugee participation can be enhanced in similar processes in the future.
215. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Greg Getek Soltis Resist! Christian Dissent for the 21st Century
216. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Christian S. Krokus Unity in Diversity: Interfaith Dialogue in the Middle East
217. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Holger Loewendorf The Bases of Empire: The Global Struggle against U.S. Military Posts
218. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Mary M. Doyle Roche The Vocation of the Child
219. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 21 > Issue: 1
Andrew J. Pierce Formal Democracy, Structural Violence, and the Possibility of “Perpetual Peace”
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
In this paper, I revisit and evaluate Kant’s prerequisites for “perpetual peace,” including the claim, central to contemporary political rhetoric, that formal democracy produces peace. I argue that formal democracy alone is insufficient to address the kinds of deep-rooted structural violence that ultimately manifest interrorism and other forms of direct violence. I claim that the attempt to eliminate structural violence, and so achieve real “perpetual peace,” requires a moresubstantive sort of democracy, of which the United States and the West remain poor examples. It requires a political critique that goes deeper than just thecritique of state power and government action. This paper tries to develop that critique through a conception of structural violence, and of participatory parity asan overarching standard of redress for this type of violence in all of its forms.
220. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies: Volume > 21 > Issue: 1
Laurie Brands Gagne The Narrative Approach to Teaching Peace and Justice
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
The narrative approach to teaching Peace and Justice attempts to address the division between activists and church-goers that is often found on Catholiccampuses. The former, who advocate for social change, tend to regard religious faith as self-serving, while the latter, who emphasize community service, tend toregard activism as “radical.” By studying the life-stories of individuals whose contributions to the struggle for justice reflect the unfolding of a spiritual journey, students come to see that religious faith can be integral to a life dedicated to social change. Barack Obama’s autobiography exemplifies the youth’s journey to self-acceptance which the theologian John Dunne identifies as the second of the four great tasks of an individual’s life. The stages of this journey involve breaking free of narcissism and what theologian Miroslav Volf calls “embracing” the other.