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41. ProtoSociology: Volume > 11
Michael Liston Externalist Determinants of Reference
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According to externalism, reference is a relation between uses of an expression and features of the environment. Moreover, the reference relation is normative (constitutive of correct semantic use), and the referential relata of our expressions are explanatory of successful language use. This paper largely agrees with the broad conception underlying externalism: it is what people do with words that makes them have the references they have, and the world constrains what people can successfully do with words. However, the paper strongly disagrees with the details (at least as usually presented). A centrally important feature of what people do with words is how they use them in inferential contexts. When due attention is given to the reference-determining role played by inferential properties of expressions, I argue, we arrive at a more satisfactory account of semantic norms and explanations. Much of the argument is based on a detailed look at the language of chemical classification used in the late 19th century.
42. ProtoSociology: Volume > 11
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43. ProtoSociology: Volume > 11
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44. ProtoSociology: Volume > 11
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45. ProtoSociology: Volume > 11
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46. ProtoSociology: Volume > 11
Gerhard Preyer Interpretation and Rationality: Steps from Radical Interpretation to the Externalism of Triangulation
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In recent years Donald Davidson has outlined main features of a “unified theory” of language and action. The article tries to lay open the central theoretical steps one has to take from his “radical interpretation” to his theory of rationality and his triangulation model of externalism. It is argued that Davidson's reinterpretation of Tarski's T - sentences can be used to show a fundamental symmetry between representation and expression of propositional contents. Yet, his theoretical framework has to be enriched to deal with the problem of contextualism that arises from his redescription of utterance meanings. The paper shows in order to elaborate Davidson's claim that rationality is a normative concept one has to address the question of an internal relationship between radical interpretation, rationality and externalism.
47. ProtoSociology: Volume > 11
Bookpublications within the Project ProtoSociology
48. ProtoSociology: Volume > 13
Gerhard Preyer, Dieter Mans Introduction: On Contemporary Developments in the Theory of Argumentation
49. ProtoSociology: Volume > 13
Robert C. Pinto Argument Schemes and the Evaluation of Presumptive Reasoning: some Reflections on Blair’s Account
50. ProtoSociology: Volume > 13
Ralph H. Johnson Reasoning, Argumentation and The Network Problem
51. ProtoSociology: Volume > 13
Leo Groarke The Fox and the Hedgehog: On Logic, Argument, and Argumentation Theory
52. ProtoSociology: Volume > 13
J. Anthony Blair Presumptive Reasoning/Argument: An Overlooked Class
53. ProtoSociology: Volume > 13
Douglas Walton The New Dialectic: A Method of Evaluating an Argument Used for Some Purpose in a Given Case
54. ProtoSociology: Volume > 13
Manfred Kienpointner Comments on Douglas Walton’s Paper: The New Dialectic: A Method of Evaluating an Argument Used for Some Purpose in a Given Case
55. ProtoSociology: Volume > 13
Christopher W. Tindale The Authority of Testimony
56. ProtoSociology: Volume > 13
Hans Lenk Interdisziplinarität und Interpretation
57. ProtoSociology: Volume > 13
John Woods Peirce’s Abductive Enthusiasms
58. ProtoSociology: Volume > 13
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59. ProtoSociology: Volume > 13
Authors
60. ProtoSociology: Volume > 13
Henry W. Johnstone, Jr. “‘Any,’ ‘Every,’ and the Philosophical Argumentum ad Hominem”