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Displaying: 61-80 of 170 documents

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61. ProtoSociology: Volume > 4
Manfred Wetzel Kritische Bemerkungen zu Habermas’ "Erläuterungen zur Diskursethik" unter Bezugnahme auf Otfried Höffes Schriften zur Ethik und Politik
62. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Walter Biemel Gedanken zur Genesis der Lebenswelt
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In part lit will be analysed the genesis of the term "lifeworld" in context of E. Husserl’s philosophy. In the Crisis of European Science Husserl shows that the Doxa has a special significance compared to Episteme. This corresponds with Hussser's thesis that the world of science requires always the lifeworld. The lifeworld is the result of the anonymous cons- titution of the transcentental ego. This constitution should be demonstrated in Husserl’s "ontology of lifeworld".In part II it will be demonstrated the constitution of the lifeworld not in terms of the transcendental philosophy but in terms of the existencial philosophy. It appears that for the genesis of the lifeworld the experience of the confidence Has a constituent function, primary the confidence of the child in its mother. In this relationship the child improves the confidence. If this relationship will be broken so this has negative consequences for the following life.In Kafka’s story "Der Bau" will be demonstrated the situation in which the confidence is broken. The story shows that the lifeworld is the result of the individual experience.
63. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Elisabeth Ströker Lebenswelt durch Wissenschaft: Zum Strukturwandel von Welt- und Selbsterfahrung
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Life-world as the world of our concrete experiences is permanently modified by science. All experimental actions even of pure science are just as much scientific practice as a form of life-wordly practice. Above alt it is the technological consequences of science that reorganize life-world, and in such a way that we lack more and more understanding of what they realty are. This paper wants to show that several discrepancies and paradoxes, rising from this fact, contribute to structural changes in our experiences of the world as well as of our own self.
64. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Alexander Ulfig Präsuppositionen, Hintergrundwissen und Lebenswelt: Zur Rekonstruktion der Lebenswelt im Rahmen einer Präsuppositionsanalyse
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At first I discuss the role of the term "presupposition" in philosophy and linguistics. After introductory considerations to the term of presupposition I will come to the problems correlating with this term (presuppositions - conversational implicatures, the communicative function of presuppositions, presuppositions and conditions of happiness), in a further step some propositions to definitions and classifications of presuppositions will be discussed. Aim ofthe considerations is to extend the term of presupposition. This offers the possibility to put this term into the global context of implicite knowledge and thereafter to reconstruct the background knowledge of Lebenswelt (lifeworld) in the frame of an analysis of presuppositions. In my investigations I concentrate on the question what it means that a sentence/an utterance presupposes a certain background knowledge (J R. Searle). A reconstruction and discussion of the term of presupposition in the "Diskurs"-theory (J. Habermas) marks the end of the investigations.
65. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Ernst Wolfgang Orth ’Lebenswelt’ als eine unvermeidliche Illusion: Husserls Lebensweltbegriff und seine kulturpolitischen Weiterungen
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The term ’Lebenswelt’ appears as such only in Husserl’s later work, but is prepared in his early work: it represents a deepening and concretization of the ’Generalthesis der natürlichen Einstellungf (Ideen I) and is meant to contribute to the improvement of the transcendental reduction. The pretheoretical, elementary, and concretely practeced human world experience that is referred to by Lebenswelt, however; evades a stable fixation, as it always points to something seemingly beyond itself In connection with Husserl’s later cultural criticism and in relation to his manifold usage of the term ’Leben’ cultural-therapeutical expectations arise which can be instrumentauzea for politics, but overstrame Husserl’s concept of science. The widespread use of the word Lebenswelt ’ is certainly motivated by Husserl’s work, although the word appeared in single instances independently of him from 1908 until the 1920s.
66. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Hubert A. Knoblauch Soziologie als strenge Wissenschaft?: Phänomenologie, kommunikative Lebenswelt und soziologische Methodologie
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The notion of life-world is to be understood as a methodological concept which demands the grounding of scientific statements in the first order constructs of everyday experiences and actions. Whereas the methodological principles proposed by Schütz conceive of these experiences mainly from a subjectivistic point of view, the ’communicative turn' asksfor a reconceptualization of these principles. Taken together; the hermeneutics of the everyday life world, ethnomethodology and grounded theory methodology can account for the methodical and communicative production of scientific statements about everyday constructs and the respective degree of "derivatedness.
67. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Anmerkungen
68. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Elmar Holenstein Kulturnation - eine systematisch in die Irre führende Idee
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Nationalism is an anthropological reality; nations in the German ethnic sense of homogeneous cultural wholes are not. 'Nation’ in this sense is not a 'natural-kind term'. Its defining properties do not co-vary. It does not even correspond to a classical ’ideal type'. Its properties do not tend unidirectionally to a coherent approximative realisation. For natural languages and cultures internal deviations from standard are as constitutive as conformity is. The idea of a homogeneous ’cultural nation' does not justice to the complexity of social diversification. Nationalism is less to be refuted because of its alleged incompatibility with an idealistic universalism than because of its much more painful incompatibility with an empirically adequate particularism. In conclusion: regionalism is a well-founded goal, nationalism is not.
69. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Karl-Heinz Saurwein Soziologische Aufklärung 5. Konstruktivistische Perspektiven
70. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Karl Otto Hondrich Agency and Organization
71. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Helge Peukert Talcott Parsons, Theorist of Modernity
72. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Klaus Mainzer Leonardo-Welt Über Wissenschaft, Forschung und Verantwortung
73. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Klaus Sachs-Hombach Lebenswelt und Wissenschaft. Studien zum Verhältnis von Phänomenologie und Wissenschaftstheorie
74. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Konrad Ott Die Macht des Dialogs
75. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Jakob Schissler Der zerstörte Traum
76. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
André Kieserling Kommunikation und Konsens in modernen Gesellschaften
77. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Verena Mayer Repräsentation und Realität
78. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Erwin Tegtmeier Was sind Ereignisse?
79. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Stefan Beck Vernunftanspruch und Erwartungsdruck
80. ProtoSociology: Volume > 5
Kirsten Adamzik Dialoganalyse III. Referate der 3. Arbeitstagung